Our Skincare Ingredients Dictionary & Benefits
Bee Beauty Secrets Urskinsworthit Apitherapy What's In Our Skincare "Ingredients Dictionary" Complete Study On Honeybee Products Bee Venom Collection Process 100% Safe For The Bees
If you love understanding your skincare learn about your skincare ingredients here is a full discloser of all the ingredients we use in our line of amazing corrective products! If your looking to correct your skin Bee Beauty Secrets is here for all your needs for you and your family. Urskinsworthit Apitherapy means each product contains one or more ingredients from the honeybee, honey, bees wax, propolis, royal jelly, pollen, and even bee venom! We also use the best in peptides, plant stem cells, retinol, vitamins, extracts, powders, carrier oils, non-toxic preservative's and more.
All bee venom products contain 1% Bee Venom that is purified and lab tested. Bee Venom runs up to $300 per gram it is very expensive 1% is the maxium allowed topical in skincare. You will find no discomfort when applied usually just a warm tingeling sensation this is blood flowing to the area bringing nurtients and oxygen to the surface. A skin test behind the ear is recommended. Wait 15 minutes before applying to face area. If you have a allergic reaction cleanse area, use cool compresses, you can apply cortizone cream. Most allergic to bees are not effected by apply venom topically, but use on the side of caution.
- Shelf Life 2 years
- Temperature Keep Below 80*
- Do Not Expose To Direct Sunlight
- Keep Pumps Free Of Bacteria Clean Top With Alcohol Weekly
Bee Beauty Secrets, Urskinskinsworthit… Apitherapy!
Honey- Honey is a mixture of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other compounds. It contains several enzymes, including invertase, glucose oxidase, catalase, and acid phosphorylase. Honey also contains eighteen free amino acids, the most abundant of which is proline. It contains trace amounts of the vitamins B2, B4, B5, B6, B11 and vitamin C. Minerals like calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, selenium, chromium, and manganese are also found in honey. The main group of antioxidants in honey are the flavonoids, of which, pinocembrin is unique to honey and bee propolis. Naturally, darker honey has greater antioxidant properties. Acetic, butanoic, formic, citric, succinic, lactic, malic, pyroglutamic, gluconic acids, and a number of aromatic acids are found in honey. Bee’s honey is free of cholesterol. Experiments and studies on honey have shown that honey is antiseptic, antimicrobial, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antiallergens, antitoxic, sedative, laxative, antianemia, antioxidant, healing, and cleansing (external and internal), moisturizing and blood-purifying. It promotes rehydration, easily digestible, stimulates immunity, and is beneficial for all types of skins diseases.
Royal Jelly- Royal jelly is an emulsion of proteins, sugars, and lipids in a water base, and is synthesized by the bee from pollen. 82-90% of the protein content is made up of a group of proteins found only in royal jelly and worker jelly, known as the major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs), which has five main members. These are rich in essential amino acids which cannot be biosynthesized.
However, the lipids present are unusual, in that they are unlike the lipids of typical insect fats. Royal jelly lipids are composed mainly of 8-10 carbon acids, hydroxy acids and diacids, which may be saturated, unsaturated, linear or branched. The unusual lipids of royal jelly make it highly acidic and give it good antimicrobial properties. Royal jelly is 67% water, 12.5% Protein, 11% simple sugars (monosaccharides), 6% fatty acids and 3.5% 10-hroxoy-2decenoic acid (10-HDA). It also contains trace minerals, antibacterial and antibiotic components, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and trace amounts of vitamin C, but none of the fat-soluble vitamins-A, D, E, K. Royal jelly has a broad spectrum of biological activities which determine the effect of royal jelly on the skin, namely, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-allergic, antioxidant, toning, moisturizing, and antiaging. Royal jelly is a bee product with strong antimicrobial activity within skin tissue, which is already evident in 20% concentration. Due to its anti-inflammatory activity, royal jelly relieves periodontal diseases, inflammation of the oral cavity, tongue and throat. Anti-inflammatory activity and wound healing results from its ability to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1). Royal jelly has a protective effect on blood vessels and relieves hemorrhoids, and varicose veins of the lower extremities. It is used to treat lichen, ulcers, burns, bed sores, shingles, in all cases where the regeneration of epidermis is expected, wound epithelialization, nutritional effect, healing and antimicrobial activity. The effect of 5% royal jelly on ulcers on the diabetic foot has been studied. The treatment lasted 3 months and involved dressing the wound with 5% sterile royal jelly 3 times a week. Among eight treated ulcers, seven were cured, and in one case an improvement was observed. Royal jelly promotes wound reepithelization. The keratinocytes are responsible for the elevated production of MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9) after incubation with a water extract of royal jelly. After applying water extract of royal jelly increased keratinocyte migration and wound closure rates. The component of royal jelly responsible for stimulating MMP-9 production is defensin-1. Moreover defensin-1 promotes reepithelization and wound closure. Similarly, as in honey, defensin-1 is responsible for cutaneous wound closure by enhancing keratinocyte and MMP-9 secretion. Royal jelly is effective in the treatment of wounds and is successfully used in cosmetics for problem skin care. Royal jelly is an ingredient of preparations normalizing sebum secretion, for seborrheic skin, acne-prone skin where frequently skin lesions and small wounds occur. Due to stimulating metabolism in tissues, royal jelly improves regenerative processes of tissues. Regenerative, nutritional, and healing properties are used in balms, creams, and lotions. Immunomodulatory and antiallergenic activities of royal jelly are related to the properties of fatty acids, isolated from it. Both, 10HDA and 3-10-dihydroxydecanoic acid modulate immune response and lower the concentration of IL-2 and IL-10. Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of royal jelly were used to treat atopic dermatitis, hypertrophy, hyperkeratosis and epidermis and dermis inflammation, possibly through a blend of TNF-specific low adjustment of IFN-gamma specific production and high adjustment of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) expression.. 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid, which is present in royal jelly, stimulates fibroblast production of collagen by inducting the production of transforming growth factor. As a result, royal jelly affects the production of collagen, which is an important factor that supports the skin. Royal jelly is highly moisturizing and affects hydration of the stratum corneum by retaining water in it. In consequence, the skin become more elastic and better moisturized.
Bee Propolis-In terms of chemical composition, propolis is a remarkably diverse product. At present, at least 300 active compounds have been identified in it. Phenolic acids (caffeic, ferulic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric), benzoic acid, cinnamic acid and flavonoids are the most important biologically active compounds. Among flavonoids, we can enumerate chrysin, luteolin, apigenin, galangin, kaempherol, quercetin, pinostrobin, pinocembrin, and terpene compounds, whose content is 0.5% (bisabolol), and alcohols (cetyl, myricyl, mannitol and inositol). Propolis contains also minerals (calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, cobalt and selenium), vitamins (B1, B2, B6, C and E) and enzymes (succinate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphatase, adenosine triphosphatase, acid phosphatase) Propolis is widely used in medicine. Thanks to its antiseptic properties it is used in dermatology to treat staphylococcal, streptococcal and fungal infections. Purulent skin infections, hidradenitis, intertrigo, cheilosis, and thrush, among other things, are treated with propolis. As reported the Propol T, which is a propolis preparation, is highly effective in treatment of skin burns. There are comparable therapeutic effects when propolis and sulfathiazole are used, however, bee glue is safer, and has fewer adverse effects. Propolis is not only antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory but also it increases cicatrization and reduces pain. Chrysin, which is a flavonoid, provides an analgesic effect. Propolis used to treat burn wounds in pigs increased fibroblast proliferation, activation and growth capacity. Propolis stimulates glycosaminoglycan accumulation what is needed for granulation, tissue growth and wound closure. Propolis as apitherapeutic agent is more effectively than silver sulfadiazine. Accumulation of collagen type I in matrix of an injury stimulates the repair process because collagen type I is indispensable for the keratinocyte migration and reepithelization. Moreover, propolis increased accumulation of collagen type III what accelerates healthy process. The usage of propolis ointment to treat burns as a topical apitherapeutic product could contribute to reepithelization. Topically applied propolis decreased persistent inflammatory in diabetic wounds by normalizing neutrophil and neutrophil elastase. Caffeic acid is responsible for anti-inflammatory effect of propolis. Genistein from propolis accelerated wound healing and stimulated wound angiogenesis in mice with diabetes type-1. Furthermore, propolis may be effective in healing in different animal models including animals with burns and diabetic wounds. Moreover, propolis is highly effective in the treatment of Acne vulgaris. Researchers confirmed the limitation of occurrence of Cutibacterium acnes, i.e., a bacterium which plays a key role in acne vulgaris pathogenesis, after ethanol extract of propolis was applied to the skin. The ethanol extract of propolis also inhibits Staphylococcus epidermidis. Propolis is used to manufacture cosmetics for the skin with acne, and to produce drugs against bacterial and fungal infections. Propolis in the concentration of 5–20% has regenerative, repair effects and protects against external factors. It can be used to produce anti-bedsores preparations, since it firms the dermal tissue and protects it against pathogenic microbes. Propolis protects also from ultraviolet radiation, since it can absorb UV light due to the presence of caffeic acid, coumaric acid, and ferulic acid. Propolis is a good additive to sun blockers (creams, lotions, sticks, and lipsticks) due to its properties of a natural filter, as well as antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and regenerative effect. Other researchers showed that Romanian propolis had photoprotective effects against UVB after topical application to 30 Swiss mice. Propolis is also used to produce protective lipsticks. It is regenerative and antiviral in cold sores caused by herpex simplex virus. Flavones and flavanols from propolis, especially galangin, kaempferol, quercetin, have a high antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus type 1 in vitro. Nolkemper et al. observed that both, aqueous and ethanol extracts of propolis were strongly antiviral against herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2), Skin care with products based on propolis is helpful against fungal problems of the skin due to the presence of flavonoids (pinocembrin and pinobanksin), phenolic acids (caffeic acid) and terpenes. Pinocembrin isolated from propolis inhibits the mycelial growth of Penicillium italicum by interfering energy homeostasis and cell membrane damage of the pathogen. Shampoos with bee glue can be a natural alternative in treatment of dandruff and prevention of its recurrence due to its antifungal and anti-seborrheic properties. Propolis has also been used for manufacturing toothpastes. Bee glue inhibits the formation of dental plaque and is antimicrobial, thereby it reduces dental caries development. Propolis ethanol extracts inhibit the growth of cariogenic bacteria, which include mainly Staphylococcus mutant and Staphylococcus sobrinus. Glucosyltransferase makes bacteria produce glucan they feed on, which is insoluble in water. Propolis eliminates cariogenic bacteria, inhibits the activity of glucosyltransferase, and reduces adherent abilities of bacteria. The conducted studies showed that the use of toothpaste with propolis reduced dental plaque by 34.3% annually, whereas normal paste reduced the plaque by 31.9%. After two-year use of the paste with propolis a further reduction of plaque by 12.4% was observed, while normal paste managed to reduce it only by 5%. Rinsing the mouth with water with 0.5% propolis content complements the oral cavity care. After 21 days, this solution was able to reduce dental plaque by 18.1%. Propolis smoothes out wrinkles and has antiaging properties. A huge role is played here by antioxidants such as phenolic compounds and flavonoids which neutralize an unfavorable effect of free radicals on the skin. Bee glue lightens and smoothens the skin, reduces signs of fatigue and moisturizes it.
Bee Pollen-n cosmetic manufacturing, bee pollen is used in a form of aqueous, lyophilized and lipid extracts. Active substances can be extracted with water, propylene glycols, glycerin, and oils. Bee pollen extracts are used in cosmetic in concentrations 0.5–5%. In natural cosmetics, dried grains of bee pollen—micronized and added to cosmetics—are also used. Bee pollen, another bee product, can also affect the skin. Bee pollen is a potent antifungal, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulant agent, and it also facilitates the granulation process of burn healing. Pollen ethanol extract is antimicrobial against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and has an antifungal activity against Candida albicans. Flavonoids and phenolic acids provide antifungal and antibacterial properties of bee pollen. Anti-inflammatory activity of bee pollen is due to inhibiting the activity of enzymes participating in the development of inflammation, i.e., cyclooxygenase II and lipoxygenase. Phenolic acids, fatty acids and phytosterols are responsible for anti-inflammatory characteristics. Additionally, kaempferol inhibits hyaluronidase and elastase, which suppresses inflammatory response. Besides, topical application of ointment with pollen extract to treat burns has been studied, since bee pollen can regenerate damaged tissues.
Bee pollen is an active ingredient in cosmetics, usually in the concentration of 0.5–5%. Its significant effect on the skin tissue is due to a high content of flavonoids. Their presence allows bee pollen to strengthen and seal capillaries, which is also increased by high vitamin C content, and that is why bee pollen is used in creams for couperose skin. Bee pollen affects cell metabolism, boosts regeneration, and stimulates mitotic division. Bee pollen is used to produce shampoos and conditioners. Its sebo-balancing activity, which involves reducing sebum secretion, is used in preparations for oily hair. Bee pollen normalizes the activity of sebaceous glands due to presence of zinc, methionine, and phospholipids. Moreover, sulfur containing amino acids, mainly cysteine, present in bee pollen strengthen hair shaft. Bee pollen is also added to anti-dandruff shampoos, since it limits fungal growth and stops itching of the scalp, but it still has moisturizing, conditioning, and regenerating properties. Other researchers inform that a good solution would be to mix ethyl esters of essential unsaturated fatty acids from flaxseeds with bee pollen. Essential fatty acids (EFA) would play the role of lipid fraction solvent. Preparations with omega-3 and omega-6 acids enriched with diverse properties of bee pollen could help in the care of atopic skin, sensitive skin, and the skin more vulnerable to scarring.
Bees Wax-Esters of acids and fatty alcohols are main constituents of beeswax and subsequent components, in respect of amount, are free fatty acids. Among the latter, 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (10H2DA) exhibits antibacterial effect, which is important. Beeswax is composed of hydrocarbons and free fatty alcohols.. Free fatty alcohols such as triacontanol, octacosanol, hexacosanol, and tetracosanol are antioxidative and anti-inflammatory. Other substances are triterpenes, β-carotene, volatile compounds and phenolic compounds. Among flavonoids, the main role is played by chrysin, which relieves inflammation, has antimicrobial and regenerative effects. Sterols have a regenerative effect, whereas an antiseptic effect is provided by three components: 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid, chrysin, and squalene. When compared to other bee products, beeswax has the smallest range of biological activities. Kędzia wrote that beeswax was added to ointments, liniments and creams used in treatment of various dermatoses, e.g., boils, wounds, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, diaper dermatitis caused by Candida albicans. Beeswax is mainly used as an emulsifying agent. In cosmetics, beeswax is used as a stiffener, a substance providing elasticity, plasticity and increasing skin adhesiveness. Beeswax is the base for lipsticks, sticks and creams. Beeswax has lubricating, softening activities and reduces transepidermal water loss from skin. Sterols, which are also components of intercellular space, provide these characteristics of beeswax. Squalene, 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid and flavonoids (chrysin) provide antiseptic properties to this product and protect the skin against pathogenic microorganisms. Beeswax constitutes a protective barrier against many external factors by forming a film on the skin surface. β-carotene present in beeswax is a valuable source of vitamin A, into which it is converted. Vitamin A delays collagen degradation, stimulates mitotic division in the epidermis, thus leads to sooner regeneration of the skin after damage.
Bee Venom- Bee venom contains different peptides including melittin, apamine, adolapin, sekapin, prokamin and mast cell degranulating peptide are main components of bee venom. Among peptides especially melittin plays important role in inducing reactions associated with bee stings. Melittin induces membrane permeabilization and lyses cells. It possesses also biologically active amines like histamine, epinephrine, dopamine, norepinephrine and enzymes like phospholipase A2, hyaluronidase, acid phosphomonoesterase, lysophospholipase. Bee venom has another components than peptides including lipids, carbohydrates and free amino acids. According to INCI, bee venom or apitoxin are defined as bee venom powder. It is yellow light powder obtained by collecting a large amount of bee venom by electric stunning with using a bee venom collector without harming the honeybee. Then bee venom must be purified under strict laboratory conditions. In next step purified bee venom is diluted in water, centrifuged, lyophilized and refrigerated for use as cosmetic ingredient. It is used as a cosmetic ingredients which possesses antiaging, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral effects. Bee venom is used to produce antiphotoaging and anti-acne products. Bee venom is used in treatment psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and alopecia. ee venom has been used in medicine in treatment but also as a cosmetic ingredient. Bee venom has a wide spectrum of biological activity. It exhibit antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects so it can be used as a ingredient of anti-acne products. Bee venom shows inhibitory effects on Cutibacterium acnes. Cutibacterium acnes is the main factor inducing the inflammation in acne. Topical application bee venom on mice skin, which previous obtained intradermally injected Cutibacterium acnes into ears, limited number of inflammatory cells and also reduced level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin IL-1β. Moreover, bee venom inhibited Toll like receptor (TLR2) and CD14 expression in tissue which has been injected C. acnes. These results indicate that bee venom can be used as anti-acne agent. Another researchers also showed positive effects of cosmetics containing bee venom on acne vulgaris. Purified bee venom reduced number of C. acnes at concentration of 0.5 mg. Bee venom possesses bactericidal and bacteriostatic effects thanks to melittin. It has a significant antibacterial effect against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus pyrogenes. Melittin is a toxic peptide that causes destruction of the bacterial cell wall. Bee venom can be used in fungi and viral skin infections. The antifungal effect of bee venom against Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Candida albicans and Malassezia furfur was proved Antiviral effect of bee venom on herpes simplex virus has been studied. Bee venom suppressed the replication this virus. Moreover, bee venom is a potential inhibitor of 5 α-reductase, which is responsible for converse testosterone into dihydrotestosterone and plays important role as hair growth promoter, what was confirmed in study on alopecia. Bee venom in different concentrations 0.001%, 0.005% and 0.01% was applied in compare 2% minoxidil. Researchers showed that bee venom promoted hair growth and inhibited transition from the anagen to catagen phase. Additionally bee venom inhibited the expression of SRD5A2 which encodes a 5-α-reductase. Bee venom can play role as a new therapy in localized plaque psoriasis. Intradermal bee venom and intradermal bee venom combined with oral propolis constitute effective treatment of localized plaque psoriasis. Bee venom reduces level of IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6. Bee venom contains melittin, which blocks the expression of inflammatory genes. Additionally bee venom inhibits the COX-2 expression, so decrease production of prostaglandins which take part in inflammatory process. Bee venom compounds possess various, sometime opposing immune-related effects. Some components of bee venom like apamin, histamine, mast cell degranulating (MCD) peptide and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) increase inflammatory response, while polypeptide adolapin inhibits prostaglandins synthesis and inhibit the activity of bee venom PLA2 and human lipoxygenase. Anti-inflammatory effect of bee venom is used also in treatment atopic dermatitis. Patients who applied emollient with bee venom had lower eczema area, severity index and visual analogue scale value than patients who applied emollient without bee venom. The biological activities of bee venom have been used in wounds healing. The mechanism of wound healing is associated with expressions of TGF-β1, fibronectin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and collagen-I. The research, which was conducted in mice showed decreasing of wound size and increasing epithelial proliferation. Topical use of bee venom is effective especially in reducing size of wounds in animal model. The venom is using in wound dressing combined with polyvinyl alcohol and chitosan. 4% bee venom in wound dressing in diabetic rats accelerated healing and limited inflammatory process. Another study showed that 6% bee venom with chitosan supported wound healing. Researchers indicated that bee venom stimulated human epidermal keratinocyte proliferation and migration. Bee venom joined with hydrogel increased collagen formation. Bee venom supports wound healing due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and antioxidant activity. Effective action of bee venom is especially important in human melanoma A2058 cells. Tu et al. exhibited that bee venom leads to apoptosis cell death by induction hydroxyl radicals. Recently bee venom also has been used as antiwrinkle agent. As a cosmetic ingredient bee venom serum at a concentration of 0.006% was applied at amount 4 mL twice a day for 12 weeks among twenty-two women from South Korea. It caused decreasing total wrinkle area, total wrinkle count and wrinkle depth. Moreover bee venom possesses antimelanogenic activity by inhibiting tyrosinase-related proteins. The study conducted by Han et al. reported that bee venom exhibits photoprotective activity by reducting of the protein levels of matrix metalloproteinases. Bee venom effectively inhibits photoaging processes so it can be used for photodamaged skin. Gel containing 0.06% bee venom did not lead to photosensitive dermatitis what has been confirmed on animal model
Adverse Allergic Reactions To Bee Products
The use of bee products for cosmetic as well as medicine production can involve the occurrence of allergic reactions. An allergy to honey is seldom, and the most frequent allergen from honey that causes hypersensitivity reactions is bee pollen. Additionally, bee protein in honey can cause an allergy. Honey used to treat dermatoses undergoes thorough filtration to eliminate particles of bee pollen, which are the main cause of honey allergic reactions. Honey allergy is exceedingly rare but sometimes causes IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction. In 2010 Basista conducted studies on beekeepers. None of them was hypersensitive to honey. More than 26 allergenic substances were determined in propolis composition. Most frequently, an allergic reaction is caused by esters of caffeic acid and cinnamic acid derived from poplar buds. In hypersensitive people, they cause a contact allergic reaction. Due to the presence of these esters in other materials, cross allergic reaction can occur. The most potent allergens are: LB-1, i.e., the compound consisting of 3-methyl-2-butyl-caffeate (54.2%), 3-methyl-3-butyl-caffeate (28.3%), 2-methyl-2-butylcaffeate (4.3%), caffeic acid (1.3%), benzyl caffeate (1.0%), caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE, 7.9%) and benzyl salicylate. An allergy to propolis is rare, and an allergic response was more frequently reported after topical application than an oral one. In the years 1989–2006, the World Health Organization registered only 26 notifications about side effects after the contact with bee glue, of which just six were considered certain, and the remaining ones were not fully credible. In healthy individuals, an allergy to propolis is rarely observed (0.64–1.3%), however, it occurs more frequently in people treated for allergies (1.2–6.7%). This hypersensitivity is manifested by atopic eczema after the application of ethanol extract of propolis. Moreover, topical application of royal jelly in the form of ointments can cause skin rashes and eczemas. Allergic and irritation reaction of bee venom have been associated with presence components likes: phospholipase A2, melittin, hyaluronidase. Phospholipase A2 is a major allergen which is responsible for inducing immuno-globulin E (IgE). Melittin causes cell lysis and fusion in addition to activation of phospholipase A2. Hyaluronidase is a next allergen in venom, which is responsible for changes in cell membranes. It caused spread of venom toxin through the gaps between cells. However, bee venom can be toxic when large amount of venom is inoculated into body. However, Han et al. indicates that long term topically treatment with bee venom is safe what confirmed their study
Bee Venom Collection Process 100% Bee Friendly
The bee venom collecting Apitoxin is very safe for the bees. A bee venom collector has in-built protection features, making sure your bees are safe. The collector adjusts the electrical pulses based on humidity, the number of bees, the battery level, and the sessions run-time.
So how is the bee venom extracted without harming bees you ask?
Through a unique and patented method developed by New Zealand scientists. Bee venom is produced in the venom gland of the bee, and is stored in an adjacent sac in the bee’s abdomen. The amount of venom a bee has depends on age. Newly hatched bees don’t have any venom at all, but the amount increases rapidly for the first two weeks of a worker bee’s life, reaching a plateau of about 0.3 mg (dry weight).
Specialist Bee Keepers place glass collection frames over the hive with wire electrodes installed, a current is pulsed through the frame and with an electro stimulator recording pulses, Bees that come into contact with the frame receive a very mild electric current that promotes them to sting against the frame and the bee free to fly away to the hive. The frames with the fresh dried bee venom on them are carefully packed into a special container for transportation to the laboratory.
Approximately 33,000 bee stings = 1 gram of Bee Venom. This is the reason the cost of bee venom skin care products is so high.
Conclusion Bee Products in Medicine & Cosmetics
Bee products constitute an important component of medicines and cosmetics. Honey is regenerative and antimicrobial due to its high osmolarity, the presence of hydrogen peroxide and lysozyme. Manuka honey thanks to the presence of methylglyoxal is a potent antiseptic agent. Propolis is a bee product rich in phenolic compounds, which determine antimicrobial, UV protective, analgesic, antioxidative and regenerative activities. Royal jelly is characterized by the presence of royalism and jolliness peptides. It also contains 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid which improves the production of collagen and is antiseptic. Bee pollen is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, flavonoids and hydroxy acids. Beeswax plays the most important role as emulsifier of the cosmetic forms. Moreover, bee venom is an attractive and effective natural toxin rich in peptides. It plays an important role in treatment and care skin especially in photodamage, acne, atopic dermatitis, alopecia or psoriasis. Bee venom exhibits anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral action. Each of the bee products is characterized by the content of certain active substances, which differentiates one bee product from another, and causes that each of them is worth using for a different skin problem. The effect of bee products on the skin has been proved by numerous studies, whose results are satisfactory, and the use of these product in wound healing highlights their curative value. The advantage of medicines and cosmetics based on bee products is their effectiveness with minimal side effects. summarizes skin diseases where the therapeutic application of bee products has been studied.
Our Amazing Skin Care Ingredients
Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer - Salts or esters of acrylic acid used as thickening ingredients.
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)- Nutritive tonic, restorative tonic, diuretic, anti-anemic, anti-hemorrhagic, anti-rheumatic. In the Middle East, Alfalfa is known as the father of all herbs." The leaves of this herb contain significant amounts of beta-carotene, leading to its widespread therapeutic use concerning a variety of skin disorders. It is an ideal herb for treating inflammatory conditions, especially those associated with aging. Various arthritic and rheumatic conditions benefit from the use of Alfalfa, including lower back ache. Alfalfa is also a natural deodorizer, as well as an infection fighter due to its high content of vitamin A.
Algae Extract- Algae extract is a botanical extract of various species of algae. Algae extract is known to benefit the health of both the hair and skin. Its water-binding properties support moisture retention and it is brimming with essential nutrients and vital trace elements including Iron, Zinc, Magnesium, Copper, Silicon, and Vitamin A amongst others. It also contains amino acids, which nourish the skin and hair, supporting structure and luster. Algae Extract is believed to inhibit the breakdown of collagen, which leads to an increased quantity of collagen in the skin and therefor diminished signs of aging. It is also used for hair to prevent hair loss, strengthen and thicken hair, restore shine and condition.
Allantoin- Allantoin is a healing, moisturizing, soothing and anti-irritating, keratolytic and non-toxic agent useful in dermatological, cosmetic and veterinary preparation. Allantoin is a valuable cell-proliferating healing agent which stimulates healthy tissue formation. Allantoin has a pronounced keratolytic and skin softening action, acts as chemical debrider of necrotic and scaling tissue, clearing up the areas where applied. Allantoin is effective at quite low concentrations, 0.1% up to 2%.
As natural component, Allantoin is found in wheat germ, rice polishings, confrey roots, in the earth-worm and as organic component of many soils.
Almond Butter- Prunus Amygdalus- Derived from sweet almonds specifically from the Mediterranean area. Cold processed. Moisturizing, full of minerals, vitamins, and essential fatty acids.
Almond meal-Prunus Amygdalus- Exfoliant; used as an abrasive for exfoliation. These are usually pulverized and blanched almonds.
Organic Aloe Vera-Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice- Botanical, moisturizer, skin protectant, humectant. A member of the South African aloe plant leaf, usually a juice, containing water, amino acids and carbohydrates, used as a moisturizer, stabilizer, and light tonic for the skin.
To the best of our knowledge, RSL Organic Aloe Barbadensis (Aloe Vera) will not be classified by OEHHA as a Proposition 65 chemical. The OEHHA proposed listing identifies the chemical concerned as "Aloe Vera, whole leaf extract". It defines whole leaf extract of Aloe vera as "the liquid portion of the Aloe vera leaf, (what remains after removal of fibrous material, such as lignified plant fibers)" and importantly clarifies that this substance "is not the same as Aloe vera decolorized whole leaf extract, Aloe vera gel, Aloe vera gel extract, or Aloe vera latex, which would not be covered by this proposed listing." aloe is decolorized at some point in the processing via carbon filtration to remove Aloin and therefore are not subject to the Proposition 65 proposed listing.
Alpha Hydroxy-Glycolic Acid- AHA Anti-aging, antioxidant; fruit based. Is sometimes combined with phospholipids and Acidophilus. Skin cell renewal and cell shedding. Glycolic Acid is found in simple sugars. Glycolic Acid works by dissolving the intercellular cement responsible for abnormal keratinization (discoloration of the skin), improving skin hydration by enhanced moisture uptake, binding water to the stratum corneum.
Alpha Lipoic Acid- antioxidant; Anti-aging applications have been noted due to its antioxidant nature. A popular new ingredient for skin creams. Helps to smooth fine lines in mature skin. Accelerates the sloughing off of dead skin, diminishing the signs of actinic keratosis (discoloration of the skin). Skin cell renewal and cell shedding.
Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi Leaf Extract- Also known as Bearberry Extract, this natural skin lightener works by reducing melanin production. By inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for the formation of melanin in the skin, Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi Leaf Extract is effective for lightening age spots and evening skin tone for an uniform, bright complexion.
American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolium)- Adaptogen, alterative, aphrodisiac, cell proliferant, demulcent, rejuvenative. Ginsengs botanical name, Panax, is derived from the Greek word panacea, which means all healing. Ginseng is well known as a super cosmetic and is especially popular in places like Hollywood. It is an absolutely wonderful skin conditioner, cleanser, and restorative. It also acts on free radicals in the body, thus slowing down the effects of aging. American Ginseng was valued by the Native Americans long before the Europeans discovered it. In the 1700s the Jesuits began exporting it to China, where it gained the universal acclaim it still has today.
Ammonium Laurel Sulfate- A naturally derived surfactant from coconut. It is primarily used as a cleansing agent and is considered gentle and effective.
Ammonium Laureth Sulfate- A naturally derived surfactant from coconut. It is primarily used as a cleansing agent and is considered gentle and effective.
Amodimethicone- This is being used more often by chemists as conditioning agents in hair product formulations. It is popular because of its ease of use in processing and manufacturing products as well as for their many benefits to the hair.
Amodimethicone is an abbreviation of amine-functionalized silicone, which is a family of silicones modified to have specific properties. The simplest, and perhaps most well-known silicone, polydimethylsiloxane (dimethicone, by INCI naming standards), consists of methyl groups (-CH3) as the pendant group along the backbone of the polymer chain (Figure 1). Amine-functionalized silicones have been chemically modified so that some of the pendant groups along the backbone have been replaced with various alkylamine groups (-R-NH2). These amine groups become positively charged in aqueous solutions because of their electron-donating (basic) tendencies, yielding an inorganic, cationic polymer.[i]
These inorganic cationic polymers deposit onto the hair because of the electrostatic attraction between the polymer and the negatively-charged protein surface of the cuticle. In this manner, they behave much like polyquaternium materials (organic cationic polymers), which are excellent conditioning agents as well. The charge density of the polymer can be varied by changing the placement and quantity of the amine groups. A polymer with greater charge density will be more substantive to the hair than one with lesser charge density.
One interesting property of these polymers is that they provide selective conditioning to the areas most in need of it. The mechanism by which they accomplish this is, again, electrostatic attraction. Highly damaged areas of the hair cuticle possess higher negative charge density, which enhances the affinity of the cationic polymer to that specific area. These polymers can provide a targeted beneficial effect.
Once the amine-functional silicone is deposited onto the surface of the hair, it spreads out and forms a cross linked film when it dries. This cross linked film can last through several washings, which is considered to be advantageous in most applications. A unique property of these polymers is that once in place on the surface of the hair, they repel further deposition of amine-functional polymers on top of the existing layer, preventing buildup. This cross-linked film seals moisture inside the hair shaft, holding the cuticle flat and providing excellent wet and dry comb-ability. An additional benefit of these silicones over other cationic polymers (such as polyquats) is their high refractive index, which gives the hair a high degree of gloss and shine.
Silicones, including amodimethicone, also protect from thermal damage resulting from styling tools, such as hot rollers, curling irons, and blow dryers. This phenomenon is due to their very low thermal conductivity much lower than water, glycerin, or mineral oil. This reduces heat transfer through the hair surface to the cortex of the hair. Very high temperatures found when styling or processing hair (sometimes as high as 100C to 160C) are capable of vaporizing water contained within the cortex. It is extremely important to maintain proper hydration of the hair because water has a very high specific heat which helps protect the hair from getting too hot. Hair that reaches too high temperatures can suffer permanent damage to the delicate keratin fibrils in the cortex. A protective layer of amodimethicone on the surface can help prevent or reduce damage done in this .Amodimethicone and other similarly modified silicone polymers are considered to be among the best high-performance conditioning polymers currently available to the hair-care product formulator. They provide many unique benefits, including the following:
o Deep conditioning
o Targeted conditioning to areas of particularly damaged hair
o Protect from thermal damage
o Increase color retention
o Resist build up
o Impart gloss and shine
o These modified silicones seem to be of particular benefit for those of us with damaged hair, permanently colored hair or those concerned about the buildup of conditioning agents.
Angelica (A. atropurpurea)- Aromatic, carminative, emmenagogue, expectorant. During the time of the great plague, a monk said he was told by an angel in his dreams that Angelica would cure the plague. Today, Angelica is best known for its stimulating effects on the digestive system. Angelica is also used to clean wounds, as it aids in the healing process.
Anise (Pimpinella anisum)- Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Pectoral, Stimulant. Anise was used by the Romans primarily as a flavoring for cakes and other food items. Hypocrites used the herb for coughs, and later in history a Roman scholar recommended chewing Anise in the morning to remove unpleasant odors from the mouth. It is still recommended for this use today.
Apricot Kernel oil-Prunus Armeniaca- Emollient/moisturizer. A natural nut/vegetable oil pressed from the kernel of the apricot, for penetrating and softening. Non-greasy feel. High content of Vitamin E. Some claim it can aid the skin in retaining elasticity and suppleness. Is a triglyceride containing oleic and linoleic acid. Another natural replacement for mineral oil. Used by the Hunza people for millennia, contributing to their being the healthiest and longest living people in the world. Mimics the skins natural sebum and is readily absorbed into skin. A great carrier oil as well.
Arnica (Arnica Montana)- Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Analgesic, Antiecchymotic. Traditionally used for the external treatment of sprains, bruises, swelling, muscle pain, varicose veins and hemorrhoids, inflammations, and rheumatic complaints. Arnica can also be used to treat athletes foot, as well as stimulate hair growth. It is said the Goethe, the German writer, poet, and scientist would ask for arnica tea in his old age due to anginal pain he experienced as a result of coronary arteriosclerosis. Arnica grows wild in alpine meadows, and can be easily identified by its brightly colored yellow-orange flowers.
Arrowroot-Maranta Arudinacea- Botanical/Absorbent. Named by the Indians as it was used for healing wounds caused by arrows. Its chemical makeup is one of a starch.
Ascorbic acid- Antioxidant; Vitamin C preservative. A chemical component of Vitamin C and free radical fighter. Can be used to lessen skin pigmentation. Is found in fruits and vegetables. Essential for the production of collagen in the skin.
Artemisia Annua (Artemisia Annua)- Although native to China, Artemisia Annua has been naturalized throughout the world. In ancient times it was used by Chinese herbalists to treat fevers. It is also used in tropical regions as an anti-parasitic, particularly to prevent parasite resistance in the case of malaria.
Artichoke (Cynara Scolymus)- Hepatic, biliary fluidifying, cholagogic, diuretic, anti-rheumatic. The artichoke originates from the Mediterranean area, where it grows wild on the island of Crete. It has long been traditionally used as a liver detoxifier, as well as an aid for those with digestive weaknesses and constipation. It is also effective in treating dandruff when used topically, as well as rashes of the skin.
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)- Anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, stress-reducer, invigorating. A traditional Ayurvedic herb, Ashwagandha has been used for centuries in India to treat various cerebral disorders, including memory loss. Although it has many calming properties, it is also used to promote sexual vitality. This herb is also very good for the skin due to its very high antioxidant content, and has been found to make an effective facial toner.
Astaxanthin- Astaxanthin is a master antioxidant that aids in the protection of the skin. The astaxanthin we use in our product is derived from fresh water micro algae (Haematococcus pluvialis). This strain of algae exists in habitats ranging from African lakes to Arctic snow fields but the typical habitats are ephemeral ponds and rainwater pools. The particular brand of astaxanthin we use (AstaReal) has two production facilities, one in Gustavsberg, Sweden and another in Moses Lake, Washington. The production of astaxanthin is fairly unique, using ultra-clean cultivation techniques in photo-bioreactors. The algae is grown in stainless steel photo bioreactors under carefully controlled indoor sterile conditions. Cultivation starts with the “seed” which is enriched with essential nutrients that provide the algae with optimal conditions for rapid growth and proliferation (Green Phase). When the culture has reached its optimum density in the Green Phase, the production of astaxanthin is induced (Red Phase). After harvest, the algae are crushed and finally dried. The final biomass is a deep-red powder containing a high concentration of astaxanthin.
Astragalus (A. membranaceus)- Adaptive, antibacterial, anhydrotic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, diuretic, immunostimulant, tonic. Astragalus is rich is polysaccharides, and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine as an adaptogen for thousands of years. It promotes the healing of damaged tissues, and medical studies have shown it to have anti-carcinogenic effects. This herb also increases the strength of T-cells, It also improves urine flow, blood circulation, and decreases toxicity of the liver.
Avocado Oil-Persea Gratissima- This ultra rich organic oil is a delightful treasure containing high amounts of Vitamin A, B1, B2, D, and E. Also contains amino acids, sterols, pantothenic acid, lecithin, and other essential fatty acids. Highly prized to those with skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, and other skin ailments and our variety makes a lovely salad oil for dressings and condiments. Highly recommended to those with sensitive skin, problem skin and other irritations that require vitamin rich oil. Anti-irritant; emollient; moisturizer. Has cleansing applications as well as a moisturizing carrier oil.
Baking soda-Bicarbonate of Soda- an absorbent/topical that relieves itching, and burns. Sometimes used for insect bites.
Bamboo Fibers- High silica content bamboo fibers come from renewable plants and do not tax the earths eco system with over harvesting. Add them to scrubs, exfoliating washes, and masques.
Bayberry (Myrica cerifera)- Antibacterial, antiseptic, astringent, deobstruent, emetic, febrifuge, insecticide, stimulant, tonic. Bayberry has been found to be especially useful in the treatment of various female problems, especially excessive menstruation. It is a strong skin cleanser and healer, and is good for treating ulcerated sores. In India, a combination of Bayberry and Ginger is used to combat the effects of cholera. It also aids in digestion, nutrition, blood building, blood circulation, and the healing of cuts, ulcers, bruises and insect bites.
Beeswax- Emollient. A wax produced by bees, used as a wax base or for smoothing the skin.
Bentonite- Porous clay from volcanic ash. Is used in facial masks as an absorbent, also as an emulsifier, thickener, and stabilizer. Bentonite is considered noncomedogenic. It is a colloidal aluminum silicate clay.
Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)- Antirheumatic, antispasmodic, estrogenic, uterine tonic. Black Cohosh is native to North America where it was used to treat snake bites, including that of the rattlesnake. Its name, Cimicifuga means to chase insects away, and it has been used accordingly. Black Cohosh has also been proven useful for those who suffer allergies to bee stings. The early American colonists used it to treat yellow fever, malaria, nervous disorders, bronchitis and dropsy. It is a useful tonic for the central nervous system, and is effective in relieving all different sorts of inflammatory conditions, making it ideal for skin disorders. Recently it has become a popular treatment in Germany for menopausal symptoms, but it is important to note that the plant has been employed to treat feminine issues for decades. Traditionally, Black Cohosh has been used to treat arthritis and rheumatism, as well as tinnitus, sciatica, whooping cough, and conditions that require reduction in LH levels, such as cyst formation.
Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)- Antispasmodic, uterine tonic, nervine, anti-dysentery. Black Haw is similar to Black Cohosh in that it too is effective in relieving menstrual cramps, menopausal symptoms, and nervousness. The Native Americans also used it as a way of preventing miscarriages. Black Haw contains salicin, which is the compound in aspirin responsible for relieving pain and inflammation. It is also rich in steroidal saponins, which serve as the raw material for the production of hormones by the liver.
Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)- Anthelmintic, antifungal, antiparasitic, antiseptic, astringent, bitter, insecticide, vermifuge. Black Walnut is probably best known for its antiparasitic effects, and has traditionally been used to expel worms from the intestines. The American Indians used it as a natural laxative, and for many centuries the Europeans used it as a laxative and as a treatment for skin ailments, especially herpes and eczema. Black Walnut is thought to be a good remedy for bad blood diseases such as syphilis and Diphtheria. It is also useful in the treatment of acne, dandruff, mouth sores of various kinds, hemorrhoids, cold sores, and for cleaning the teeth.
Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosis)- Bladderwrack is a seaweed found on the coasts of the North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the western Baltic Sea. It was discovered in 1811 and is the original source of iodine. Thus, it was used to treat the swelling of the thyroid gland, which is related to iodine deficiency. Because it is a thyroid stimulant, Bladderwrack is very useful in helping obese people lose weight, as many of these people suffer from very slow metabolisms. Due to its high mineral content, Bladderwrack is also good for cleansing and refreshing the skin, as well as treatment for psoriasis, cellulite, sprains and bruises.
Blessed Thistle (Cnicus benedictus)- Alterative, anthelmintic, anti-pyretic, aperitive, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic-stimulating, diuretic, emetic (in large doses), emmenagogue, galactagogue, tonic. The Quinault Indians of North America used to use the whole plant as a means of birth control. In Europe, monks used Blessed Thistle to cure small pox, and in 17th century England, herbalist Culpepper used Blessed Thistle for fever, feminine complaints and headaches. It strengthens the heart and lungs, stimulates milk production in nursing mothers, is a good digestive tonic and balances female hormones.
Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)- Anthelmintic, antispasmodic, bitter, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, oxytocic, sedative, stimulant. The Native American Indians used Blue Cohosh for menstrual problems and delayed delivery. It also inhibits false labor pains in childbirth, and is effective in regulating a womans menstrual cycle. Blue Cohosh relieves muscle cramping and spasms, and is a good remedy for emergency allergic reactions to bee stings.
Blue Flag (Iris versicolor)- Alterative, anti-inflammatory, cathartic, diuretic, stimulant. Blue Flag is excellent at treating a variety of skin conditions such as acne, herpes simplex, and psoriasis. It is a powerful liver cleanser, and generally effective at removing stagnation from within the body. It is used in the treatment of hepatitis, chronic rheumatism, jaundice, and to relieve flatulence, heartburn, nausea and belching. Also, recent studies have shown that Blue Flag reduces cravings for food, making it an ideal candidate for helping those with obesity.
Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata)- Diuretic, analgesic, expectorant, anti-rheumatic. The term vervain comes from the Celtic word ferfaen, meaning to drive away a stone. This refers to the herbs historical use in treating kidney stones. The Native Americans used it for colds, coughs, stomach cramps and fevers. It is also effective in treating bladder infections, hemorrhoids, chronic bronchitis, and joint pain, and was used in old pagan love potions.
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis)- Expectorant, stimulant, alterative, antibiotic, diuretic, febrifuge, sedative, emetic (in large doses). The Native Americans used Bloodroot as a dye they knew as musquaspenne, and introduced it to early colonists in Virginia. Nineteenth-century physicians used Bloodroot as a remedy for pneumonia, headaches, hepatitis and coughs. Today, Bloodroot is an ingredient in various tooth care products due to its content of an alkaloid known as sanguinarine. Sanguinarine chemically binds to dental plaque, keeping it from sticking to teeth. Using Bloodroot is also an effective way to prevent gum disease, as well as a treatment for various skin afflictions such as athletes foot and burns.
Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)- Analgesic, antipyretic, aperitive, bitter, diaphoretic, emetic, febrifuge, stimulant. Traditionally, Boneset has been used as a remedy for coughs, fevers and colds. Civil War troops received infusions of Boneset to keep them healthy, or to assist them in recovery from fevers. It is a tonic for the liver, stomach, bowels and uterus, and has mild anti-inflammatory effects. It is also useful in treating indigestion of the elderly. Recent research in Germany suggests that Boneset stimulates white blood cells to consume more foreign agents, which explains its effectiveness in treating infections.
Borage Oil-Borago Officinalis- types as an acting emollient and is best known for its ability to soften, soothe, and re-condition the skin. It is truly marvelous as a carrier oil and is equally superb for addition to body care products. Natural expeller pressed oil from raw almond kernels and exceptionally rich in fatty acids. Emollient; moisturizer; ointment base; botanical. Considered useful for sensitive skin. This comes from a hardy annual. Mostly the leaves are used; sometimes the flowers.
Bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus)- Antithyroid, astringent, bitter, cardiac, diuretic, emmenagogue, hemostatic, sedative, tonic. Bugleweed is especially successful in treating hemorrhages of the lungs and bowels, as well as excessive menstrual bleeding. It improves blood circulation, and has been used successfully to strengthen the circulatory system, as well as to reduce fluid discharges from the body. In some cases it is also a useful pain reliever.
Burdock Root (Arctium lappa)- Alterative, antidote, anti-phlogistic, anti-tumor, aperient, bitter, bacteriocide, blood purifier, carminative, cholagogue, demulcent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, hepatic, laxative, lithotriptic, stomachic, tonic. Burdock Root is known as a blood purifier, and historically herbalists have used it to rebuild the body due to its high source of various nutrients. The Menominee and Micmac Indians used it to treat skin sores, while the Cherokees used it for a broader variety of ailments. The Chinese used Burdock Root to treat colds, coughs, sore throats, measles, sores, abscesses, and tonsillitis. Burdock Root helps prevent water retention and jaundice in babies, and is a very strong liver purifier. This herb is especially valuable for the skin, arthritic pains, and glandular problems.
Butchers Broom (Ruscus aculeatus)- Anti-inflammatory, aperient, astringent, deobstruent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, laxative, prevents blood clots, vasoconstrictive. Butchers Broom is best known for its anti-inflammatory properties, and is especially useful in the prevention of blood clots, as well as varicose veins, swelling of the legs and feet, urinary stones, fractures, and lowering cholesterol.
Butterbur (Petasites hybridus)- Anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic. The Greek physician Dioscurides used Butterbur leaves to treat skin ulcers. During the Middle Ages Butterbur was used extensively in an attempt to cure the plague by mixing its powder in wine. It was also traditionally used as a treatment for conditions such as pain, spasms and fever. It is used as an anti-spasmodic to relieve menstrual cramps, as well as an anti-parasitic. Today, Butterbur is primarily used for the prevention of migraines, as well as headaches and asthma.
Cactus Grandiflorus (Selenicereus grandiflorus)- Aromatic. Cactus Grandiflorus is primarily used for its fragrance in various cosmetics. The night blooming variety known as Cereus has a heavy, vanilla like smell, while other varieties have a more delicate aroma. It is also an excellent heart tonic, sympathetic nervous system regulator, sedative and nerve tonic.
Calcium Carbonate- Chalk; used as an absorbent in cosmetics.
Calendula (Calendula officinalis)- Alterative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, bitter, cholagogue, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, hemostatic, stimulant, styptic, vermifuge, vulnerary. Calendula was first used by the Romans to treat scorpion bites, and old herbal doctors recommended regularly applying Calendula as a way to prevent gangrene. It supports the connective tissues of the skin, and is good for healing all types of skin irritations and injuries such as burns, rashes, cuts and varicose veins. Due to its natural content on iodine, it is considered to be one of the best antiseptics available.
Calendula Oil- Organic Calendula Officinalis- Not only one of the most effective topical oils, it also makes an excellent base for salves, facial creams and many other natural cosmetics. Gentle, cooling, and soothing. Calendula oil is the most successful oil for assisting us with dry and damaged skin, skin inflammations, rashes, diaper irritations, and other skin disorders. Makes a wonderful babys oil and is exceptional for those with sensitive skin.
California Poppy (Escholtzia californica)- Sedative, analgesic, hypnotic, antineuralgic. Known to early strongish settlers as copa del ora, meaning cup of gold, California Poppy is a rather effective pain reliever, as well as mood balancer. The Costanoan Indians would rub a decoction of the flowers into the hair to kill lice, and the Indians of Mendocino County used a poultice of the fresh root for toothaches, headaches and sores. It can also be used for insomnia, psoriasis, and painful migraines and headaches.
Camellia Oil-Camellia Sasanqua- Anti-aging; emollient; carrier; moisturizer. High content of oleic acid. Helps in role of anti-oxidation and is fairly non-greasy.
Camphor-Cinnamomum Camphora- Is used as an anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cooling, and is thought to be slightly stimulating to blood circulation. Derived from a species of tree in the Orient that resembles the Evergreen tree.
Camu Camu Berry- This active ingredient is used in skin care as a powerful vitamin c source. Research vitamin c and skin care to understand the value of this ingredient. Camu camu (Myrciaria dubia) is a native bush to the South American rainforest that produces a fruit containing more vitamin C than any other known botanical source. For comparison: a fresh camu camu berry may contain up to 4% vitamin C, whereas a lemon may contain at most 0.5% vitamin C. Some sources estimate that camu camu berries have 30 times as much vitamin C as oranges. Camu is loaded with an incredible 380 mg of immune-supportive Vitamin C in every teaspoon serving! Best of all, Camu Camu has no additives and no fillers, and it is 100% raw!
Indigenous Amazonian peoples would pick the camu camu berries in season, dry them, and use them medicinally for the rest of the year. This purplish-red berry becomes light beige in color when dried and powdered.
The camu camu berry is an excellent source of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, the amino acids serine, valine and leucine, as well as small amounts of the vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin) and B3 (niacin). Camu camu also contains high levels of anthocyanins (a powerful antioxidant), bioflavonoids, and other essential co-factors. All of these nutrients help the body make full use of the abundant levels of Vitamin C found in this super fruit. For proof of this we need only turn to Dr. James Duke, notable USDA scientist and author of The Green Pharmacy: I take vitamin C for coldsI prefer to get mine from camu camu, the amazing Amazonian fruit that has the worlds highest vitamin C content.
Traditionally, camu camu has been used to:
* support the immune system
* maintain excellent eyesight
* create beautiful skin
* ward off viral infections
* support strong collagen, tendons and ligaments
* decrease inflammation
* improve respiratory (lung) health
* help maintain optimal clarity of mind in times of stress and anxiety
Camu camu berries especially support the functions of the brain, eyes, heart, liver and skin.
In a comparative study of hundreds of botanicals, ranked in order of effectiveness for various health conditions, camu-camu was ranked among hundreds of herbs as follows:
Gingivitis/Periodontal disease #1
Migraine headaches #1
Parkinsons disease #1
**This comparative studys results are not FDA approved. We make no specific claim as to the camu camu berrys medical properties.
As a natural vitamin C source, this product may be used in conjunction with MSM powder to rejuvenate collagen and improve the health of the skin.
One of the most powerful botanical substances known. If you know the power of vitamin C, camu camu berry powder is the best source. Its essential. - David Wolfe, author of The Sunfood Diet Success System and Eating for Beauty
There is no doubt that ascorbic acid [Vitamin C] is required for the synthesis of collagen in the bodies of human beings and other animals. One of the important functions of collagen is its service in strengthening the intercellular cement that holds the cells of the body together in various tissues. It is not unlikely that part of the effectiveness of vitamin C against the common cold, influenza, and other viral diseases can be attributed to this strengthening effect, and in this way preventing or hindering the motion of the virus particles through the tissues and into the cells. - Linus Pauling, Vitamin C, the Common Cold, and the Flu, 1971, p.43-45
Canola Oil- Carrier; emollient; moisturizer. Extracted from rapeseed oil. It is considered to be a natural replacement to Mineral Oil. Has good emolliences and lubrication.
Carbomer- a group of thickening agents used primarily to create gel-like formulations
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)- Cardamom contains an antiseptic known as cineole which is known to kill bacteria in the mouth that causes bad breath. Aside from being a popular culinary herb, especially in Asian and Middle Eastern cuisines, it is also a popular aromatic used in perfumes and oils, as well as love potions. Cardamom also stimulates digestion, eases bowel spasms and flatulence, and is often used by herbalists to prevent the griping effect of laxatives.
Carnauba Wax- A natural, hard wax obtained from the leaves of palm trees. It is used primarily as a thickening agent, but also has film-forming and absorbent properties. To protect itself against dehydration during the period of drought that severely affects the Northeast region of Brazil every year for more than six months, the Carnauba covers its leaves with a thick layer of wax consisting basically of esters, alcohols and fatty acids of high molecular weight. Once the leaves have been collected, they are dried out and beaten for the wax to loosen up. After going through a refining process that includes filtering, distillation, and centrifugation, the wax is used all over the world by various industries, such as in the manufacture of polishing wax (floors, shoes, cars etc.), in the paper and packaging industries, in making paints and other more resistant continuous coatings, in the cosmetic industry (lipsticks, enamels), in the food industry (bubble gum, chocolate, fruits), as well as in the pharmaceutical industry as vehicle and excipient.
Carrageenan- Chondrus Crispus. Irish Moss. A natural stabilizer and emulsifier. Wonderful humectant properties for the skin and hair. Seaweed like in smell and water soluble.
Carrot Oil-Daucus Carota Sativa- Botanical; emollient; anti-aging; skin protectant. This carotene rich emollient is derived from the carrot root. A good source of Vitamin A. Used in some cosmetics to treat skin blemishes or to assist with creating a tan stain in conjunction with other ingredients. Also some application indicated for dermatitis and skin rashes by some estheticians.
Cascara Sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana)- Alterative, anthelmintic, bitter tonic, cathartic, cholagogue, emetic, febrifuge, hepatic, laxative stimulant, nervine, stomachic, tonic-colon. The name Cascara Sagrada means sacred bark, and was bestowed upon this particular tree by strongest and Mexican explorers. The American Indians used it as a remedy for chronic constipation, among many other things. It is not considered to be a habit forming laxative, as it restores natural tone to the colon. Cascara Sagrada helps the body rid itself of gallstones, and is helpful in the treatment of hemorrhoids, as well as jaundice, colitis, and liver failure.
Cassia Angustifolia Seed Polysaccharide (botanical hyaluronic acid)- Cassia Angustifolia Seed Polysaccharide is a botanical ingredient retrieved from the Cassia Angustifolia, a native plant to India. In cosmetics it is primarily used as a skin moisturizing agent due to its high content of polysaccharides. These polysaccharides have shown to mimic hyaluronic acid, a component of the skin which assists tissue repair and protection. When applied topically this plant based hyaluronic acid penetrates the dermis to secure moisture and in turn support the skins elasticity and structure. Not only is hyaluronic acid directly correlated to increases in skin moisture, it can adjust its moisture absorption rate based on the humidity of the environment. This natural extract also functions as an anti-inflammatory and a treatment for acne.
Catnip (Nepeta cataria)- Analgesic, antacid, antispasmodic, aperitive, aromatic, bitter, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, nervine, refrigerant, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. The North American Indians used Catnip as a sedative and for infants with colic. Early Europeans were drinking Catnip tea before even Chinese tea became popular. Catnip is a good topical aid for hemorrhoids, and relieves pain, spasms, the flu, and colds. It is also good for calming the nerves and reducing fever. Catnip improves circulation throughout the body is good for reducing swelling, especially under the eyes. It removes excess mucus from the body, relieves gas from the bowels, and is generally soothing.
Cats Claw (Uncaria tomentosa)- Lymphatic stimulant, expectorant, antispasmodic, astringent. Native to the South and Central American rain forests, Cats Claw has traditionally been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. It is also used for stomach ulcers, eczema, liver diseases, gastritis, and fevers, as well as a powerful immune stimulant. The Ashanica Indians of Peru believe that if one drinks a cup of Cats Claw decoction a week it will ward of disease, cleanse the body, and ease bone pain.
Cayenne (Capsicum annum)- Antibacterial, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitive, aromatic, astringent, blood thinner, cardiovascular tonic, carminative, condiment, diaphoretic, hemostatic, hypertensive, hypotensive, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic-general, vulnerary. This herbs name comes from the Greek word to bite, and was brought over to Europe by Christopher Columbus upon his return from the New World. The Cherokee Indians used Cayenne as a stimulant, while the Navajos used it as a means of weaning young children. Cayenne is a known catalyst, and aids the body in absorbing virtually any concoction, as well as increasing its effectiveness once ingested. It stimulates digestion, increases circulation, and is high in vitamin A. This last property is especially useful to us because vitamin A is essential for the maintenance of normal vision, growth, cellular activity, reproduction and immunity. Capsicum is a useful aid in arresting hemorrhaging and for cleansing and healing external wounds. It heals ulcers in the cell structures of arteries, veins and capillaries, heals any inflammation, aids in healing the flu and colds, lowers cholesterol, and decreases fat deposits in the liver while simultaneously increasing the liver enzymes responsible for fat metabolism. If Cayenne and Plantain are combined, a poultice of sorts can be applied to the skin in order to draw out foreign items such as slivers and thorns, and a small amount of powder can be sprinkled in the socks in order to prevent frost bite.
Celandine (Chelidonium majus)- Alterative, diuretic, purgative, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, anodyne, narcotic. Celandine is primarily used for cleansing the liver, hepatitis, jaundice, eczema, psoriasis, warts and various other skin problems. It is a blood-purifier that also relieves muscle spasms, itchiness of the skin, and ring worm. The Chinese have used it extensively for treating whooping cough and bronchitis. Interestingly, the fresh juice, when mixed with milk, is directly applied to cataracts and white spots that form on the cornea of the eye in order to remove them.
Celery (Apium graveolens)- Alterative, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, aperitive, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, uterine stimulant. Celery has historically been used to stimulate digestion, and is also a good nervous system soother. It is a tonic for the skin, especially aging skin. Celery has been reported to balance out acidity in the body, as well as dissolving arthritic spurs with the body in a matter of about nine months. Celery is a natural source of organic sodium, stimulates the sex drive, and is helpful in the relief of headaches.
Cellulose Gum- Cellulose gum (CMC) is one of the most common hydrocolloid or thickening agent used by the global processed food industry due to its versatility, ease of use and effective cost-in-use.
Cellulose gum is based on natural cellulose strains such as for example the lint from the cotton seed and its main functionality is to add mouth feel and texture, stabilize proteins, retain moisture and form oil-resistant films in a vast variety of food applications.
Centrimonium Chloride- It is a quaternized ammonium molecule (frequently abbreviated as quat), and it has a single positive charge at the head group. CTAC belongs to a family of molecules known as cationic surfactants, which can be used as emulsifying or conditioning agents. Some other commonly used molecules in this group are cetrimonium bromide (CTAB), behentrimonium chloride, and quaternium-15.
Their conditioning capabilities are due to electrostatic attraction between the positively-charged head group of the cationic surfactant and negative charges that occur along the surface of hair strands. This electrostatic attraction causes cationic surfactant molecules to deposit themselves onto the cuticle of the hair, which helps create a smoother surface and also reduces static-induced flyaway hair that can occur in cold, dry weather.
As emulsifying agents, cationic surfactants can be used to aid the formulator in getting many different types of hydrophobic (water fearing) oils to go into solution. They are frequently used in mixtures with a nonionic surfactant. These mixtures can form large micelles, or emulsion droplets. Oil-in-water micelles are clusters of molecules with an oily center or core, made up of the non-polar tails of the surfactants, surrounded by an outer shell formed by the polar portion of the molecule. The polar portion of the shell is water soluble, and the interior of the micelle can encapsulate a water-insoluble oil, such as silicone. This complex particle can then be dispersed into an aqueous solution, such as a hair conditioner or shampoo formula. (There are also micelles known as water-in-oil micelles, where the polar groups are in the interior portion of the micelle, and the oil soluble portions are on the exterior of the micelle.)
A common example of such a mixture is cetrimonium chloride, trideceth-12 (the nonionic surfactant), and amodimethicone. The two surfactants surround the amodimethicone, which is water insoluble. The resultant aggregate of all three components is dispersible in water, due to the hydrophilic nature of the micelle shell. However, it should be noted that this mixture is dispersible in water for the purposes of ease of manufacture of the shampoo or conditioner. The mixture does not remain intact during product use, and it should not be inferred that having those three components in a formula renders the amodimethicone water soluble once it is applied to the hair.
Once the actual product is applied to wet hair in the shower, the aggregate is broken up and each component does what it would ordinarily do. The nonionic surfactant is washed away when the hair is rinsed; the positively-charged amodimethicone and the cationic surfactant are each deposited (separately) onto the surface of the hair. The amodimethicone is left alone, and is thus in its water insoluble state, and it dries to form a film, which imparts sheen and silkiness to the hair. Despite the fact that it is water insoluble, amodimethicone has been found to resist the formation of build up, and most users have reported excellent results with products containing amodimethicone, even if they use a shampoo-free regimen.
Ceteareth 20- Fatty alcohol that is used to thicken cosmetics and keep ingredients mixed together and stable.
Cetyl Alcohol- A fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener, and carrying agent for other ingredients. Naturally derived cetyl alcohol as in coconut fatty alcohol. It is not an irritant and is not related to SD alcohol or ethyl alcohol. The term alcohol here is a real disservice to this ingredient as it is really a fat substance. Produced from Palm Oil usually, but it is also found in Coconut and other vegetable oils (it can be made synthetically too). Considered by some sources to be non-comedogenic, it is a moisturizer (not at all a drying alcohol).
Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis-Roman)- Analgesic, anodyne, antibiotic, antifungal, anti-pholgistic, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitive, aromatic, bitter, calmative, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, nervine, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific, tonic, vermifuge. Chamomile was known by the Greeks as ground apple. The Cherokee Indians used it in the cases of colic, vomiting and bowel complaints. It helps one to relax and aids digestion and bowel problems. It is an effective easer of menstrual cramps, as well as helping one to sleep, and has even been recommended for people who experience nightmares (especially children). Chamomile is an especially good herb to use while pregnant because it helps one to sleep and relax.
Chaparral (Larrea tridentate, L. divaricata)- Alterative, anodyne, antibiotic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-tumor, bitter, blood purifier, diuretic, expectorant, anti-parasitic, tonic. The Paiute, Shoshone, and Kawaiisu Indians of North America used Chaparral for ailments relating to elimination and bacterial problems. This plant is known to act against free radicals, and is therefore useful in any ailment related to degeneration. It is an anti-inflammatory, and is known to rebuild the tissues. Thus, it is an excellent herb for the skin, especially considering its free radical fighting properties. Chaparral eliminates parasites from the system, is a pain killer, and cleanses deep into muscular tissue. It is a strong cleansing herb for the kidneys, as well as a healer for the liver, blood, urethral tract and lymphatic system.
Chaste Tree (Vitex agnus-castus)- In Italy, the flowers of the Chaste Tree are strewn on the ground in front of novices as they enter the monastery or convent. Many of its folk uses suggest that it is an anaphrodisiac; it was given to nuns to quell their sexual urges. Today, we know that it stimulates milk production in lactating women, regulates menstrual cycles, stimulates synthesis of the hormone progesterone, and can be used to treat inflammation of the womb lining, fibroids, and to establish menstruation and ovulation after discontinued use of the birth control pill.
Chickweed (Stellaria media)- Alterative, breaks down fat, demulcent, discutient, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, mucilant, nutritive, pectoral, refrigerant, stomachic. The Chippewa and Iroquois Indians used Chickweed as a wound poultice and eye wash. Chickweed is an excellent herb for treating any skin problem ranging from boils to sores to diaper rashes, and is also used for breast inflammation during lactation. It is good for sore eyes, hemorrhoids, swollen testes, stomach ulcers, and inflammation in general. Chickweed has a soothing effect on the body, and for this reason is used in baths. It moves plaque out of blood vessels, strengthens the tissue lining of the stomach, and breaks down cellulite.
Chinese Ginseng (Panax schinseng)- Adaptogen, alterative, aphrodisiac, cell proliferant, demulcent, digestant, diuretic, expectorant, nervine, nutritive, rejuvenative, immuno-stimulant, cardiotonic, tonic. The name Ginseng is Chinese for man plant, referring to its shape. Ginseng is healing to the prostate and is an aphrodisiac, is good for the digestive system, supports adrenal function, reduces stress, regulates blood sugar, and is considered by some to be the most powerful adaptogen of them all. It promotes regeneration of the body, helps to rebuild body strength, and is a stimulant for the brain and memory centers. Ginseng fights free radicals in the body, therefore combating the signs and symptoms of aging.
Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum)- Apart from being a popular herb used in various culinary traditions around the world, Cilantro has a long history of being used as a remedy for anxiety and insomnia in Iranian folk medicine. The seeds are used in India as a diuretic, as well as a digestive aid and carminative in traditional herbalism. Cilantro is also an effective treatment for acne (the juice can be applied to the face like a toner).
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, C. cassia)- Analgesic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, fungicide, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Cinnamon was one of the herbs that spurred world exploration. The Egyptians used Cinnamon in their embalming mixtures, and the Romans had to pay a high price for it. It calms down the stomach, reduces milk production, stops uterine hemorrhages and excessive menstruation, and has been shown to be both an anti-bacterial and an anti-fungal. Cinnamon suppresses E. coli and Candida Albicans, as well as controlling the microorganisms that cause Botulism and staph infections. It is also used for pain and discomfort experienced in menopause, chest pain, back pain, and neck pain.
Citric Acid- Acidulent; AHA; buffer. Often used to adjust the pH of a product.
Citronella- Cymbopogon Nardus- Used primarily in lotions, gels, and sprays as a natural bug repellent. Especially effective when combined with other natural essential oils that also repel insects and fleas- see our Pet and People section.
Cleavers (Galium aparine)- Diuretic, alterative, aperient, mild astringent. Cleavers is used as a treatment for skin diseases such as psoriasis, as well as burns, sunburns, and pigmentation. It is one of the most effective diuretic blood purifiers known, and is good for the treatment of all urinary and reproductive organ inflammations, as well as hepatitis and venereal disease. It is used in the case of enlarged lymph glands, cystitis, skin eruptions, and fevers.
Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata)- Analgesic, anodyne, anti-emetic, antiseptic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, disinfectant, expectorant, germicide, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge. Cloves are sometimes used by dentists to disinfect and treat disturbed root canals. Clove cures nausea and rids the gastrointestinal tract of gas. Chinese herbalists often used the oil of Cloves to treat diarrhea and hernia. Cloves oil has strong germicidal properties, and has been shown to be effective against athletes foot, as well as other fungal conditions.
Cocoa Butter-Theobroma Cacao- Emollient; skin conditioner; skin protectant. A luscious moisturizing fat that has a high melting point so it is often observed as a solid. Good lubrication. Super high mineral content, vitamin C content, and feel good love chemicals. Cocoa was named Theobroma and means food of the gods. Cocoa Butter is becoming increasingly popular in the natural body care and cosmetic industries for good reason. It has been used for centuries in Africa for its moisturizing and healing properties, where it has been used to protect and condition skin which has been damaged by the sun and wind.
The four major West African cocoa producers are the Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon. The Ivory Coast produces about 43 percent of the worlds cocoa, and the next largest producer is Ghana with about 14 percent of the worlds output. Nigeria is one of the smallest and produces about 6 percent of the worlds cocoa. Outside of West Africa, the major producers of cocoa are Indonesia, Brazil, Malaysia, Ecuador, and the Dominican Republic. After cocoa beans have been received at the processing location, they are inspected and thoroughly cleaned of all extraneous matter, such as sticks, stones, and metal fragments, as well as broken beans. Once the beans are cleaned they are roasted and then ground into a paste. The heat generated by this process causes the Cocoa Butter in the nib to melt, hence the name cocoa liquor. Chocolate liquor destined for processing into Cocoa Butter is refined to a very small particle size because it is easier to reduce the particle size early when the butter is still present. A smaller particle size makes butter extraction easier.
Cocoa Butter contains natural antioxidants that give it a long shelf life of over 3 years. It is naturally rich in Vitamin E as well as a number of other vitamins and minerals. Vitamin E helps to soothe, hydrate, and balance the skin and also provides the skin collagen which assists with wrinkles and other signs of ageing. Cocoa Butter also contains cocoa mass polyphenol (CMP), a substance that inhibits the production of the immuno globulin IgE. IgE is known to aggravate symptoms of both dermatitis and asthma. For centuries pregnant women have used to Cocoa Butter formulations to prevent and treat stretch marks, but this pleasant-smelling substance is added to countless other topical preparations. Lotions and oils containing Cocoa Butter are often used in aromatherapy massage to promote relaxation and the feeling well-being. Research indicates that massaging the skin with Cocoa Butter may help relieve stress, boost the immune system. This is because Cocoa Butter, like chocolate, contains a lot of CMP and there is some evidence that the CMP in Cocoa Butter may also help prevent heart disease and ease arthritic symptoms. Cocoa Butter is mainly used is a thickening agent and is a common ingredient in lipsticks, soaps and emollient creams. It is also a folk remedy for burns, cough, dry lips, fever, malaria, rheumatism, snakebite and wounds. It is reported to be antiseptic and diuretic.
Cocoa Butter is has a melting point at human body temperature, is edible and nutritious which presents many industrial uses.
Cocoa Butter is a superb moisturizer which slows down moisture loss.
Cocoa Butter is known for its hydrating effects,
Cocoa Butter is also gentle on the skin and has a pleasing aroma.
Cocoa Butter is excellent when used on dry skin or on wrinkles.
Cocoa Butters Emollient properties great in soap making and lotions.
Cocoa Butter is hard at room temperature.
Cocoa Butter is mainly used is a thickening agent and is a common ingredient in lipsticks, soaps and emollient creams.
Cocoa Butter is easily absorbs into the skin and imparts sheen.
Cocoa Butter is one of the most stable, highly concentrated natural fats known, and melts at body temperature so that it is readily absorbed into the skin. Since Cocoa Butter absorbs so quickly, it immediately relieves dry and irritated skin. There are many different uses for Cocoa Butter, below are some of the ways in which Cocoa Butter may be used:
Add a spoonful to your bath water for a luxurious and healing experience. Especially helpful for those with dry or itchy skin, or sore muscles. Try adding Lavender or Chamomile essential oil as well, or an herbal infusion made from soothing herbs.
In massage, Cocoa Butter is beneficial for overexerted muscles or for dry skin
In soaps, Cocoa Butter has a conditioning effect that adds a good lather. Try incorporating Cocoa Butter into your handmade soap recipes.
Use during pregnancy to keep the skin supple, and to prevent stretch marks. It may also be used after giving birth to reduce stretch marks.
Cocamide MIPA- A mixture of isopropanolamides of coconut acid. Also known as cocamide monoisopropanolamine. This ingredient works in a variety of ways, including as an emulsifier, a stabilizer (in foams & emulsions), a thickener, a surfactant, an anticorrosive agent and a foaming agent. It is mostly contained in personal care products such as shampoo, hair dye, conditioner, body wash, dandruff treatment, bubble bath, exfoliant/scrub, cleanser and liquid hand soap
Cocomidopropyl Betaine- Cocamidopropyl Betaine is a mild amphoteric co-surfactant. It is derived from coconut oil and beets and is highly water soluble in wide pH range, pH: 5 - 6 (10 % aqueous solution). It is supplied in a clear yellow liquid with no or faint odor. Cocamidopropyl betain is very mild co-surfactant compatible with anionic, nonionic, cationic surfactants (also useful as primary surfactant), good cleanser & foam booster, viscosity enhancer, excellent conditioning & antistatic agent, moderate emulsifier. It is used in body washes, shampoos, bubble baths, cleansing lotions, creams, hand soaps, baby products, hair conditioners, cream rinses at use levels of 2-40%
Coconut Milk- Utilizing coconut as a milk alternative for skin care and bath soaks. There is a significant body of work supporting this choice. Research continues to prove that Coconut will not only bring temporary relief to the skin, but it will aid in healing and repairing. It will have lasting benefits, unlike most lotions. It can help bring back a youthful appearance. The coconut milk will aid in removing the outer layer of dead skin cells, making the skin smoother. The skin will become more evenly textured with a healthy shine. While doing this the coconut milk will penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin and strengthen the underlying tissues.
What coconut milk can do for your skin it can do for your hair. It is wonderful to use as a hair conditioner. Beauticians who are familiar with coconut swear by it. It softens the hair and conditions the scalp. Using the coconut milk as a pre-wash conditioner can rid a person of dandruff better than a medicated shampoo.
Antiseptic fatty acids in coconut oil help to prevent fungal and bacterial infections in the skin when it is consumed and to some extent, when it is applied directly to the skin. The only way to gain entry into the body other than through the natural openings, such as the nose and mouth, is by penetrating the skin. When the skins defenses break down, infections can result. Acne, ringworm, herpes, boils, athletes foot, and warts are just some of the infectious conditions that can affect the skin and body.
The biggest chemical barrier to infectious organisms is the acid layer on the skin. Healthy skin has a pH of about 5, making it slightly acidic. Our sweat (containing uric and lactic acids) and body oils promote this acidic environment. For this reason, sweat and oil do us good. Harmless bacteria can tolerate the acid and live on the skin, but troublesome bacteria cant thrive and their numbers are few.
The oil our bodies produce is called sebum. Sebum is secreted by oil glands (sebaceous glands) located at the root of every hair as well as other places. This oil is very important to skin health. It softens and lubricates the skin and hair and prevents the skin from drying and cracking. Sebum also contains medium chain fatty acids, in the form of medium chain triglycerides, that can be released to fight harmful germs.
Our skin is home to many tiny organisms, most of which are harmless; some are beneficial. At least one variety of bacterium is essential to the healthy environment on our skin. It feeds on the sebum, breaking down the triglycerides into free fatty acids. The bacteria actually feed on the glycerol part of the triglyceride. This leaves fatty acids which are now freed from the glycerol unit that held them together. Medium chain fatty acids which are bound to the glycerol unit as they are in coconut oil have no antimicrobial properties. However, when they are broken apart into free fatty acids, they become powerful antimicrobials.
So these bacteria convert the medium chain triglycerides (in the sebum or on the skin) into free fatty acids that can kill disease-causing bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The combination of the slightly acid pH and medium chain fatty acids provides a protective chemical layer on the skin that prevents infection from disease-causing organisms. Due primarily to the action of bacteria, the oil on the surface of your skin and hair is composed of between 40 and 60 percent free fatty acids. The medium chain fatty acids in the sebum provide the protective layer on the skin that kills harmful germs. Coconut is natures richest source of medium chain fatty acids.
When coconut oil is put on the skin it doesn't have any immediate antimicrobial action. However, when bacteria which are always present on the skin turn these triglycerides into free fatty acids, just as it does with sebum, the result is an increase in the number of antimicrobial fatty acids on the skin and protection from infection. The free fatty acids also help to contribute to the acid environment on the skin which repels disease causing germs.
When bathing or showering, soap washes the protective layer of oil and acid off our skin. Often afterwards the skin becomes tight and dry. Adding moisturizers helps the skin feel better, but it does not replace the acid or the protective medium chain fatty acid layers that was removed. Your skin is vulnerable to infection at this time. You would think that your body would be clean and germ-free after a bath. But germs are everywhere, floating in the air, on our clothes and everything we touch. Many germs survive washing by hiding in cracks and folds of the skin. Before long your skin is again teaming with microorganisms, both good and bad. Until sweat and oils return to reestablish the body's chemical barrier your skin is vulnerable to infection. If you have a cut or cracked skin, this can allow streptococcus, staphylococcus and other harmful germs entry into the body. By using coconut oil cream, coconut milk, or just pure coconut oil you can quickly help reestablish the skins natural antimicrobial and acid barrier.
Coconut milk will absorb easily, keep the skin soft, and yet without feeling greasy. It is not like other soaks used to soften rough, dry skin. It will help to reduce chronic skin inflammation within days and be soothing and healing to wounds, blood blisters, rashes, etc. It is an excellent ingredient to use in healing salves and ointments. People have used a coconut oil/crushed garlic mixture at night to eliminate plantar warts and athletes foot with excellent results.
A key point regarding coconut milk and its accompanying oils is Lauric Acid. Approximately 50% of the fatty acids in coconut fat are lauric acid. Lauric acid is a medium chain fatty acid, which has the additional beneficial function of being translated into monolaurin in the human or animal body. Monolaurin is the antiviral, antibacterial, and antiprotozoal monoglyceride used by the human or animal to destroy lipid coated viruses such as HIV, herpes, cytomegalovirus, influenza, various pathogenic bacteria including listeria monocytogenes and heliobacter pylori, and protozoa such as giardia lamblia. Some studies have also shown antimicrobial effects of the free lauric acid .
Coconut Oil-Cocos Nucifera- Antifungal, antiviral, antibacterial, and contains lauric acid which is unique and wonderful for the skin. Virgin coconut oil is cold-pressed, pure, natural and unrefined. Our Virgin Coconut Oil is extracted from freshly harvested coconuts using a wet milling process that uses neither chemicals nor high heat. The result is a clear coconut oil that retains the distinct scent of coconuts. Our Virgin Coconut Oil is a off-white to white solid at temperatures below 76 degrees F. Virgin Coconut Oil is a great ingredient for lotions and hair treatments as well as soaps. In addition, it is naturally full of antioxidants and has an endless shelf life.
Colloidal Silver- A powerful healing agent and natural antibiotic.
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)- Anti-inflammatory, antitussive, astringent, bitter, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, mucilant, pectoral, sudorific, tonic. Coltsfoot has been considered one of the best herbal remedies for coughs for more than two-thousand years. Dioscorides recommended smoking the herb in the case of lung problems. Coltsfoot has been used throughout history as a remedy for asthma. It is soothing for the mucous membranes, resolves wheezing, and can also be used to relieve insect bites and stings, as well as skin problems and burns.
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)- Antipyretic, antitussive, astringent, bitter, cell proliferant, demulcent, expectorant, mucilant, nutritive, styptic, tonic, vulnerary. Since 400 BC, Comfrey has been in use as a healing herb. It encourages the repair of bodily tissues, and the Greeks used it to treat bronchial problems and to stop heavy bleeding. Discords prescribed the plant when he needed to heal wound and mend broken bones. The Cherokee Indians also used this plant for a number of ailments. Comfrey supports rapid healing due to its cell proliferating properties, can often close wounds, and is useful in healing respiratory problems. Comfrey soothes inflammation and can be applied to sore breast burns, wounds, swelling and bites. It promotes healthy skin and strong bones, promotes the secretion of pepsin, thereby making it an effective digestive aid, and arrests all sorts of bleeding and hemorrhaging.
Coptis (Coptis trifolia)- Coptis is a potent astringent, and is therefore ideal for the treatment of pimples, bumps, sores, etc. It also makes a good mouthwash. In the Himalayan regions of India Coptis is used to treat dyspepsia, and for insomnia in the case of the Chinese. It also improves digestion, relieves inflammation of the stomach, restores appetite, and is even employed in the treatment of alcoholism.
CoQ10- CoQ10 levels decrease as you get older. Most women over thirty have below optimum levels of CoQ10 in the skin. The lack of CoQ10 results in an impeded ability to produce collagen and elastin. Collagen is important because it makes your skin firm, while elastin gives your skin flexibility. The loss of collagen and elastin causes your skin to wrinkle and sag.
CoQ10 also helps the skin by acting as a strong antioxidant. It helps to neutralize the harmful free radicals that are one of the major causes of aging. Thus, the age-related decline in CoQ10 also your skin is more prone to damage by free radicals.
Using topical anti-aging creams that contain CoQ10 can effectively help fight the signs of aging. The CoQ10 in the treatment can penetrate deeply to provide antioxidants and help create collagen and elastin.
Corn Silk (Zea mays)- Alterative, cholagogue, diuretic, demulcent, lithotriptic, soothing, mild stimulant. It is said that Corn Silk originates from South America and was used by the Inca. Historically it has mainly been used for treating urogenital infections. Kidney problems, acute and chronically inflamed bladders have been treated with Corn Silk for over a century. It is useful for gonorrhea, controlling inflammation and relieving pain.
Cotton Root Bark (Gossypium hirsutum)- Cotton Root shuts down the corpus luteums ability to produce progesterone. Thus, it is an effective abortificant, because without the corpus luteum the egg has no source of progesterone, and therefore any potential pregnancy concerning that egg cannot maintain itself. It has also been observed that Cotton Root causes uterine contractions, making it useful for difficult menstruation and delayed childbirth.
Cramp Bark (Viburnum opulus)- Anti-abortive, antispasmodic, astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, sedative, tonic. In Russia Cramp Bark is used for high blood pressure and other heart related problems. It is a good herb to use for things like eczema and various other skin problems, as well as coughs, colds, bleeding, stomach ulcers, the kidneys and the lungs. True to its name, Cramp Bark relieves cramps during menstruation, and is one of the best relaxants for the ovaries and uterus. Cramp Bark can be used to prevent miscarriage in the case of nervous afflictions, colic, headaches and rheumatism. It is a good muscle relaxant, and is recognized in the National Formulary as an antispasmodic for asthma and hysteria. They have also been known to be used in place of cranberries for jelly in Canada.
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)- Cranberry has been shown to prevent bacteria from sticking to the inner walls of the bladder, therefore fighting bladder infections. It is good for fluid retention, is anti-asthmatic, and decreases the occurrence of kidney stones.
Cranberry Seed Oil- Vaccinium Macrocarpon- Cranberry seed oil is a high essential fatty acid content oil .It is the only available botanical oil with a one to one ratio of Omega 6 (linoleic) to Omega 3 (alpha-linolenic) fatty acids. This balance is critical for optimum halth and dermal integrity. Cranberry seed oil has excellent oxidative stability and contains 70% essential fatty acids making it a superb emollient, lubricant and conditioner for the skin. It is excellent for use in skin, hair, lip and baby care. Cranberry seed oil contributes to the lipid barrier protection of the skin and assists in moisture retention. This rich oil also contains an impressive ORAC rating for antioxidant value. CSO also contains high concentrations of tocopherols, tocotrienols, phytosterols, phospholipids and Vitamin A, redefining performance and stability standards for highly polyunsaturated oils.
Crithmum Maritimum (Sea Fennel Wax)- The ocean is the birthplace of life. In this aqueous cauldron over 3.5 billion years ago, the elements that would eventually make up all bio-material on the planet were starting to percolate. To this day, the seas are swimming with a rich diversity of plant and animal organisms. And on the craggy shores of such crisp, nutrient rich oceans, grows Sea Fennel. Fed by the silica in the sand and the immense amounts of nutrients carried by ocean waters and breezes, Sea Fennel (known in the Private Label Personal Care world by its scientific name: Crithmum Maritimum) has long been honored for its healing and medicinal purposes. Today, the extract of Sea Fennel is one of THE best skin care ingredients for anti-aging and over-all skin strength and luster. Sea Fennel Extract softens the skin, unclogs pores, boosts collagen, reduces fine lines, speeds cell turnover and evens out skin discoloration and texture. It enables the epidermis to regain its youth and vitality and improves radiance and tone. The secret of blue-green, beauty-bestowing plant is it’s rich, bio-available nutrients! Sea Fennel Extract is often considered a plant alternative to Retinol– but we think of it as an upgrade! Retinol and, more generally, retinoids are synthetic versions of Vitamin A. Used in many skin care products to refine texture and boost the appearance of glow, synthetic Retinoids are actually are only partially effective because their nourishment isn’t bio-available. Synthetic ingredients they are lacking natural synergists that make themselves recognizable to the body. When a vitamin, mineral, protein or what have you, enters the as a synthetic, the body does not realize it is there, because it does not of the natural counterparts that normally accompany it and help activate it. The result is that the nutrient goes unprocessed and unused. Sea Fennel, which is lush with radiance-delivering sea-minerals, vitamins A, C, E, amino acid peptides, pigments and polyphenols, can effectively stimulate skin renewal and boost collagen and elastin because those nutrients are bio available! They come in a package the skin understands and knows how to process and integrate. The result is harmony and the highest manifestation of beauty! As Private Label experts, we recommend incorporating Sea Fennel Extract into any product you want to see vitalize and beautify the skin. Add to masks, cleansers, creams, lotions, eye-creams, serums, gels, sun products and after-sun products
Culvers Root (Veronicastrum virgincum)- Alterative, bitter, blood purifier, cathartic, cholagogue, emetic, hepatic, laxative, tonic. Culvers root works on the intestines in cases of chronic constipation. It has a beneficial effect on the liver and is relaxing to the body. It helps with digestion, purifies the blood by way of cleansing obstructions, and expels gas from the body.
Damiana (Turnera aphrodisiaca)- Aperient, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, aromatic, bitter, diuretic, hormonal, laxative, nervine, stimulant, tonic. The Maya Indians called Damiana mzib-coc, meaning plant for asthma. They used it for lung disorders, dizziness, vertigo, and as a body cleanser in general. Damiana is a sexual rejuvenator, especially in cases of senility, and increases sperm count in males. In Mexico Damiana is used for treating female problems. It strengthens the reproductive organs, helps with menopause, balances female hormones, strengthens the ovum, and helps with impotency in both men and women. Damiana can be used as a laxative for children, and helps to relieve symptoms of colds and the flu. It is also a stimulant for the central nervous system.
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)- Alterative, anti-rheumatic, aperient, bitter, blood purifier, calcium solvent, cholagogue, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, galactagogue, hepatic, intoxicant, laxative, nutritive, stimulant, stomachic, general tonic. Dandelions Latin name, Taraxacum, comes from the Greek word taraxos, meaning disorder remedy. It is rich in potassium, improves overall health, and increases mobility. This herb is known for inducing the flow of bile from the liver, reduces serum cholesterol and uric acid content in the body. European herbalists use the juice of the Dandelion root to treat liver diseases and diabetes, as well as to build up the blood in cases of anemia. Dandelion greens contain seven-thousand units of vitamin A per ounce, making it one of the best herbs possible for anything related to the skin and connective tissues. Its high content of potassium is coupled with a high organic sodium content, making it a balancer of electrolytes in the body. Dandelion juice has been used to treat warts, acne, blisters and corns. When eaten, it even improves the enamel of the teeth. The Chinese use the seeds as an antibiotic in the case of lung infections, and the main chemical in Dandelion known as Inulin is currently being studies for its strengthening effects on the kidneys.
Dead Sea Salts- Salts from the Dead Sea have been legendary for centuries for their therapeutic and beatifying properties on the skin. Nothing like regular sea salt, Dead Sea salts are comprised of a wide variety of minerals which are present in a high concentration. Whereas regular sea salts is made up of over 90% sodium, salt from the Dead Sea is only about 10% sodium and the rest is made of minerals which are essential for the proper function and health of skin. Such minerals include Magnesium, Potassium, Bromine and Calcium to name a few . Sprains, bruises, muscle injuries, swelling, back aches, and nervous tension are all relieved by the healing minerals in Dead Sea salts.
Unlike regular salt, Dead Sea salt is not edible and tastes bitter to the taste primarily because of the low sodium content and the high presence of so many other minerals. This fact however gives it the therapeutic properties that have been raved about for centuries. The minerals present in the salt are also naturally present within skin cells but commonly get depleted which can cause severe dryness, wrinkle development and dull looking skin. When Dead Sea bath salts or products made with minerals extracted from the salt are used, the feed those essential minerals back into the skin cells improving the overall health and vitality of the skin.
Because of this rich presence of so many essential minerals, people from all over the world travel to the Dead Sea to get relief from their skin ailments such as Psoriasis, Eczema and more. There are many spas and skin therapy centers located on the shores of the sea to take It has been researched and documented that bathing in Dead Sea salts helps relieve skin conditions such as Psoriasis and Eczema, bath salts have become an open secret among sufferers of these conditions, because there is no other natural remedy.
The legend of how well Dead Sea salt works at helping skin look and feel younger, smoother as well as provide relaxation and skin ailment therapy dates back many thousands of years. For instance, over 2000 years ago - the Jewish Roman historian Flavius wrote the following about peoples experience with Dead Sea bath salt: The Dead Sea can not be praised too highly travelers take as much of this salt as they are able to home with them because it heals the human body and is therefore used in many medicines.
Cleopatra, the queen of ancient beauty was legendary for her magically youthful looks throughout her whole life, even as she got older. The real secret to the beauty of her silky skin was the anti aging effect of bath salts, mud and cosmetics made with Dead Sea salt - which was gathered for her at the factories she had built on the shores of the sea. The ruins of those factories can still be seen today at Erin Brooke and Erin Geed and they stand as testimonials to the ageless beauty power of Dead Sea bath salt. This chart outlines the mineral properties of Dead Sea salts.
Mineral Typical Range
Magnesium Chloride (MgCl2) 33.3 31.0 - 35.0
Potassium Chloride (KCl) 24.3 20.0 - 28.0
Sodium Chloride (NaCl) 5.5 3.0 - 8.0
Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) 0.2 0.1 - 0.5
Bromide (Br-) 0.5 0.3 - 0.6
Sulphates (SO4) 0.15 0.05 - 0.2
Insolubles 0.03 0 - 0.3
Water of Crystallization 36.4 32.0 - 40.0
Dead Sea Concentrate- Contains trace minerals from the Dead Sea. Minerals from the Dead Sea, which are intensified in the dried salt compounds, contain a varied source of minerals that have shown promise as detoxifiers and purifiers. Every year thousands of people flock to the Dead Sea to soak in its healing waters.
Decyl Glucoside- Decyl glucoside is a mild, plant derived, biodegradable, natural, and gentle coconut based cleanser. A non-ionic surfactant used in cosmetic formularies including baby shampoo and in products for individuals with sensitive skin.
Devils Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)- Alterative, analgesic, anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, anti-phlogistic, anti-rheumatic, bitter tonic, cholagogue. Devils Claw can be found in the Namibian Steppes, where the natives use it for a wide array of ailments that include gout, arthritis and rheumatism. This herb also aids in liver and gall bladder problems, overcomes/prevents the hardening of the veins and arteries, slows down the aging process, and is a general cleanser for the body and its many systems.
Devils Club (Oplopanax horridum)- Tonic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-rheumatic. Due to its high content of tannins, Devils Claw lowers blood sugar. It is used for diabetes, arthritic and rheumatic conditions, and Chinese qi tonics. It is native to the Pacific Northwest, and has a long history of use among the Tlingit, Shagit and Kwaikiutil peoples. Current research is showing us that Devils Club has antiviral, antifungal, antibiotic and antibacterial properties. The acetylenes found in the inner bark have been shown to be effective against Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and other various bacteria and viruses.
DLimonine- a citrus surfactant for natural cleansing products
Dimethicone-an extremely gentle silicone oil used to create a protective barrier for the skin and prevent ageing and free radical break down in the dermal layer.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate- Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a disodium salt used as a gentle nonionic surfactant.
Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate- Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate is a disodium salt used as a gentle nonionic surfactant. It is safe and gentle and rates zero on the toxicity rating for Skin Deep.
Distillate Waters- Hydrosols are exquisite aromatic waters derived from fruits, herbs, plants, and flowers that have been distilled to produce essential oils. They are hydrating, nurturing, healing, protective, cleansing, and restorative to the skin when applied topically.
Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis)- Alterative, analgesic, anti-spasmodic, bitter, blood tonic, diuretic, emmenagogue, hormonal-female, laxative, oxytocic, sedative, uterine tonic. Dong Quai has been in recorded use since 588 B.C. for dysmenorrhea. Its principal use is for issues concerning women, especially ailments affecting the smooth muscles of the uterus and female organs in general. Dong Quai has antibiotic effects on bacteria such as E. coli and Streptococcus. It is a general circulatory aid, balances female hormones, purifies the blood, relieves tinnitus, blurred vision and palpitations, and calms the nerves. It enhances the effects of vitamin E, regulates menses, builds blood, helps to overcome constipation, and rebuilds the lymphatic system.
Echinacea Root (Echinacea purpurea)- Alterative, antibiotic, antiseptic, antiviral, carminative, depurative, diaphoretic, immunostimulant, mucilant, sialagogue, stimulant, vulnerary. Echinacea, also known as the King of Blood Purifiers, has been found to be good for enlargement and weakness of the prostate gland. It strengthens the immune system by way of its polysaccharides, fatty acids and glycosides, is useful in cases of toxemia and ulcerative colitis and, true to its name, is a very well known blood purifier. Echinacea cleanses the lymphatic system, increases resistance to various infections such as bronchitis, and is helpful for treating cellular abscesses. Within the last twenty years extensive research has been done showing that Echinacea has an antibiotic cortisone-like property, and assists in the healing of the synovial membrane, supports collagen through hyaluronic acid protection, promotes wound healing, stimulates T-cell lymphocytes and suppresses tumors. Echinacea is a powerful anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and anti viral, and is used by many to treat colds, the flu, and many other infections. This is because it blocks the receptor site of any particular virus on the surface of the cell membrane, therefore preventing the cell from becoming infected.
Elder Flower (Sambucus spp.)- Alterative, anti-inflammatory, bitter, detoxicant, diaphoretic (mild), laxative. Seventeenth Century herbalist John Evelyn called Elder Flower the remedy against all infirmities what-so-ever. The wood of Christs cross was from the Elder Flower tree. Elder Flower promotes sweating, making it useful for bronchitis and other ailments of that sort. It has been used for generations as a folk remedy for the flu, coughs and colds, and is known to reduce fever, purify the blood and cleanse the body at a cellular level. This herb is also an anti-inflammatory, and can be used as a sedative to help relieve pain.
Elecampane (Inula helenium)- Anti-emetic, anti-septic, astringent, bitter, blood builder, carminative, diaphoretic (mild), diuretic, expectorant, parasiticide, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge, vermicide. Let no day pass without eating some of the roots of Elecampane to help digestion, to expel melancholy, and to cause mirth. These are the words of Roman scholar Pliny, and are a testament to how dutifully the Romans chose Elecampane as a cure for post banquet indigestion. The American Indians used the herb for bronchial and other lung problems. It is used widely among herbalists to treat chest congestion, and controls excessive coughing, mucus discharge, respiratory tract inflammation, urinary problems, and menstrual complaints. Elecampane can be used internally to rid the body of intestinal worms, can be applied externally to treat skin problems, lessen tooth decay, improve assimilation and relieve water retention.
Eleuthero (Eleutherococcus senticosus)- Adaptogen, immunostimulant. Eleuthero has been used in China for thousands of years as a way to invigorate the qi, or vital energy with the body. Also known as Siberian Ginseng, it grows in eastern Russia, Hokkaido, northeast China and Korea. It is used to normalized body functions, promote appetite, restore vigor, and to prevent disease and bodily malfunction in general. In human studies Eleuthero has been successfully used to treat bone marrow suppression, angina, headache, insomnia and poor digestion. It is an anti-inflammatory herb, antioxidant, and nervine/immune tonic.
Essential Oils- see essential oils section for more specific information regarding each oil. Essential oils not only have therapeutic fragrances, but also contain countless varied compounds that facilitate healing and renewal for the skin and body. Pure food grade essential oils are used in many alternative healing traditions and have been for millennia.
Ethylhexyl Glycerin- This is a natural and gentle preservative derived from glycerin and used in various skin, hair, and body care formulations.
Evening Primrose Oil-Oenothera Biennis- Emollient; skin conditioner; botanical. Has been used as a base builder for natural estrogen production in the body. It is also a light, non-oily moisturizer. Acne, eczema, psoriasis and other skin maladies will benefit form this oil. Evening Primrose Seed Oil is pressed the seeds of the Evening Primrose plant, Oenothera Biennis . The yellow flowers only open in the evening, hence their common name. Evening Primrose is a common wildflower found in North America, Europe, and parts of Asia . This plant was used by Native Americans and early settlers as a nutritional support and to treat against conditions such as sore throats, stomachaches, hemorrhoids, and bruises. Evening Primrose has also been used medicinally in Europe since the seventeenth century. Over the last 20 years, this oil has once again become popular for its medicinal properties, and is now a common dietary supplement.
With the popularity of anti-fat diets and trends, many people are under the incorrect impression that all fats are bad, and that they should be avoided. However, this is a falsehood, and the truth is that some fats are necessary and vital for our health. Essential Fatty Acids support our physiological functions, and are essential for the health of our skin and overall health. Essential Fatty Acids cannot be produced by our own bodies, and instead must be obtained from dietary sources. Evening Primrose Seed Oil is a rich source of gamma linoleic acid, an Omega 6 fatty acid that is needed for our cardiovascular, immune, nervous, and reproductive systems, and to maintain healthy cells and body functions. In addition, Evening Primrose Seed Oil has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects and may also act as a blood thinner and blood vessel dilator.
Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis)- Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, bitter, tonic. The origin of the name Eyebright comes from the Greed word Euphrosyne, meaning gladness. In Paradise Lost, Milton relates that Michael the Archangel used Eyebright to cure Adam of the eye infliction he suffered from eating the forbidden fruit. Eyebright is used for problems relating to mucous membranes, and is quite effective in treating chronic and acute inflammations of the eye. When the oil of eyebright is applied directly to the eyeball it is activated by sunlight and begins to strengthen and sooth the cornea, ciliary muscle, ligaments, lens, retina, iris, and optic nerves. This results in improved eyesight and has even been proven to both retard and reverse cataracts. Aside from benefiting the eyes, Eyebright is also a blood cleanser and liver stimulant.
False Unicorn (Chamaeleirium luteum)- Diuretic, emetic, emmenagogue, hormonal, parasiticide, stimulant, tonic, uterine tonic. The Native Americans chewed False Unicorn when pregnant in order to prevent miscarriage. This herb helps to ease nausea during morning sickness and has also been used in cases of infertility. If one desires to normalize the system after years of using birth control, False Unicorn is a wise choice. It stimulates ovarian hormones and is helpful for women in early menopause or after a hysterectomy. False Unicorn can be used for impotency and prostate problems in men, strengthens the reproductive and urinary organs, normalizes delayed or absent menses, and rids the intestines of parasites such as worms.
Flax oil-Linum Usitatissimum- From linseed oil; botanical; emollient. Natures riches plant source of Omega-3EFA (alpha-linolenic acid) at approximately 54%. Omega-EFA is beneficial for dry skin and tissue inflammations.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)- Antacid, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, galactagogue, parasiticide, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Hypocrites and Dioscorides recommended Fennel for promoting milk production in lactating women. British herbalist Culpeper used Fennel to break up kidney stones. It improves digestion, quiets hiccups, prevents nausea, and helps eliminate gout by breaking up uric acid in the tissues. Fennel works as an antidote to poisonous mushrooms and helps clear mucus from the liver and lungs. It is rich in vitamin A, therefore improving vision, skin quality, etc. Fennel can be taken to expel worms from the intestines, eliminate intestinal gas, reduce inflammation, rid the intestinal tract of mucus, reduce weight, and cleanse the gall bladder and liver.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)- Alterative, aphrodisiac, aromatic, astringent, carminative, demulcent, emollient, expectorant, galactagogue, hormonal, laxative (bulk), mucilant, nutritive, parasiticide, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Fenugreek is currently being used in the Middle East to treat diabetes. It has been shown that Fenugreek softens and dissolves hardened masses of accumulated mucus, soothes the mucus membranes in the lungs and gastrointestinal tract, treats lung infections, and has been used to help prevent pregnancies. Fenugreek is beneficial for treating skin problems, boils, inflammation, abscesses and wounds due to its strong drawing power. It can also be used in place of cod liver oil to treat rickets, anemia and scrofula.
Feverfew (Chrysanthemum parthenium)- Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antipyretic, aperient, aromatic, bitter, carminative, emmenagogue, nervine, parasiticide, stimulant, tonic, vasodilator. Feverfew has been used since the Middle Ages to reduce fever. Dioscorides used Feverfew in childbirth if contractions were not regular. Feverfew is a good pain reliever, and was recommended by Dioscorides for all inflammations and hot swellings. In experimental studies, it has been shown that Feverfew is more effective than aspirin in inhibiting inflammation and fever than aspirin. Scientists have determined that Feverfew inhibits the production of prostaglandins. These constrict and dilate cerebral blood vessels, which leads to a migraine. With the use of Feverfew, this will not happen. Feverfew also aids the body in healing itself, and has been used to restore normal liver function.
Fringe Tree (Chionanthus virginica)- Native Americans used a poultice of Fringe Tree bark to heal wounds. In frontier medicine it was used to treat liver diseases and gall bladder ailments. Fringe Tree is an effective yet gentle laxative, stimulates the appetite and increases gastric secretion.
Kosher Vegetable Glycerin- A natural humectant and affordable moisturizer. Vegetable based.
Garlic (Allium sativum)- Alterative, anti-bacterial, anti-biotic, anti-catarrhal, anti-fungal, anti-pyretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, anti-viral, aromatic, carminative, cholagogue, depurant, diaphoretic, digestant, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, fungicide, hypertensive, hypotensive, immuno-stimulant, nervine, parasiticide, prophylactic, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vulnerary. During the plague in Europe people ate garlic daily as a preventative measure. Garlic is a powerful antibiotic, but doesn't ravage the body the way synthetic antibiotics do. Due to its high content of thiamine, Garlic is good for preventing mosquito bites. It can be used to fight infections of all kinds, speed up wound healing, strengthen the immune system, reduce blood cholesterol and prevent narrowing of the arteries. It has been determined that the strong smell garlic emits is due to allicin, a Sulphur containing amino acid. Although it is possible to remove the allicin, it is popular opinion that garlic owes its anti fungal and other medicinal properties to allicin. Planting garlic in ones garden is a good way to discourage insects from eating ones produce. Loma Linda University researchers have found compounds in garlic that kills aflatoxin by activating certain enzymes in the liver. Garlic stimulates the lymphatic system, relieves pain from insect bites, rids the bowels of parasites, controls fevers and combats viruses, cleans the blood, and is used in India to cleans wounds and ulcers. Garlic improves circulation, inhibits the activities of the parasitic fungus responsible for AIDS, and is an antioxidant, anti-tumor agent, anti-stress agent and a liver protector. Paavo Airola described Garlic as the King of the Vegetable Kingdom.
Gentian (Gentiana lutea)- Alterative, anti-bilious, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, antiseptic, bitter, cholagogue, digestant, laxative (mild), parasiticide, sialagogue, gastric stimulant, stomachic, tonic. The herb Gentian was named after Gentius, King of Illyria. It is believed that he was the first to discover the medicinal value of this particular plant. In Appalachia people carry a piece of Gentian root to aid in physical strength and energy, as well as to build the blood. The Romans used Gentian as a bitter digestive tonic, and Father Kneipp, a nineteenth century German healer, is quoted from his journals as saying If the food is felt to be heavy in the stomach, and is troublesome, a little cordial made with a teaspoonful of Gentian extract in a half glass of water will soon stop the disorder. This herb is good for treating anorexia because it stimulates appetite. It has a normalizing effect on the thyroid gland, cleanses the colon, helps the female organs, and is generally strengthening to the whole body.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)- Analgesic, antacid, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, aperitive, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, rubefacient, sialagogue, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Ginger was introduced to the Americas in the sixteenth century by the strongiards. It became so popular among the Europeans that in 1884 Britain imported over five-million pounds. Researchers at Cornell University have found that Ginger might help prevent strokes and hardening of the arteries. It thins the blood and lowers blood cholesterol. It soothes the stomach, helps clear the lungs and chest, stimulates the kidneys, reduces migraines, combats nausea and motion sickness, and relieves cramps during menses.
Gingko (Gingko biloba)- Adaptogen, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anti-tussive, astringent, bitter, expectorant, nervine, parasiticide, sedative, circulatory stimulant, vaso-dilator. The Gingko biloba tree is known to be the oldest species of tree in the world. They have been known to live an average of one-thousand years, and were the only trees to survive the Hiroshima bombing. Gingko is a longevity herb. It increases blood flow, helps with memory loss, reduces blood cell clumping, prevents strokes, and helps with Tinnitus. Ginkgo biloba helps to prevent macular degeneration, oxygenates cells, and strengthens the vascular system.
Globularia Cordifolia Callus Culture Extract-This extract is derived from Globularia Cordifolia, a plant native to the mountains of central and southern Europe, and grown via plant stem cells. A New Technology Award nominee, this active ingredient helps skin to naturally decrease the level of pro-aging agents while reducing toxin-induced micro inflammations. This French developed constituent also works to soothe the skin, reduce redness, and improve evenness.
Glyceryl Caprylate (Natural Preservative)- An emollient found naturally in cows milk, goats milk, palm oil and coconut oil. An oil liquid used as a natural preservative.
Glyceryl Stearate- This is a thickening agent that helps give products a luminescent or opalescent appearance. A large group of ingredients that are composed of fats and oils. At room temperature, the fats are usually solid and the oils are generally liquid. Some tropical oils are liquids in their sites of origin and become solids in cooler or different applications. These multitudinous fats and oils are used in cosmetics as emollients and lubricants as well as water-binding and thickening agents.
Glyceryl Undecylenate- A natural preservative/fungicide derived from Castor Oil.
Golden rod (Solidago canadensis)- Anti-catarrhal, anti-inflammatory, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic. Golden rod is most effective for ailments of the upper respiratory area, such as congestion. It is also used to promote the healing of various types of wounds, as well as kidney problems such as dark cloudy urine or kidney stones, and is effective against diarrhea and intestinal hemorrhages.
Golden Seal (Hydrastis canadensis)- Alterative, antacid, anti-bilious, anti-bacterial, antibiotic, anti-catarrhal, anti-periodic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti-syphilitic, aperitive, astringent, bitter, cholagogue, depurant, diuretic, emmenagogue, hemostatic, hepatic, laxative, nervine, ophthalmic, pectoral, prophylactic, immuno-stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Golden Seal, or King of the Mucous Membranes, is used to treat congestion and chronic inflammation of the respiratory and urogenital tracts, chronic gastritis and enteritis, catarrhal affliction of the nose, eye inflammation, and inflammation of the female sexual organs. Golden Seal was first introduced to the Europeans by the Cherokee people, who used it to treat ulcers and arrow wounds. This herb is good for treating various feminine problems such as profuse menstruation and uterine hemorrhaging. It increases blood supply to the spleen, treats cracks in the skin and fissures in the nipples, stimulates the bowels, is an antiseptic, strengthens the immune system, relieves mouth sores, and cures ring worm. Golden Seal also contains the natural anti-biotic known as Berberine which is useful in treating mouth and gum problems.
Gotu Kola (Hydrocotyle asiatica)- Adaptogenic, alterative, anti-pyretic, anti-spasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, blood purifier, diuretic, nervine, sedative, stimulant, brain tonic. Gotu Kola is popular among many people for enhancing brain function and improving memory. It purifies the blood, balances hormones and the nervous system, and helps with menopausal problems in women. There is a Sinhalese proverb which says Two leaves a day keep old age away, referring to Gotu Kolas reputation as a longevity herb. Gotu Kola stimulates the brain while calming it at the same time. It has been used as a blood cleanser for skin diseases, and in the Far East has been employed for leprosy and tuberculosis.
Grapefruit Seed Extract-Citrus Grandis- Antioxidant; botanical. Sometimes known as culturicidal. It has proved to have some antibacterial properties. Extracted from the seeds of grapefruits.
Grapeseed oil-Vitis Vinifera- Our Grapeseed oil is truly superb in every regard. It has a mild green color with a pleasant odor, superb taste, and great absorption rate. Generally employed as a base oil for many creams, lotions and as a general carrier oil; this Grapeseed oil can also be employed as a delicious salad dressing or cooking oil. Grapeseed is especially useful for skin types that do not absorb oils too well, and it does not leave a greasy feeling. Wonderful for those with skin sensitivities because of its natural non-allergenic properties. Antioxidant; carrier; emollient; moisturizer. Contains natural Vitamin E and is good in massage oils. Has a high linoleic acid content. An amazing anti-oxidant, for anti-aging benefits. One of the most nutritive oils known to man.
Green Tea (Thea cinensis, Camellia sinensis)- Stimulant, diuretic, astringent. The tannins in Green Tea have been found to contain anti-tumor properties. Because of its high antioxidant content it is useful in preventing aging. Green Tea is also good for treating diarrhea, and has been used historically as a mental stimulant when one desires good thought and conversation. Green Tea stabilizes blood lipids, stimulates immune functions, prevents plaque build up on the teeth, and reduces mental fatigue. It is also useful in treating high cholesterol and hypertension.
Green Tea-Camellia Sinensis- Anti-aging; anti-inflammatory; anti-irritant. A great source of Polyphenols. Contains catechins that are potent anti-oxidants.
Grindelia (Grindelia spp.)- Anti-spasmodic, expectorant, hypotensive. Although Grindelia is not a thoroughly-studied herb, what is known is that it is effective in treating poison ivy rashes by reducing the itching and swelling. It also soothes the smooth muscles of the heart, and has been used in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, upper respiratory catarrh and hay fever.
Hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha)- Anti-spasmodic, astringent, cardiac, digestant, diuretic, emmenagogue, hypertensive, hypotensive, sedative, cardiac-tonic, tonic. Hawthorn increases oxygen utilization by the heart, increases enzyme metabolism in the heart muscle, is a mild dilator of coronary vessels and lowers blood pressure. This herb is primarily used as a cardiac tonic, benefiting every condition from angina pectoris to heart murmurs. Hawthorn also relieves insomnia and restlessness.
Hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha)- Anti-spasmodic, astringent, cardiac, digestant, diuretic, emmenagogue, hypertensive, hypotensive, sedative, cardiac-tonic, tonic. Hawthorn increases oxygen utilization by the heart, increases enzyme metabolism in the heart muscle, is a mild dilator of coronary vessels and lowers blood pressure. This herb is primarily used as a cardiac tonic, benefiting every condition from angina pectoris to heart murmurs. Hawthorn also relieves insomnia and restlessness.
Hibiscus Fibers-Hibiscus Sabdraffia- A vibrant fuschia plant material wonderful for scrubs and masques and exfoliating washes. High in antioxidants and very gentle on the skin.
Hemp Oil-Cannabis Sativa Oil- Emollient; moisturizer; vegetable oil. Hemp seed oil is considered an ideal companion to Flax Seed oil. It is a natural emollient with a shady but interesting past.
Haematococcus Pluvialis Extract (Astaxanthin) in known as the King of Carotenoids. Derived naturally from fired up micro algae, Astaxanthin is 600 times more effective at antioxidant activity and skin repair than vitamin c. Astaxanthin also creates a natural sun protection factor in the dermal layers that allows for sun exposure minus the inherent inflammation and collagen breakdown which normally occurs. Astaxanthin repairs collagen production, removes aging free radical damage, eliminates the source of aging which is inflammation, and restores skin to elastic, bright, pimple and wrinkle free tones and textures. Studies performed with Astaxanthin and skin health and repair show an immediate improvement in skin tone, elasticity and firmness upon its introduction. Use it. Your natural beauty will come forth…which is what we all intend when it comes to skin health and personal care. Astaxanthin is bright orange in color. Suggested use is from 0.01% up to 1%.
Hazelnut Oil- This oil can be used to create a slew of formulas for sensitive and irritated oily skin. It can be added into serums, lotions, creams, and masks. It is a wonderful oil for massage creams, lotions and oil blends because of its silky dry finish. Customers appreciate the non messy non greasy aftermath when a massage is performed utilizing this oil. Hazelnut has been called the "pore-reducing" oil and "acne-fighting" oil because of its unique properties. A high content of catechins and tannins (healthy flavonoids) make this oil a "dry" or "astringent" oil that feels smooth and toning on the skin. The astringent properties help absorb oils and shrink pores, while the antibacterial components go to work battling skin bacteria to reduce blackheads and pimples.
Other benefits include: • Hydrating: Even though the oil helps absorb and balance sebum (skin oil), it also has a lot of natural fats that help moisturize and condition skin, leaving it soft and plump, while helping to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Yet it never feels greasy. • UV protection: Hazelnut oil is one of those natural oils that offer a mild protection from damaging UV rays. You still need hats and sunscreen, but hazelnut provides additional protection. You may find that some natural-based sunscreens contain hazelnut oil. If you want to make your own sunscreen, you can mix hazelnut, sesame, avocado, and walnut oil together. • Antioxidant protection: You may have read about how some ingredients in our over-the-counter sunscreens can actually activate free radical damage when they come into contact with the sun. Wearing natural antioxidants like hazelnut oil can give your skin the extra protection it needs to make sunscreen even more effective. • Color-retaining: Hazelnut has been used in many hair care formulas to help preserve color for a longer period of time. The oil also helps strengthen and condition the hair strands, so they can recover from chemical treatments. • Gentle: Hazelnut is perfect for sensitive skin, as it is a gentle oil that is unlikely to irritate. • Rejuvenating: Because of all the nutrients, flavonoids, and antioxidants, hazelnut has a rejuvenating effect on skin cells. Over time, regular use will have an anti-aging effect, helping skin to appear more youthful and vibrant.
Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum)- Adaptogen, astringent, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory. Holy Basil is a popular herb used in Ayurvedic medicine, and the leaves have been ground up for centuries and stored in grain to keep insects away. It is employed for such things as colds, headaches, stomach disorders, heart disease, malaria, various types of poisonings, and inflammation. The essential oil of Holy Basil is often used in skin care products due to its anti-bacterial properties.
Honey-Mel- Emollient- humectant; skin conditioner; hair conditioner. Honey is composed of several sugars and other substances, including malic, formic, citric, and lactic acids as well as enzymes and amino acids. A highly complex substance.
Hops (Humulus lupulus)- Anodyne, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, bitter, calmative, carminative, cholagogue, diuretic, febrifuge, nervine, parasiticide, sedative, soporific, stomachic, tonic. Hops are probably most well known for their use in the brewing of beer. Hops have been used to help induce sleep, prevent nightmares and calm the nerves by filling a muslin pillow with it. It increases bile secretion, tones the liver and gallbladder, reduces fevers, relieves pain and has even been used for jaundice. Hops are good for soothing inflammations, including boils, and relieve the pain of sciatica and other rheumatic pains. The muscles of the stomach become toned from the use of hops, and it is a useful herb when one wants to sooth the pain of a toothache or to prevent infections.
Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)- Anti-inflammatory, anti-tussive, aromatic, bitter, diaphoretic, diuretic-mild, expectorant, laxative, parasiticide (large doses), stimulant, stomachic, tonic. In Victorian times Horehound candies and soothing syrups used to be a favorite among children for soothing sore throats and congested lungs. Horehound helps to expel mucous from the respiratory bronchial system, sustains the vocal chords, helps to heal some external wounds, and promotes healthy bile secretion. Peculiar ailments of the stomach can be treated with Horehound. It can also be used for skin dermatitis conditions, and to remove obstructions from the liver and spleen.
Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)- Tonic, narcotic, febrifuge. The bark of Horse Chestnut is used for fevers and externally to treat ulcers and sores. The fruit of this herb is used for rectal problems, such as hemorrhoids, as well as ailments having to do with rheumatism and neuralgia. The tannins, flavonoids and saponins in Horse Chestnut tone and strengthen the vein walls. Horse Chestnut can also be used to treat prostatic enlargement.
Horseradish (Cochlearia armoracia)- Antibiotic, antiseptic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, laxative (mild), parasiticide, rubefacient, sialagogue, stimulant, stomachic. Horseradish has been used to clean the sinuses, and its vapor inhibits microorganisms. Internally it is a stimulant for digestion and a diuretic, and can be used for fevers and chronic rheumatism. It also cleanses the liver and spleen, and can be applied externally to sooth tight muscles and neck pain. Horseradish also rids the body of parasites.
Horsetail (Equisetum arvense)- Astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue (mild), galactagogue, hemostatic, lithotriptic, nutritive, parasiticide, vulnerary. Horsetail is a strong astringent, making it effective in the treatment of both internal and external wounds. It has been used for centuries as a diuretic to aid in kidney infections, dropsy, and gravel, as well as a wash for swollen eyelids. Horsetail is a perfect herb to combat aging due to its high content of silica. It strengthens the fingernails and hair, keeps the muscles and skin supple, and helps to facilitate the use of calcium in the body. Horsetail also kills parasite eggs, dissolves tumors, shrinks inflamed mucosal tissue, stimulates urine flow, and aids in circulation. It speeds up the recovery process in the case of broken bones, reduces menstrual bleeding, and has been used historically for the treatment of diabetes.
Hyaluronic Acid- Hyaluronic Acid is one of the most exciting ingredients on the market today. It was discovered by Karl Meyer in 1934 and has been successfully used in personal care and wound healing. Until the 1990s the only method of producing hyaluronic acid was extracting it from rooster combs. Currently there are two forms of hyaluronic acid on the market; one derived from rooster comb and the other derived by the fermentation of yeast. Our lab only carries the 100% vegan approved material.
Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the extracellular matrix of human tissue. Topically applied hyaluronic acid forms an air permeable layer and penetrates into the dermis, thus boosting the elasticity and hydration of the skin. The protective breathable barrier on the skin locks in moisture which gives the skin a youthful appearance. The cuticle layer of the skin normally contains 10-20% water, however as we age it can drop to below 10%. Hyaluronic acid comes to the rescue with its unique ability to hold more than 1000 times its weight in water, which is a key factor in allowing the skin to retain more water. Amazingly, hyaluronic acid adjusts its moisture absorption based on the relative humidity in the air. It is the ideal ingredient in skin care products as it adjusts to the skins need for a moisturizing effect depending on the relative humidity of seasons and climate of an area. Hyaluronic acid also protects the epidermis by scavenging reactive oxygen species generated by ultra violet light which would normally cause sunspots.
Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens)- Anti-lithic, bitter, calcium solvent, cathartic, diuretic, lithotriptic, tonic. Hydrangea removes bladder stones, backache due to kidney trouble, cleanses the blood, and prevents the formation of gravel in the kidneys. It is helpful for children who wet the bed, prostate infection and inflammation, bladder infections, and arthritic swelling.
Hydrogenated Castor Oil- A natural source oil from Castor beans. A hard and shiny oil found in most cosmetics that acts as a barrier agent and protective medium against harsh conditions and extremes. Very soothing to the skin when included into cosmetic applications.This oil is rich in fatty acids, and very soothing and lubricating to the skin. It acts as a humectant, attracting moisture to the skin. By itself, it would make a very soft bar but in combination with other oils, it makes a nice emollient bar of soap. Makes a great super fatting agent.
Hydrolyzed Quinoa- A high amino acid content vegetarian protein coming from the wild Andes mountains in Peru. The protein binds to the hair shaft for superb hair restructuring with a clean green footprint. Contains a low molecular weight.
Hydroxyethylcellulose- A plant-derived thickening agent typically used as a binding agent or emulsifier. Also used (most often in styling products) as a film-forming agent.
Hydroxyethyl Cellulose-Hydroxyethyl Cellulose is primarily used as a gelling and thickening agent in cosmetics, personal skin care, and hair care products. Derived from the organic compound cellulose, this non-ionic, water soluble polymer improves the effectiveness of cleaning and care products by helping them dissolve into water.
Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose- A plant-derived thickening agent typically used as a binding agent or emulsifier. Also used (most often in styling products) as a film-forming agent.
Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate- a corn starch. Hydroxypropyl corn starch phosphate is used as a hydrocolloid for improved availability of active ingredients in cosmetic or dermatological compositions.
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)- Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antiviral, aromatic, carminative, cathartic, diaphoretic, expectorant, hepatic, nervine, parasiticide, pectoral, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vulnerary. The word hyssop is of Greek origin and means holy herb. Psalms 51:7 says: Purge me with Hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me and I shall be whiter than snow. In the seventh century it was strewn about the floors in sick rooms and used to improve the smell of kitchens. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was used to reduce sweating and to cure jaundice and dropsy. Hyssop is a good blood regulator, and is used primarily in the treatment of various throat afflictions. It strengthens the immune system, benefits the mucous lining of the bowels and stomach, builds resistance to infectious diseases, treats inflammation of the breast and clears away excess mucous from the intestinal tract.
Inulin Lauryl Carbamate- Inulin lauryl carbamate is a natural stabilizer and emulsifier derived from chicory, that keeps our oil in water or our water in oil lotions and creams consistent and smooth.
Isononyl Isononanoate- a zero toxicity organic emulsifier for gentle skin conditioning and no irritation. Isononyl Isononanoate is the ester of a branched chain nonyl alcohol with a branched chainnonanoic acid.
Isopropyl Palmitate-Palm Oil- This organic Palm Kernel Oil is pressed from the fruit kernels of the palm tree Elaeis guineensis.It is most commonly found in handmade soap to increase its lather and hardness. It may also be used in a multitude of other cosmetic and body care products for its moisturizing properties. Palm oil can be used in lotions, cremes, balms, body butters and stick formulations where a thicker product is desired. When used in cold process soap making, it makes a nice hard bar when used in combination with other oils such as coconut and olive oil. It saponifies easily and pulls other oils into saponification quicker.
Jamaican Dogwood (Piscidia piscipula)- The West Indians use Jamaican Dogwood when they want to catch fish. They simply fill an open container with its branches, and as fish pass through the water that is now rich with isoflavones from the Dogwood, they fall asleep, making it easy to catch them. Jamaican Dogwood is a powerful sedative, and its main use is to treat insomnia. It is also a powerful remedy for migraines, neuralgia, and ovarian and uterine pains.
Jambul (Syzygium cumini)- Jambul is native to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Indonesia. In Ayurveda the herb is used to treat diabetes, and in Chinese medicine for digestive ailments. According to the Hindu tradition, Rama ate only Jambul fruit during his fourteen year exile from Ayodhya. Jambul controls gingivitis and blood pressure, is very high in vitamins A and C and the fruit is sometimes used to make wine or vinegar.
Jojoba Beads- gentle jojoba wax beads in various colors exfoliate without scratching.
Jojoba Esters- An emulsifier from jojoba fats and waxes for binding and holding formulations together naturally. One of the primary elements in keeping skin healthy is making sure the structure of the epidermis (outer layer of skin) is intact. The components that do this are often called natural moisturizing factor. These are ingredients that mimic the structure and function of healthy skin. Jojoba and Jojoba esters are one of these NMFs. While the oil and fat components of skin prevent evaporation and provide lubrication to the surface of skin, it is actually the intercellular matrix, along with the skins lipid content, that gives skin a good deal of its surface texture and feel.
The intercellular matrix is the skins first line of defense against water loss. When the lipid and NMF content of skin is reduced, we experience surface roughness, flaking, fine lines, and a tight, uncomfortable feeling. The longer the skins surface layer (stratum corneum) is impaired, the less effective the skins intercellular matrix becomes (Sources: Skin Research and Technology, August 2000, pages 128134; and Dermatologic Therapy, 2004, volume 17, Supplement 1, pages 4348). Moreover, the skins healing process is impaired. NMFs make up an expansive group of ingredients that include amino acids, ceramides, hyaluronic acid, cholesterol, fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, glycosphingolipids, urea, linoleic acid, glycosaminoglycans, glycerin, mucopolysaccharide, and sodium PCA (pyrrolidone carboxylic acid). Ingredients that mimic the lipid content of skin include apricot oil, canola oil, coconut oil, corn oil, jojoba oil, jojoba wax, lanolin, lecithin, olive oil, safflower oil, sesame oil, shea butter, soybean oil, squalane, and sweet almond oil, all of which can be extremely helpful in making dry skin look and feel better.
All of the skins supporting NMFs and lipids are present in the intercellular structure of the epidermis, both between skin cells and in the lipid content on the surface of skin. When any of these ingredients are included in skin-care products, they appear to help stabilize and maintain this complex intercellular-skin matrix. More important, all of these ingredients, and many more, help support the intercellular area of the skin by keeping it intact. This support helps prevent surface irritation from penetrating deeper into the skin, helps keep bacteria out, and aids the skins immune/healing system. Using moisturizers of any kind that contain NMFs (whether they are labeled as anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, serums, lotions, or sunscreens) allows your skin to do its job of repairing and regenerating itself without the impedances brought on when skin is suffering from dryness, environmental distress, or excess irritation (Sources: Clinical Geriatric Medicine, February 2002, pages 103120; Progressive Lipid Research, January 2003, pages 136; Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, November 2002, pages 587594; Contact Dermatitis, June 2002, pages 331338; Journal of Investigative Dermatology, May 1996, pages 10961101; British Journal of Dermatology, November 1995, pages 679685; Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, SeptemberOctober 2004, pages 207213; Free Radical Research, April 2002, pages 471477; and Journal of Lipid Research, May 2002, pages 794804).
Jojoba Oil-Simmondsia Chinensis- Emollient; moisturizer. Very high natural content of Vitamin E. Extremely skin nourishing. Lasts longer in natural state than most oils. Has been credited with skin healing. Provides rapid absorption. Non comedogenic. Mimics skinc natural sebum for superior uptake and absorption.
Juniper (Juniperus spp.,)- Anodyne, anti-fungal, anti-rheumatic, urinary antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, lithotriptic, parasiticide, stimulant, stomachic, digestive, tonic. Juniper berries have a long historical use as a diuretic, and in ancient Europe were believed to ward off the plague by way of their scent. The Native Americans used Juniper to treat various wounds, cure illnesses, relieve arthritis and prevent infection. Due to Junipers antiseptic qualities, is very helpful for conditions such as cystitis. Juniper berries improve digestion and strengthen weak stomachs, dissolves kidney stones and prostate sediment, helps to relieve water retention, cleanses the blood, works to heal insulin deficiency, and promotes the flow of urine. Juniper berries are used in baths to sooth aching muscles, and the oil is used in soaps, massage and bath oils and liniments.
Kaolin- Absorption base; anti-caking; from earth clays. Is a mixture of various aluminum silicates. Has absorption abilities for both water and oil.
Kelp-Macrocystis Pyrifera- Botanical. Sea Kelp is full of trace minerals from the sea. Nutritive value to skin. Has been used in Asia for soothing burns and rashes. Stimulating, revitalizing, and nourishing to the skin due to its sulfur amino acid and iodine content. Kelp has anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties. When harvested correctly it is full of natural vitamins, minerals and enzymes.
Khella (Ammi visnaga)- Relaxant, antispasmodic. Khella relaxes the smooth muscles of the body and relieves spasms of the gallbladder, bile duct and urinary bladder. It aids in the elimination of urinary stones, prevents asthma attacks, relieves menstrual cramps, and has also been used as a means of contraception. The effectiveness of Khella at relieving symptoms of angina has been well-documented since the 1940s, and Ammi majus is cultivated in India for the treatment of blotchy skin.
Kokum Butter-Garcinia Indica- Emollient; moisturizer. Kokum butter is obtained from the fruit of the Indian tree. The butter is extracted from the fruit kernels. Moisturizes skin and helps reduce wrinkles. Reduces degeneration of the skin cells and restores flexibility.
Kola Nut (Cola acuminata, Cola nitida)- Stimulant, diuretic, cardiac tonic, anti-depressive, astringent. The Kola Nut is a well known stimulant; its active ingredient is caffeine. It is used for treating both depression and fatigue, but it is worth noting that its effects on these conditions are purely symptomatic. Apart from being used as a stimulant, it is also used for its taste and color in soft drinks.
Kukui Nut oil-Aleurites Molaccana- Kukui Nut Oil has been used for many years in Hawaii , and has only recently become known to the rest of the world. It is prized for its rejuvenating and soothing effects upon the skin, without leaving a greasy or oily film. Pressed from the seeds of the Aleurites moluccana tree, Kukui Nut Oil is invaluable for many different skin conditions, providing moisture and nourishment to dry, mature, and damaged skin.
The Kukui Nut tree was first brought to Hawaii by early Polynesian settlers. It quickly adapted, and is now Hawaii s official state tree. Kukui means enlightenment in Hawaiian. Traditionally, babies in Hawaii were anointed with Kukui Nut Oil to protect their skin from the sun, salt, and other elements. In addition, it was used on skin irritations, wounds, and burns. Kukui Nut Oil was also used to massage members of royalty, who were sometimes massaged for seven or more hours with this oil!
Kukui Nut Oil is a fabulous moisturizer, and quickly penetrates the skin leaving a silky-smooth non-greasy feeling. It is often used for dry or damaged skin, immediately relieving symptoms because of its quick absorption into the skin. It can leave even the roughest and driest skin feeling smooth, soft, and hydrated. Kukui Nut Oil contains Vitamins A, C, and E, providing anti-oxidants that help to protect the skin. This unique oil is able to penetrate into the deepest skin layers, while creating a protective shield that locks in moisture. Kukui Nut Oil is great for those with sensitive skin, and is a wonderful ingredient to add to your body care products. Specifically, it is beneficial for the following conditions:
Burns including: sunburn, windburn, radiation burns, and heat induced burns.
o Chapped skin
o Mature and prematurely aged skin
o Dry skin conditions
o Dry hair and scalp
Kukui Nut Oil is an excellent oil to add to your bodycare products, especially your creams, lotions, and massage oils. Simply add Kukui Nut Oil once that your product no longer needs to be heated, and do not expose it to high temperatures. You can also use it for an oil treatment on dry hair and scalp, or add a few drops to your bath water for a luxurious treat. Emollient; moisturizer; vegetable oil. Prized as a very emollient oil from Polynesia. Hawaiians used it to soothe burns, cuts and to protect skin from irritations. Has shown some effectiveness in soothing psoriasis and eczema as it does not leave an oily after residue. High linoleic and linolenic acid content.
Lavender (Lavandula vera, Lavandula officinalis)- Aromatic, carminative, nervine, antiseptic. When applied externally, Lavender oil stimulates sore and exhausted muscles, and soothes sprains, strains and stiff joints. It also stimulates hair growth, especially when combined with Basil oil. It is a restorative and tonic for faintness, weakness, giddiness, spasms, colic and vertigo. It relieves melancholy, helps with memory, fatigue, toothache, rheumatism and neuralgia. Lavender is an antiseptic and helps to heal and treat pimples, wounds, and sores. It also relieves inflammation, helps with loss of voice when used as a gargle, cleanses the skin and reduces oiliness in hair.
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)- Diaphoretic, calmative, antispasmodic, carminative, emmenagogue, stomachic. Lemon Balm is primarily used to treat flavors. Due to its gentleness and pleasant flavor, it is a suitable herb for those who have a hard time with the bitterness of other herbs. Lemon Balm can also be used for an upset stomach and gas, as well as nervous tension and depression. More recently it has been found that Lemon Balm is very effective in relieving symptoms of the herpes simplex virus.
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)- Adaptogen, alterative, anti-inflammatory, aperient, aphrodisiac, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, hormonal-adrenal, hypertensive, laxative (mild), pectoral, sialagogue, stimulant (mild), tonic-glandular, sugar substitute. Alexander the Great supplied his troops with licorice sticks to chew in battle to alleviate their thirst and keep their energy up, helping them to win the battle. Licorice is anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, normalizes ovulation, stimulates the production of interferon, soothes sore throats, and stimulates and sustains adrenal functions. Licorice root helps the body handle stress, raises blood sugar levels to normal, brings up phlegm, and soothes the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract.
Linden (Tilia platyphyllos)- Nervine, hypotensive, calming tonic. Linden flowers have been described as the perfect at-home remedy for influenzas, colds, headaches and menstrual discomfort. It has a pleasant aroma and taste, and is used as a popular herbal beverage in Europe second only to Chamomile, and has been shown to be ten times more effective at treating influenza than conventional methods.
Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)- Analgesic, anodyne, anti-spasmodic, astringent, cathartic, counter-irritant, decongestant, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, emmenagogue, expectorant, nervine, sedative. Lobelia is used medically in the treatment of bronchitis and asthma, and is an important ingredient in anti-smoking preparations. It is an appetite suppressant, flushes poisons from the stomach and bowels, has been used as a muscle relaxant during childbirth, heals abscesses, removes congestion from the blood vessels, and is a nervous system relaxant. Lobelia is also very soothing for inflammations, boils and rheumatism.
Lomatium (Lomatium dissectum)- Anti-viral, anti-bacterial.Lomatium is used in herbal medicine for upper respiratory infections such as tuberculosis. It is a power anti-viral and can be used to treat herpes simplex, colds, hepatitis-c, influenza, AIDS, chronic fatigue and pneumonia. This herb has a historical use of the Native American Indians in the Pacific Northwest and Nevada, where it grows wildly. They too used it as an anti-viral/ anti-bacterial medicine, as well as for food.
Lonicera Japonica (Honeysuckle) Extract- A plant preservative that is based on the Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) It is a complex mixture of esters of lonicerin and natural p-hydroxy benzoic acid. This plant based preservative has natural antimicrobial properties, as well as natural anti inflammatory properties. This is a soothing and botanical preservative that is safe, effective, and gentle. No other preservative provides dual benefits as this one does. Good for the skin...good for the earth.....good for the product.
Macadamia nut oil-Macadamia Ternifolia- This fine oil comes from the pressed nuts of the Macadamia tree. It is a priceless delight for the skin and has proven itself to be one of the best regenerative oils available.
It is high in monounsaturated fatty acids, and closely resembles sebum (the oil naturally produced by ones skin to help protect it). Macadamia oil is a fabulous, protective oil with a high absorption rate and has been successfully used as a healing oil for scars, sunburns, minor wounds and other irritations.
Emollient; moisturizer; vegetable oil. A highly volatile yet wonderfully moisturizing oil. Its fatty acid composition is similar to a fatty acid of sebum. Beneficial to dry skin, and has a non-greasy after-feel. The oil is derived from the nuts of the macadamia tree (closely related to hazelnut). Contains triglycerides and palmitoleic properties.
Magnesium Aluminum Silicate- Powdery, dry-feeling, white solid that is used as a thickening agent and powder in cosmetics.
Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate- Vitamin C- Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate (MAP) is a vitamin C derivative that has better stability than absorbic acid. In DIY skin care MAP is often used for: UV protection and repair, collagen production, skin lightening and brightening, and as an anti-inflammatory. It is also a potent antioxidant.
Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate is a water soluble vitamin C derivative (L-Ascorbic acid mono-dihydrogen phosphate magnesium salt) with superior percutaneous absorption and stability. MAP is an excellent non-irritating skin whitening agent that inhibits skin cells to produce melanin and lightens age spots. Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate is a potent anti-oxidant (protects skin from oxidation incl. UV rays) and it inhibits lipid-peroxidation. Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate is an anti-inflammatory and it promotes collagen synthesis. MAP does not degrade in formulas containing water.
Skin-lightening products have become more popular around the world. With the increased number of lightening, whitening and brightening products, questions have arisen as to the safety of some skin-bleaching ingredients. The US Food and Drug Administration has proposed a ban on over-the-counter sales of cosmetic products containing hydroquinone.
The interest in lightening products remains strong, which means that there is a need for other ingredients that achieve the same lightening results. One emerging product in this realm is magnesium ascorbyl phosphate. Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate is a water-soluble derivative of vitamin C, known to show some evidence of skin lightening abilities. The Mintel Global New Products Database (GNPD) and its Cosmetic Research product-tracking extension both show rapidly increasing numbers of new products featuring magnesium ascorbyl phosphate.
Marshmallow (Althaea afficinalis)- Astringent, absorbent-soothing, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, galactagogue, laxative, lithotriptic, mucilant, nutritive, tonic, vulnerary. The word althaea is derived from Greek and means to cure. Hypocrites used Marshmallow as a wound healer. When used as a poultice, it is extremely effective at pulling out poisons or anything else embedded in a wound, as well as shortening the healing time. Marshmallow is very soothing for any sore or inflamed spot on the body, is soothing to the lungs, digestive tract and bowels, enriches the milk of nursing mothers, and promotes healthy intestinal flora. It eases the passing of kidney stones, and is used externally for varicose veins, dermatitis and skin abscesses. When eaten, the non-absorbable polysaccharides coat the mucous membranes of the digestive tract and absorb toxins. Marshmallow is an anti-irritant, and scientific evidence shows that one pound of Marshmallow contains 286,000 units of vitamin A, making it ideal for the skin and other tissues.
Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria, Spiraea ulmaria)- Aromatic, diaphoretic, astringent (mild). Meadow sweet is useful in the treatment of skin blemishes. It cures skin eruptions and helps rheumatism when used in a massage oil. Meadowsweet is the herb that aspirin comes from. It is a good anti-inflammatory, and is a traditional remedy for an overly acidic stomach. It is useful in helping with child diarrhea, controlling fevers and inducing sweats.
Meadowfoam Seed Oil- Limnanthes Alba- Meadowfoam Oil is pressed from the seeds of Meadowfoam (Limnanthes alba), a plant which received its name because of its resemblance while in bloom to the white foam blowing on the ocean. Meadowfoam is native to northern California, southern Oregon, Vancouver Island, and British Columbia. It has proven to be invaluable in the body care and cosmetic industries, and is also being studied for pharmaceutical and industrial use.
Meadowfoam oil contains over 98% long-chain fatty acids, and also has higher quality triglyceride levels when compared to other vegetable oils. In addition, it has three long chain fatty acids that were previously unknown before its discovery. It also has amazing moisturizing and rejuvenating capabilities, is very stable, and may be utilized for many different purposes.
We highly recommend incorporating Meadowfoam oil in your natural body care recipes because of its outstanding qualities. It is widely used in cosmetic and hair care products because it is moisturizing, extremely stable, and capable of adhering and staying on the skin. In addition, Meadowfoam oil is one of the most stable oils, and will actually extend the shelf life of less stable ingredients. When applied to the skin, it forms a moisture barrier and will assist the skin with preventing moisture loss. It is a key ingredient in many different products such as massage oils and lotions, facial creams, sun block, hair and scalp products, cosmetics, body lotions, and shaving creams. In hair care products, it will add shine and moisture to the hair, and will remedy dry or damaged hair. When added to lotions and lip balms, it will remoisturize dry or cracked lips and skin, and will make balms last longer. In summary, Meadowfoam oil has these beneficial characteristics:
o Moisturizes the skin
o Rejuvenates and adds shine to hair
o Ultra-violet protection (sunscreen applications)
o Non-greasy feeling, soaks into the skin easily
o Reduces wrinkles and signs of aging
o Blends well with other carrier oils
o Very stable, even under heat and air exposure
o Adheres well to the skin
o Binder, helps products retain their scent longer
o Stability extends product shelf life when combined with less stable ingredients
Aside from these amazing cosmetic uses, Meadowfoam oil is also beneficial for our environment! It was first developed in the 1970s, and was introduced as an alternative to sperm whale oil in order to protect the species. The pressed seeds are fed to cattle and other livestock, and are a source of nutrients for these animals. While grown in the field, birds, insects, mice, and other critters, also eat the nutritious seeds. The Meadowfoam plants themselves are a renewable crop, and are usually grown as a rotation crop for grass seed farmers. This eliminates the need to burn the fields in between grass seed plantings, and also provides farmers with additional income. Meadowfoam also requires less fertilizer and pesticides than most crops, assisting farmers and the environment. Scientists at Oregon State University and the US Department of Agriculture, as well as other scientists, are all currently studying Meadowfoam oil, in order to discover new applications for this versatile oil.
Menthol-Laevo Menthol- Cooling agent; flavor. Penetrating and cooling sensation. Derived from peppermint.
Methylisothiazolinone- Used in cosmetics as a broad spectrum preservative. It is typically used at 0.1%.
Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum)- Cholagogue, demulcent, galactagogue, hepatic, nervine, stimulant, tonic. The Greek herbalist Dioscorides used Milk Thistle in the case of poisonous snake bites. This herb is most useful for the liver, and actually re-grows liver tissue. It is an anti-oxidant and free radical scavenger, and increases membrane strength while decreasing membrane permeability. Along with the liver, Milk Thistle has also been shown to protect and heal the brain and kidneys. This herb stops the toxicity of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom. Milk Thistle accelerates protein synthesis in the liver, stimulates the production of SOD, is beneficial to those with psoriasis, keeps the blood and vascular system clean, soothes inflamed tissue, blocks allergic and inflammatory responses, and increases immune response.
Mistletoe (Viscum flavescens)- Anti-spasmodic, cardiac depressant, diuretic, emetic, emmenagogue, hypotensive, nervine, sedative, stimulant, tonic. Mistletoe has historically been used for epilepsy, nervous disorders, spasms, apoplexy, giddiness, as a digestive aid, heart tonic, and to stimulate glandular activity. It is helpful with headaches and dizziness, stimulates heartbeat, suppresses heart flutters, and soothes the nerves. This herb also can be used to induce uterine contractions, and to tone and sooth the nervous system.
MSM-Methylsulfonylmethane- Methylsulfonylmethane has been present in the oceans, soil, and atmosphere of the Earth for eons. Organic sulfur (MSM) occurs naturally in the human body. It actually makes up 5% of the human body and is essential for every organ, cell, tissue, hormone, enzyme, antibody, and function found in the body. This whole food is a beautifying mineral, and contributes to hair, skin, nail, and joint renewal and health. Bio-available, MSM must be continually replenished for optimal youth, nutrition and health. A wonderful additive to have in EVERY product.
Micro Crystallized Water- This water technology organizes the water molecules into highly structured crystalline forms that are able to penetrate fully into cells for total hydration. Most water is so disorganized from being treated with harsh chemicals, having been stored without movement, and being pushed through pipes that te molecules are far too large to penetrate into the cells of our bodies. Thus we take in water but do not actually rehydrate. . Water naturally moves in a spiral and this is what keeps it structured and organized and able to hold infinite amounts of information. Our technology structures the water- powerful magnetic and infrared sources reduce the size of individual water clusters, creating Hexagonal Water for more efficient and rapid penetration into the cells of your body.
Increases the oxygen- . turbulent forces create a powerful and visible vortex, increasing the amount of oxygen in your drinking water up to 30%. Additional oxygen enters the cells by way of the water molecule itself. - and adds unique bio-available minerals- . a unique mineral core, comprised of tourmaline, coral calcium, zinc, lithium and others contribute to the structuring of water. The water is purified by commercial grade reverse osmosis processes beforehand, to remove structure breaking minerals/ions such as chlorine, chlorides, potassium, magnesium, aluminum, etc.).A select set of ionic minerals are known to enhance the construction of hexagonal water. These minerals occur in very small amounts and help organize the water molecules into tightly packed arrangements which serve to protect and enhance cellular health. Commonly occurring minerals can be grouped into structure making or structure breaking categories as listed below.
In order to ensure that the final product has the correct mineral balance, the water is first purified by high quality reverse osmosis system; the minerals are then combined in the vorticial water movement in the lab.
Calcium, sodium, zinc, iron, silver, copper and others help to convert water into hexagonal water while potassium, chloride, fluoride, aluminum, sulfide and others destroy the hexagonal structuring of water.
The process is similar to erasing unwanted information from a computer disc before placing new information on the disc.
Mineral Salts- Magnesium Sulfate- Magnesium performs more functions in more systems of the human body than virtually any other mineral, including regulating the activity of more than 325 enzymes. Studies show that magnesium is:
o an electrolyte, helping to ensure proper muscle, nerve and enzyme function.
o Critical to the proper use of calcium in cells.
o An aid in helping to prevent heart disease and strokes by lowering blood pressure, protecting the elasticity of arteries, preventing blood clots and reducing the risk of sudden heart attack deaths.
Medical research also indicates that magnesium may:
Increase the effectiveness of insulin, helping to lower the risk or severity of diabetes.
Reduce inflammation and relieves pain, making it a beneficial in the treatment of sore muscles, bronchial asthma, migraine headaches and fibromyalgia.
Although magnesium can be absorbed through the digestive tract, many foods, drugs and medical conditions can interfere with the effectiveness of this deliver method. Therefore, soaking in an Magnesium Sulfate Salt bath is one of the most effective means of making the magnesium your body needs readily available.
Epsom Salt also delivers sulfates, which medical research indicates are needed for the formation of brain tissue, joint proteins and the mucin proteins that line the walls of the digestive tract. Studies show that sulfates also stimulate the pancreas to generate digestive enzymes and help to detoxify the body's residue of medicines and environmental contaminants. Studies indicate that sulfates are difficult to absorb from food, but are readily absorbed through the skin. Studies show these benefits from the major components of Epsom Salt may:
Ease stress and improves sleep and concentration
Help muscles and nerves function properly
Regulate activity of 325+ enzymes
Help prevent artery hardening and blood clots
Make insulin more effective
Reduce inflammation to relieve pain and muscle cramps
Improve oxygen use
Improve absorption of nutrients
Help form joint proteins, brain tissue and mucin proteins
Help prevent or ease migraine headaches
Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)- Emmenagogue, cardiac tonic, antispasmodic, nervine, diuretic, carminative. Motherwort promotes blood circulation and is useful for suppressed menstruation and other female problems. It helps to dissolve blood clots, remove arteriosclerosis, and symptoms of heart dysfunction. Motherwort is a good herb for treating various nervous disorders, hysteria, insomnia and convulsions. The ancient Chinese used it on a daily basis to prevent pregnancy and to prevent venereal disease.
Muira Puama (Dulaciainopiflora, Liriosma ovata)- Stimulant, aphrodisiac. Muira Puama is an aphrodisiac, and can be used for treating impotence in both men and women. It is also useful in treating diarrhea, and in Brazil, Muira Puama is used to prevent baldness, muscular weakness, fatigue and sexual debility.
Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)- Anodyne, anti-spasmodic, anti-tussive, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, vulnerary. The main use of Mullein is to treat lung disease, coughs, consumption and hemorrhage of the respiratory organs. Mullein is a pain reliever, and during the Civil War was used by the Confederates to treat respiratory problems in the absence of conventional medical supplies. It soothes inflamed nerves and inflammation in general, clears the lungs in the case of congestion, is an anti-spasmodic, and is effective for a wide range of swollen membrane conditions. Mullein relieves swollen joints, calms the nerves, moves excess mucous out of the body, is excellent for treating earaches when its oil is employed, and has been used for centuries as a treatment for tuberculosis.
Myrrh (Balsamodendrom myrrha, Commiphora myrrha, C. molmol)- Alterative, antibiotic, anti-catarrh, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, astringent, cardiac, carminative, disinfectant, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant, tonic, vulnerary. Myrrh has been of value since over two-thousand years before Christ. It stimulates the body to discharge mucous, making it useful in chest afflictions. It also causes the body to increase white blood corpuscles, making it an effective antibiotic and disinfectant. Myrrh has often been applied to the umbilical cord after birth in order to promote healing. It is good for bathing open sores, increasing blood flow to the capillaries, lowering blood sugar, and improving chronic sinus problems. Myrrh removes bad breath and can be used topically for mouth sores, irritated gums, canker sores and pyorrhea. Myrrh can be used as an ear oil and makes a good healing antiseptic salve. It treats hemorrhoids, bedsores, wounds, vaginal infections and dysentery. It also destroys putrefaction in the intestines and prevents the blood from absorbing toxins. Myrrh has a wonderful deep, sweet aroma that has been valued for centuries, and is used in perfumes, lotions and oils.
Nettle (Urtica dioica)- Alterative, anti-septic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, galactagogue, hemostatic, nutritive, tonic. The use of the stinging nettle plant for textile use goes back to the Bronze Age. Victims of gout and rheumatism in Scotland would allow themselves to be stung with Nettle; they believed it would alleviate their suffering. Nettle relieves gout and arthritis by neutralizing uric acid, preventing its crystallization and aiding its elimination from the system. It helps to stop bleeding, is alkalizing, helps with anemia, aids w\in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery, and purifies the blood. Nettle is high in silicon, iron and potassium, and is good for treating inflammatory skin conditions. It is an excellent remedy for dandruff, brings back natural hair color, helps to reduce a heavy menses flow, cleanses the digestive tract, and can be used as a tincture to help with hypothyroidism. Nettle has also been used to alleviate allergic symptoms such as teary eyes and a runny nose.
Niacinamide- Niacinamide is a derivative of Niacin, or Vitamin B3. When applied topically, Niacinamide dramatically improve skin tone and texture. It has also been clinically proven to significantly address and resolve hyper pigmentation, wrinkles, sun spots, uneven skin texture, sun damage, acne, rosacea, and inflammation. Niacinamide is a potent active ingredient specifically because the results are immediate. Upon application, the lipid activity in Vitamin B3 immediately turns inflammation on its ear, stops pimple formation its tracks, and begins the rapid restoration of damaged aging skin. Niacinamide is safe for everyday use and has no know adverse reactions to its use.
Noni-Morinda Citrifolia (Polynesian Noni)- Hawaiians swear by this ingredient that comes from a green fruit. They have been using it to eat, drink, and used as a part of healing ointments for years. Pungent; amber in color. Used for healing cuts and bruises by the Polynesians. Full of bioflavonoids, plant sterols and beneficial alkaloids and phytonutrients.
Oat Bran-Avena Sativa- Absorbent; emollient; soother; anti-irritant.
Oat Seed (Avena sativa)- Anti-depressant, antispasmodic, demulcent, nervine, nutritive, stimulant, tonic. Oats are a very soothing herb to use in the case of skin irritations. When used in a bath it treats itchy skin, rashes and insect bites. Oats have been used in facial and body scrubs, soaps and lotions for years, and have been proven to help heal acne. Recently, oats have been found to help increase sexual vitality. This herb is a mood elevator, lowers cholesterol, increases soundness of the body, helps with menopause and symptoms of drug withdrawal
Ocean Mineral Complex- A consciously harvested, highly effective liquid complex that epitomizes Innovative Natural Science. A truly unique, proprietary concentrate of over 92 ocean minerals in a highly stable, bio-available compound base of all natural materials. Ocean Mineral Complex is the answer to tired and compromised skin structure and integrity, and will breath new life into the same old skin care regime.
Ocean minerals and trace elements are called cofactors, meaning they activate enzymes necessary for proper cellular function. This is the equivalent of placing the key into the ignition of the car. Thalassotherapy is a very old regime which incorporates a variety of treatments where one is bathed, showered, wrapped, rubbed, or scrubbed with sea water or seaweed to prevent or cure various conditions and to provide vitality and replenishment for the skin and body. Our Lab has taken this age old wisdom and refined it into a modern, cutting edge youthening and replenishing bioactive concentrate
Seawater is very similar in composition to human plasma and is readily accepted into the human body. Sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, phosphorus, copper, infinite ions as well as trace minerals are some of the essential nutrients found in our ocean mineral complex. The re-mineralizing and restorative properties of the ocean are captured here in a potent concentrate which can be worked into any cutting edge proprietary formulation. As our soil and its bounty continue to be de-mineralized and depleted of essential nutrients and trace elements, our Ocean Mineral Complex will provide a substantial boost not only to the anti-ageing program of its users, but also a boost to their health. This is something that we can all feel good about.
Octinoxate- UVA/UVB SPF factor for higher sun protection.
Octyl Palmitate- Palm Oil- Used in cosmetics as a thickening agent and emollient.
Oleic Acid- Oleic acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid found naturally in many plant sources. It is an omega-nine fatty acid, and considered one of the healthier sources of fat in the diet. Its commonly used as a replacement for animal fat sources that are high in saturated fats. You may find various butter and egg substitutes made with high levels of oleic acid.
Oleic Acid has been shown to slow the development of heart disease, and promotes the production ofantipoxidants . One of the chief sources of oleic acid in foods is olive oil .It is often used to make soap and is present in a number of cosmetics.
As a cosmetic ingredient, oleic oil seems to be a great moisturizer . In fact most cosmetic companies owe their inspiration to men and women who used oleic acid in natural forms to moisturize the skin using olive oil on the skin has been a common practice in Italy and Greece for centuries.
Olive (Olea europa)- Nutritive, emollient, mild aperient, astringent, antiseptic, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory. Olive oil has been used for centuries as a beauty tonic for the skin, hair and nails. Olive helps counteract dandruff, moisturizes dry skin, counteracts and prevents stretch marks, is excellent in soaps, and when taken internally acts as a mild laxative. Also, olive leaves have been used for fevers, high blood pressure and nervous tension.
Olive Oil-Olea Europaea- Olive oil is by far the most universal oils used for a multitude of purposes including cosmetics, as a carrier oil, for hair care solutions, and in cooking.
It has a rich, full bodied flavor with a strong aroma and is golden brown in color. Has a great conditioning effect in body care recipes and can be used in almost all applications because of its stable nature. The line of Olive oil offered by our labs is 100% pure cold pressed and extra virgin from the highest quality Tunisian Olives with no other oils added to it. A great light barrier oil rich in Polyphenols and antioxidants. Soothes and hydrates skin. High in polyphenols which are powerful antioxidants and nutrient rich. Long lasting, stable oil. Used often to help soothe burns and scrapes, in an extra pure form called Sweet Oil.
Olive Seeds- Olea Europaea- a wonderful botanical exfoliant for scrubs and washes. Gentle and clean.
Orange Peel Tincture-Citrus Aurantium Dulcis- Anti-inflammatory; antibacterial; antiseptic. Contains properties considered to be toning and antiseptic. Also some anti-fungal properties present.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare)- Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic (mild). Oregano is most widely used for its flavor in various culinary dishes. However, it can also be used to treat colds, influenza, mild fevers, indigestion, upset stomach and menstrual cramps. Used topically, Oregano is one of the best herbal antiseptics available. It is a very mild painkiller, can be used to soothe sore and aching muscles, and helps one with an itchy scalp if rubbed into the head daily.
Oregano Oil-Rhus Coriaria- This is claimed to be an antioxidant, with properties to assist in inhibition of bacterial growth and inhibiting the growth of fungi. Assists with decreasing inflammation as a detoxifier.
Organic Herbal Infusion- Our Labs has implemented a particular menu of key ingredients that will be found in almost every formulation coming out of our laboratory.
Organic Aloe Vera. The Egyptians revered this succulent, and Cleopatra mashed up the gel of this plant onto her infamously beautiful face every day. This is a substance of perpetual youth and rapid healing. Naturally occurring MSM in the aloe vera leaf lends to this plants rejuvenating properties. Natural plant steroids and salicylic acid are delivered in the gel of aloe vera, and skin is youthened and nourished, as well as soothed in the summer heat. Great for sun burns, toning, shrinking of pores, and a great source of silicon for the skin to recreate itself in the most beautiful manner possible
Organic Gotu Kola- . In ancient China, Gotu Kola was the principle ingredient in a famous elixir called Fo Ti Tieng, a brew that had an astounding reputation as Fountain of Youth. Gotu Kola works specifically to stimulate the production of collagen in the skin, as well as the manufacture of new skin cells. This translates into beautiful renewed, supple skin. Gotu Kola greatly enhances the integrity and vascularization of connective tissue and skin, hastens wound healing, improves elasticity and rejuvenates blood vessels for improved circulation to the skin.
Organic Horsetail- Named for its resemblance to the tassle on a mares nether parts, there is no other source of silica more concentrated than Horsetail. Why do we care about silica? Not only is silica a mojor building block for hair, skin, and nails, but Silica is the age old secret to beauty. Hair, nails, and skin all thrive on silica, drinking it up like water in a desert. The mineral silicon possesses many hidden properties, one of which is its ability to be transformed into calcium. Silicon is a conscious mineral. It seems to posses a form of intelligence. That is why all of our computers are coming from The Silicon valley and are based on silicon technology. This is also why crystals and crystal healing are so popular- .crystals are made of silicon. It is also why silicon possesses such healing and beautifying properties. Many believe that the application of this mineral has a tendency to manifest a more refined and perfected physical appearance. The skin knows exactly how to use silica to make itself the best that it can be.
Organic Geranium - Having been used for centuries in topical skin care applications, this elegant flower packs a beautiful punch. Its forte lies in its incessant regeneration of skin tissue. Proving to be excellent for rebuilding scarred, damaged, and broken down skin cells, Geranium is prolific in renewing even severely burned skin without leaving any discoloration or scarring behind. Distilled from the fragrant leaves of the rose geranium (not the common geranium found in many windowsills), geranium effectively balances hormones, treats acne, inflammation, wounds, and WRINKLES.
Organic Dandelion- .. Considered by most to be a pesky weed, here to set the record straight and raise Dandelion up to its well deserved glory. As a wild plant that has not been cultivated like most others, dandelion retains its high mineral content, and passes this onto us in a highly bioavailable form. Having originated in Greece, its botanical name comes from the Greek words disorder and remedy. These are all highly revered antioxidants, preventing the degeneration of skin cells and DNA. A key to anti-ageing is preventing free radical damage. Dandelion kicks free radical booty, and is why we include it religiously in our skin care formulation menu.
Oregon Grape (Berberis aquifolium)- Alterative, anti-scorbutic, antiseptic, anti-syphilitic, blood purifier, cholagogue, depurative, hepatic, laxative, tonic. Oregon Grape is also known as Yerba de la Sangre, meaning herb of the blood. Obviously, this herb is known to be an excellent blood purifier. It is an anti-inflammatory herb, stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, stimulates digestive and liver secretions, and aids in the assimilation of nutrients. Oregon Grape has the ability to release stored iron into the bloodstream, helping to maintain a healthy supply of hemoglobin in the blood. It helps to overcome constipation, stimulates the thyroid, and is a general tonic for all the glands in the body. Oregon Grape is also known to have a direct effect on the skin. It restores ones complexion and texture, especially after a bout of sores, acne breakout or other skin disease.
Osha (Ligusticum porteri)- Native to the Rocky Mountains, Osha is a traditional Native American remedy for indigestion and upper respiratory infections. The Chinese have used a species of Osha known as Ligusticum wallichii for two-thousand years.It is employed when one wishes to sweat out a respiratory infection, to stimulate appetite, and to prevent the development of a full-blown case of the flu.
Panthenol- Vitamin B5- Panthenol is a non-irritating form of Vitamin B that is usually derived from plants. When this natural, hydrating vitamin is applied externally, it penetrates into lower skin layers, gets absorbed into your skin cells and turns into pantothenic acid (commonly known as Vitamin B5). Because panthenol is absorbed deeply into the skin, it adds essential moisture and has a desirable plumping effect.
Panthenol, with its humectant-like properties, penetrates into layers beneath the surface of your skin so it can be used to treat a myriad of minor skin disorders and irritations. This natural substance is safe to use on your skin and can even be administered internally. In 1984, panthenol was included in the list of over the counter drugs published by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In 1987, the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) concluded that panthenol was safe to use in cosmetics as a humectant, emollient and moisturizer.
Over the past twenty years, panthenol has been effectively used to treat sunburns, irritations, dryness and other minor skin disorders. This non-toxic vitamin has incredible absorption properties and helps to diminish wrinkles by infusing moisture into the deeper layers of your skin. In 1995, a study conducted by LH Leung also suggested panthenol as an alternative treatment for acne because it counteracts bacteria. Panthenol can be found in a variety of skin care products developed to treat dry, normal, combination and acne-prone skin.
Using panthenol in your skin will help to keep it smooth by helping to maintain its natural moisture balance and counteracting surface bacteria. Panthenol reduces inflammation, soothes irritation and initiates the rebuilding of your skin. The healing properties of this vitamin have also been proven to be beneficial for stronger hair and nails.
The regular use of moisturizers, toners, shampoos and conditioners that include panthenol naturally ensure a softer, more attractive appearance everyday.
Palmitoyl tripeptide-3-Palmitoyl Tripeptide-3 is a peptide that stimulates the skin's natural production of collagen. This collagen synthesis booster works by activating the release of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) within the epidermis. By actively promoting collagen synthesis palmitoyl tripeptide-3 is effective in reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and improving the skin's firmness and moisture retention.
Papaya Enzyme-Carica Papaya- Antioxidant. Contains a considerable amount of Papain, Folic Acid, Vitamin C, Beta Carotene, and enzymes. Some antiseptic properties.
Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)- Partridgeberry is native to the woodlands of the United States and was often used by Native American women to prepare the body for childbirth. It helps to relieve painful menstruation by toning the uterus, enhances fertility, and calms the nerves.
Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)- Anodyne, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, hypotensive, nervine, sedative (mild). They Mayan Indians used Passionflower to treat insomnia, hysteria, and convulsions in children. The North American Indians used Passionflower for earaches, boils and other inflammations. Passionflower is used in Italy to treat hyperactive children, and helps to vitalize the sympathetic nervous system when weakened. It improves circulation, helps with sciatica, calms the nerves, and helps to overcome alcohol abuse. Passionflower has anti-inflammatory properties, aids in helping one go to sleep, and kills bacteria that is said to cause eye irritations.
Pau D Arco (Tabebuia heptaphylla)- Alterative, analgesic, anodyne, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-diabetic, antidotal, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-neoplastic, antiseptic, antitumor, antiviral, astringent, bitter tonic, blood purifier, digestive, diuretic, fungicide, hypotensive, parasiticide. Pau D Arco was valued by the ancient Incas, and is still used today among the Callaway tribe in South America. Pau D Arco has strong antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties, and is very useful in treating conditions related to fungal overgrowth such as Candida and vaginal yeast infections. The South American Indians brought Pau D Arco to the attention of the Portuguese with their use of it for Schistosomiasis. It is a blood purifier and is effective against skin conditions such as dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema. Pau D Arco also builds the blood in cases of pernicious anemia and leukemia. It enhances the immune system, helps to eradicate allergies, protects the liver, discourages Herpes Simplex, and has been found to dissolve tumors. Pau D Arco has been used to lower dependence on insulin injections, reduce aging spots on the skin, help with hypoglycemia, and to aid in the assimilation of nutrients.
PEG 100 Stearate- Also listed as PEG on ingredient labels, polyethylene glycol is an ingredient that self-proclaimed natural Web sites have attempted to make notoriously evil. They gain a great deal of attention by attributing horror stories to PEG, associating it with antifreeze (however, antifreeze is ethylene glycol, not polyethylene glycol), and there is no research indicating that PEG compounds pose any problem for skin. Quite the contrary: PEGs have no known skin toxicity and can be used on skin with great results (Sources: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, June 2002, pages 587606; and Cancer Research, June 2002, pages 31383143). PEG is flexible and has a smooth, waxy feel. When ground up, the small particles are included in scrubs as a gentle abrasive. When mixed with glycol, it becomes a viscous liquid. In the minuscule amounts used in cosmetics, it helps keep products stable and performs functions similar to those of glycerin. It is also used internally in medical procedures to flush and clean the intestinal tract.
Peppermint (Mentha piperita)- Alterative (mild), analgesic, anodyne, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antinauseate, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aromatic, astringent, calmative, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, febrifuge, nervine, rubefacient, sedative, stimulant (gastric), stomachic, tonic, stimulant, sudorific. Peppermint has been noted in Chinese medical literature since 659 A.D., and the American Indians used it for bowel eliminations, fevers and colds. Peppermint oil eases gas and bloating after a meal, is a digestive aid, helps with spasms and convulsions in infants, and helps with colon related problems. It is a catalyst for other herbs, oxygenates the blood stream, and is especially useful in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Peppermint has a sweet, spicy and cooling aroma that helps to clear congestion from the sinuses and chest. Peppermint is also used in creams, soaps and lotions, and as an ingredient for cooking.
Periwinkle (Vinca major, Vinca minor)- Anti-neoplastic, astringent, hemostatic, nervine, sedative. In India, Periwinkle is used to treat wasp stings. In Hawaii it is boiled and used to stop bleeding, and in South America is made into a gargle to ease sore throats and chest ailments. It helps to carry more oxygen to the brain, controls excess menstruation, colitis, diarrhea and bleeding gums, and is a good remedy for nervous disorders. It can also be used for high blood pressure and as a blood sugar-balancing agent for those with diabetes.
Pharma Kava (Piper methysticum)- Analgesic, anesthetic, anodyne, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac (female), bitter, diuretic, nervine, relaxant, sedative, stimulant, tonic. The Kava Kava plant was discovered by Captain Cook and given the name intoxicating pepper. The ancient Tahitians used it to create a stupefying drink. Kava is used to relieve rheumatic pain, insomnia and nervousness. It is known to be one of the most powerful herbal muscle relaxants, calms bladder infections, and treats gonorrhea and vaginitis. Pharma Kava is also a powerful analgesic, and can be applied directly to a painful wound.
Pharma Maca (Lepidium meyenii, Lepidium peruvianum)- Adaptogen, hormonal regulator, aphrodisiac. Maca root has been cultivated high up in the Andes Mountains of Peru for approximately 2,600 years. It is said that before going into battle, Incan soldiers would eat massive amounts of Maca root to cultivate fierce strength, but once a city was conquered the soldiers were prohibited from the root, due to its strong aphrodisiac qualities. Maca is known to improve conditions of anemia, chronic fatigue, depression, infertility and sterility, lack of libido, malnutrition, menopausal symptoms, menstrual discomfort and disorders, poor memory and stress tension. It increases ones energy and endurance, as well as oxygen content in the blood, physical strength, and neurotransmitter production.
Phenolic Acids- Phenols are found in the natural world, especially in the plant kingdom. In some cases phenols are present in plant foliage to discourage animals eating them. It has natural antiseptic properties.
Phenoxyethanol- Phenoxyethanol is a common cosmetic preservative that is considered one of the less irritating ones to use in formulations. Phenoxyethanol is an organic chemical compound , a glycol ether often used in skin care products. It is a colorless oily liquid. It is mildly soluble in water. Phenoxyethanol can be derived from flower extracts. It does not release formaldehyde. It is a weak biocide, most active against Gram-negative bacteria. It is typically used at 0.1%.
Pheromone Products-Male and female pheromones can be used in a wide range of products. Call if you have any interest.
p-Hydroxy Benzoic Acid- A preservative that occurs in nature in cherry bark, raspberries, tea, anise, and cassia bark. First described in 1608 when it was found in gum benzoin. Used in chocolate, lemon, orange, cherry, fruit, nut, and tobacco flavorings. It is also used in antifungal ingredients in cosmetics such as hair rinses, cleansers, and moisturizers.
Plantain (Plantago spp.,)- Alterative, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antisyphilitic, anti-venomous, aperient, astringent(mild), demulcent, deobstruent, depurant, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, mucilant, parasiticide, refrigerant, styptic, vulnerary. The Navahos referred to Plantain as Life Medicine, while the Anglo-Saxons knew it as the Mother of Herbs. Plantain tonifies the mucous membranes, is good for topical healing, reduces phlegm, and controls cholesterol levels. Plantain has often been used as an appetite suppressant, and has been found to be an excellent treatment for poison ivy and poison oak dermatitis. Plantain was a favorite of early American physicians for treating skin problems, and is also good for snake bites, hemorrhoids, and chronic bronchitis. Plantain contains tannin, which is an astringent that tightens the tissues.
Pleurisy (Asclepias tuberosa)- Anodyne, antispasmodic, carminative (mild), cathartic (large doses), diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic (large doses), expectorant, nervine (slightly sedative), stimulant, tonic. The North American Indians considered Pleurisy to be one of the best gifts given to them by the Great White Father, due to its ability to heal the lungs. Pleurisy root helps the lungs to discharge mucus, eases chest congestion, aids in painful breathing, subdues inflammation, and has a general tonic effect on the entire respiratory system.
Polyquarternium-37- An ingredient used primarily in hair-care products for its antistatic and film-forming properties. It can have water-binding properties for skin due to the sheer protective film layer it creates on skin.
Polysorbate 20- This is a non-ionic surfactant that is used to disperse and emulsify formulations. It is indispensable for oil in water emulsions, such as lotions, conditioners, and cream rinses. Its a must have oil-dispersant in body mists and spritzers. Made from oleic acid (olive oil source) connected to a sugar (sorbitol) this compound is then ethoxylated (grain based alcohol) to make it water dispersible. Non-irritating. Used in Body Mist, Linen Sprays or Spritzes to emulsify the water and oil together so that there is no separation. A 1:1 Polysorbate to Essential Oil blend added to your bases is generally sufficient. Occasionally you will want a bit more polysorbate to EO when you find that the blend is not staying emulsified.
Polysorbate 60- polysorbates are a large group of ingredients most often derived from lauric acid, which is derived from coconuts. Polysorbates function as emulsifiers and also have mild surfactant properties; Some polysorbates are derived from the food ingredient sorbitol, which occurs naturally in many fruits, while others have a fatty acid component. Polysorbates are considered non-toxic and safe as used in the concentrations found in cosmetic and food products.
Pomegranate-Punica Gradatum- Botanical. Pomegranate seed oil is an extremely rich and nutritious oil, which may be used for internally or externally for its cosmetic and medicinal properties. Pomegranate seed extract and juice have been popular lately for their anti-oxidant properties, and pomegranate seed oil is proving to be even more beneficial. Not only does pomegranate seed oil contain high levels of anti-oxidants that fight free radicals and skin aging, but the oil is also a potent source of punicic and ellagic acids. Because of these properties, pomegranate seed oil is used to heal, protect, and moisturize dry, cracked, mature, and irritated skin, bring elasticity back to the skin, and for eczema and other skin problems. If pomegranate seed oil seems expensive, consider that over 200 pounds of fresh pomegranates are used to produce just one pound of pomegranate seed oil!
Pomegranate seed oil is commonly used in cosmetic products to revitalize dull or mature skin, assist with wrinkles, and to soothe minor skin irritations. Without moisture, wrinkles become more abundant and pronounced, the skin looks tight and lacks luster. Pomegranate seed oil adds moisture, has natural estrogenic properties, anti-oxidants, is anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, improves skin elasticity, and protects the skin. It provides relief from minor skin irritations and inflammation, including dry skin, eczema, psoriasis and sunburned skin. The conjugated fatty acids give it strong anti-inflammatory properties, which help to reduce swelling and ease muscular aches and pains.
Several recent studies, including one conducted by the University of Michigan Medical School (published in the February 2006 Journal of Ethnopharmacology), have shown that pomegranate seed oil stimulates keratinocyte proliferation, promoting regeneration and strengthening of the epidermis. This study compliments other recent studies, which have also shown the beneficial results of using pomegranate seed oil.
Pomegranate seed oil is one of the only plant sources of conjugated fatty acids and it contains an abundant amount of punicic acid, a compound closely related to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The punicic acid found pomegranate seed oil and has been called a super CLA whose effect is even more potent than ordinary CLA. Scientific studies have indicated that it may support the immune system.
Pomegranate seed oil also contains phytoestrogens, similar to the estrogens naturally produced by the human body. Many women have found that using pomegranate seed oil has helped to ease symptoms associated with menopause and perimenopause, such as mood swings, hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness and diminished libido. To relieve the symptoms of menopause, pomegranate seed oil can be used topically as a skin moisturizer, orally as a dietary supplement, as a massage oil, or as a personal lubricant.
Pomegranate seed oil may be used within most skin care formulas, including soap making, massage oils, facial care products, and other body care and cosmetic products. Only a small amount is needed within formulas to achieve beneficial results.
Potassium Phosphate- Potassium phosphate is a generic term for the salts of potassium and phosphate ions. It keeps PH low in formulations and prevents fungal growth.
Potassium Sorbate-Potassium Sorbate is a mild and natural preservative used as a paraben alternative in the cosmetic industry. It is developed from Sorbic Acid, which is derived from the berries of the Mountain Ash Tree, and is considered non-toxic, non-irritating, and non-sensitizing. Potassium Sorbate is namely used to inhibit fungi, mold, and yeast. However, it is less effective against bacteria and is therefore not considered a broad spectrum preservative. Paired with other preservatives this ingredient can ensure the complete protection of a formula but only partial protection when used alone.
Potassium Stearate- An alkalizing ingredient used in the manufacturing of soaps, hand creams, emulsifications, conditioners, lotions, and shaving cremes. A safe and gentle ingredient.
PPG-1 Trideceth-6- A natural emulsifier with a rating of zero for irritation or toxicity.
Prickly Ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)- Alterative, antiseptic, antispasmodic (mild), astringent, carminative, deobstruent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, rubefacient, sialagogue, stimulant (cardiac), tonic. In the year 1849 Prickly Ash bark was used to reverse the symptoms of a then current epidemic of Asian Cholera. Northeast American Indians used Prickly Ash as a cold and toothache remedy and expectorant. Prickly Ash aids in circulation, helps with varicose veins, skin diseases, stomach pain, rheumatism, and helps with slow-healing wounds.
Propolis- Propolis is the substance bees use to seal their hive. It has a long history of herbal and alchemical uses. Propolis is high in bioflavanoids which have powerful antifungal, antibiotic and antibacterial properties. Propolis is commonly used to help treat wounds, especially when infected. It increases membrane permeability, is anti-inflammatory, mends and strengthens blood vessels and capillaries, and is high in vitamins C, E, pro-vitamin A, and B-complex. Propolis has been shown in studies to reduce mouth ulcer outbreaks, and has been used to treat arthritis, asthma and even allergies. Propolis has also been found to effectively inhibit the life of MRSA, which is the antibiotic resistant bacterium that often threatens patients in hospitals.
Propolis-Organic Resina Propoli- Skin treatment. Bees collect a substance from the buds of trees resembling resin. They convert this resin into Propolis. This flavonoid rich substance has both anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, working also as an anti-toxin. It is a germ resistant coating. See more at the top.
Propylene Glycol- Propylene Glycol is the most common moisture carrying ingredient, other than water, used in cosmetics because it moisturizes better than glycerin. It is used as a wetting agent and surfactant which gives a product better absorption and promotes spreading of the product on the skin. Propylene Glycol is an emollient. It can penetrate the outermost layer of the skin cells and carry other beneficial products deeper into the epidermis. According to the AMAs committee on Cutaneous Health emollients do help make the skin feel softer and smoother, reduce roughness, cracking and irritation, and may retard the fine wrinkles of aging.
Propylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate- Along with other glycols and glycerol, this is a humectant or humidifying and delivery ingredient used in cosmetics. There are Web sites and spam e-mails stating that propylene glycol really industrial antifreeze and that it is the major ingredient in brake and hydraulic fluids. These sites also state that tests show it is a strong skin irritant. They further point out that the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) on propylene glycol warns users to avoid skin contact because systemically (in the body) it can cause liver abnormalities and kidney damage. As ominous as this sounds, it is so far from the reality of cosmetic formulations that almost none of it holds any water or poses real concern. It is important to realize that the MSDS sheets are talking about 100% concentrations of a substance. Even water and salt have frightening comments regarding their safety according to their MSDSs. In cosmetics, propylene glycol is used only in the smallest amounts to keep products from melting in high heat or freezing when it is cold. It also helps active ingredients penetrate the skin. In the minute amounts used in cosmetics, it is not a concern in the least. Women are not suffering from liver problems because of propylene glycol in cosmetics. And finally, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, within the Public Health Services Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, studies have not shown these chemicals [propylene or the other glycols as used in cosmetics] to be carcinogens (Source: www.atsdr.cdc.gov).
Pumice- Abrasive; exfoliant; from earth/rock.
Pumpkin Seed Oil-Cucurbita Pepo- Also known as green gold, pumpkin seed oil is one of the most nutritious oils available. It contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, Vitamins A, C, E, and Zinc. Pumpkin seed oil has a pleasant and mild flavor making it suitable for culinary applications. Because of its abundant health and epidermal benefits, we recommend incorporating this oil into your skin care and hair care formulations.
Quebracho (Schinopsis balansae)- Tonic, febrifuge, anti-asthmatic. Although primarily used by the leather industry due to its high tannin content, Quebracho has also been used to lower blood pressure and to lower the incidence and severity of asthma attacks. It grows in South America in places such as Paraguay and Argentina, where it is also a source of timber.
Raspberry Seed Oil- Rubus Idaeus- Red Raspberry seed oil is an impressive essential fatty acid containing oil. It contains 83% essential fatty acids. Raspberry seed oil is emollient, lubricating, conditioning, a lipid barrier providing protection to the skin and provides moisture retention for the skin. This oil has natural UV absorptive properties in all three ranges beneficial for photoprotection. It contains high percentages of mixed tocopherols, tocotrienols and carotenoids. The oil maintains a mild raspberry flavor and aroma.
Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)- Alterative, antibiotic (mild), anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-fungal, antimicrobial, anti-neoplastic, antispasmodic, anti-tumor, blood purifier, depurant, diuretic, expectorant, female tonic, laxative, nutritive, sedative, stimulant (mild). Red Clover is one of the best mucus clearing herbs to be found. It helps the system rid itself of nitrogenous waste, helps to retard the spread of infection and aids the system in cleansing. Red Clover has been used for over one-hundred years in Europe and America as an expectorant, as a sedative for whooping cough and as a diuretic for treating gout. Red Clover is good for treating boils, sores and acne. It stimulates the liver and activates the gallbladder, as well as being a slight laxative. It eases arthritic pain, helps to rid the system of uric acid, purifies the blood, strengthens weak children, and is beneficial in treating wasting diseases such as rickets.
Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)- Alterative (mild), anti-abortive, anti-emetic, antispasmodic, astringent, cardiac, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, hemostatic, laxative, oxytocic, parturient, refrigerant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Red Raspberry is a dream herb for pregnant women. It prevents tearing of the cervix and hemorrhages, as well as regulating uterine contractions and reducing false labor pains before the actual birth. The leaves of Red Raspberry are high in iron and enrich the colostrum found in breast milk. The Native American Indians used it as an astringent, applying an infusion of the root bark to swollen eyes. Red Raspberry can be used to dissolve tartar on the teeth, and as a reliever of children's stomachaches, mouth sores, bleeding gums, diarrhea, dysentery, inflammation, and sore throats. Red Raspberry leaves have been effective in relieving morning sickness and menstrual cramps, clears mucus from the body, strengthens the female reproductive system, eases colic in infants, eases the process of childbirth, and is one of the richest sources of herbal manganese.
Red Root (Ceanothus americanus)- Astringent, expectorant, antispasmodic, sedative, antisyphilitic. The North American Indians used Red Root to treat fevers and problems associated with the mucous membrane. It stops sniffling associated with flus, colds, asthma and bronchitis. Red Root is also helpful in cases of urinary tract infection because it stops the dribbling of urine, and for someone who has a sallow, doughy complexion.
Red Wine-Vitis Vinifera- Antioxidant; carrier; emollient; moisturizer. No skin care claims yet established. This is a derivative of red wine tannins as a natural byproduct from wine production.
Rehmannia (Rehmania glutinosa)- Rehmannia root is very popular in Chinese medicine, where it is traditionally boiled in a yellow wine and black bean infusion. It is considered to be a longevity herb, and is used to treat a wide array of bodily disorders such as anemia, menopausal symptoms, bleeding, hypoglycemia, and liver, heart and kidney disorders. Rehmannia replenishes vitality in the body, and is used for premature ejaculation, urinary tract problems, injured bones, Candida, autoimmune disorders, constipation, dry mouth, night sweats, lower back pain, infertility, fatigue and high blood pressure, postpartum hemorrhage and chronic tidal fever, and lumbago and nocturnal emissions.
Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum)- Adaptogen, alterative, anti-allergenic, anti-tumor, anti-viral, nervine, relaxant, stimulant, immune tonic. Reishi is very popular in Chinese Taoist herbalism, and is known as the Supreme Protector. Reishi mushroom has been found to regenerate the liver, alleviate allergy symptoms, reduce blood pressure, enhance immunity and prolong life strong. Ganoderma is very high in antioxidants, making it ideal for the prevention of aging. It strengthens the internal organs, improves conditions of viral hepatitis, protects the liver, relieves insomnia, improves circulation and helps to normalize bodily functions. Reishi helps to reduce the symptoms of stress, soothes the nerves, stimulates T-cell activity, is a powerful antioxidant, and is anti-carcinogenic and anti-bacterial in nature. More inforomation at the top.
Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea)- The traditional folk uses of Rhodiola root are resistance to altitude sickness, infections, anemia, erectile dysfunction, depression and gastrointestinal ailments. In Siberia, a bouquet of Rhodiola roots is often given to a couple just prior to marriage in order to ensure fertility and the birth of healthy children. Because Rhodiola is an adaptogen, it strengthens and improves upon all areas of the body. It stimulates brain function, memory and the release of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin into pathways that activate the cerebral cortex.
Rhubarb (Rheum palmatum, R. officinale)- Alterative, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-tumor, astringent, cathartic, diuretic, hypotensive, laxative, digestive aid (small doses), parasiticide, sialagogue, stomachic, tonic, vulnerary. Rhubarb was first imported to Europe to be used as a laxative. When taken in small does, Rhubarb is an effective blood builder and cleanser. It encourages bile flow, improves appetite, and is both an astringent in cases of diarrhea and a laxative in cases of constipation. Rhubarb tones and tightens bodily tissues, prevents and eliminates hemorrhoids, encourages the healing process of duodenal ulcers, enhances gallbladder function and increases salivary and gastric flow.
Rose Hip Oil-Rosa Canina- Rosehip seed oil is truly an amazing product, which has only recently become recognized by the general public. This surge in popularity is for a good reason, as it is believed to be the best oil available for anti-ageing and skin rejuvenation. Numerous scientific studies have also taken place, which have yielded astounding evidence supporting the use of Rosehip Seed oil.
Rosehip seed oil is extracted from the seeds of a native rose plant which grows wild in Chile. The oil has been used by native people in Chile for centuries, and has only been validated by scientists fairly recently. The first major confirmation of its capabilities came in 1983, when the University of Santiago conducted research on 180 individuals. These tests studied people with extensive facial scarring, acne scarring, deep wrinkles, UV damage, radiation damage, burn scars, surgical scars, premature aging, dermatitis, and other skin related problems. In these tests, rosehip seed oil regenerated the skin, reduced scars and wrinkles, prevented the advancement of wrinkles and aging, and helped skin to regain its natural color and tone. Since this time, other universities and labs have also completed studies, also yielding positive results. Another well-known study in 1988 was conducted on twenty women between the ages of 25-35 with extensive premature aging to their skin. Their skin was wrinkled, and had sun spots from overexposure to the sun. After four months of applying rosehip seed oil daily, their wrinkles and sun spots had almost completely disappeared, and the skin had a fresher and healthier look. Today, rosehip seed oil is exported around the world, and is used by the medical community, as well as in fine facial and cosmetic care products.
Rosehip seed oil contains Vitamin A, which helps to delay the effects of skin aging, assists with cell regeneration, and promotes collagen and elastin levels to increase. This results in firmer, smoother, and more youthful skin with greater elasticity. Rosehip seed oil also contains a high amount of essential fatty acids and Vitamin E, which further promotes healthy skin. In particular, it is rich in linoleic and linolenic acids, which are important skin nutrients. Rosehip seed oil has been used successfully to treat the following skin problems:
UV damage from overexposure to the sun
Scars from surgery, burns, and acne
Wrinkles and premature skin aging
Burns, including those from radiation and sunburns
Dry and damaged hair
Rosehip seed oil is considered a dry oil, meaning that it soaks into the skin easily, and does not leave a greasy residue. It is a wonderful hydrator, and penetrates dry or damaged skin immediately. This oil may be used straight from the bottle as a moisturizer, or can be incorporated into a cream, lotion, facial oil, or massage oil. Because it is so gentle, rosehip seed oil may be used undiluted on the skin, even on sensitive skin. Rosehip seed oil is a safe, inexpensive, effective, and non-invasive product for preventing and healing damaged skin.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)- Analgesic (mild), anodyne, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, nervine, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. The botanical name for Rosemary means dew of the sea, referring to its abundance along the sea shores. The French used it in World War II in combination with Juniper berries to kill germs, and in ancient Greece it was believed that Rosemary strengthened memory. In the Middle Ages Rosemary was used in Europe to clear vision, alleviate nervous ailments, sharpen the senses and help weak memory. Today Rosemary is used in Europe and China for headaches, stomach pains, and as an anti-malarial. Rosemary stimulates capillary circulation, and is helpful for colds, sore throats, a sluggish liver, and is a good mouthwash and remedy for bleeding gums. Rosemary is used in hair rinses to help hair to darken and retain its natural color, and in shampoos to control premature balding. It is an anti-oxidant, brain stimulant, prevents hair loss, regulates menses, is an antiseptic and blood cleanser, and is a good treatment for sores around the mouth.
Rue (Ruta graveolens)- Antispasmodic, emmenagogue, stimulant, rubefacient. The Chinese use Rue for relieving rheumatic pains, sedation, to reduce swelling and to increase local circulation. It helps to relive menstrual cramps and stimulates blood flow throughout the female reproductive organs. It is used in the treatment of nervous spasms, neuralgia, trauma, cramps, and as a muscle relaxant. The oil of Rue can also be used to treat earaches in both adults and children.
Sage (Salvia officinalis)- Anti-galactagogue, Anti-pyretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, parasiticide, stimulant, tonic (mild), vulnerary. Sage is considered to be a memory strengthener and promoter of wisdom. It has been used to slow down the secretion of fluids to reduce excess sweating. Sage is known to be useful for nervousness, trembling, depression, and is used in some communities to dry up breast milk. It is a natural deodorizer, makes a good gargle for sore throats, epilepsy, sleeping problems, seasickness, dysentery, colds, and worms. The Native American Indians used Sage as a salve which was mixed with bear grease and used for healing skin sores. Sage has been used to return hair to its natural color, quiet the nerves and relieve spasms. It shrinks inflamed tissue, cleans old ulcers and sores and is a powerful anti-oxidant. Sage can be used to increase ones ability to concentrate, promotes circulation to the heart, helps weak digestion, and relives the irritated reaction one gets in response to insect bites. Sage heals sores and other skin eruptions, stops wounds from bleeding, is a useful poultice for tumors, and has even been used to cure some types of mental insanity.
Saponins- Saponins are natural detergents found in many plants, especially certain desert plants. Saponins are also present in small amounts in some foods, such as soybeans and peas. The two major commercial sources of saponins are Yucca schidigera, which grows in the arid Mexican desert country of Baja California, and Quillaja saponaria (soapbark tree), found in arid areas of Chile. Saponins have detergent or surfactant properties because they contain both water-soluble and fat-soluble components. Saponins are a group of natural carbohydrates, found in plants, that have considerable potential as nutraceutical agents. Saponins, from a variety of sources, have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties (Sources: Fitoterapia, July 2002, page 336; Phytotherapy Research, March 2001, pages 174176; and Drug Metabolism and Drug Interaction, 2000, volume 17, issue 1-4, pages 211235).
Sarsaparilla (Smilax medica, S. officinalis)- Alterative, heat clearing, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, diaphoretic, tonic, anti-syphilitic, diuretic, hormonal, blood purifier, aromatic. Sarsaparilla is used for all kinds of skin disorders, including psoriasis. It is also useful for venereal disease, liver disorders such as jaundice, and gout. It increases libido and sexual appetite, fights several viral infections, quenches thirst, treats syphilis and reduces inflammation associated with autoimmune joint diseases such as rheumatism. Modern research is also discovering that the saponins found in the root can be used to synthesize human steroids. It is a blood-purifying herb, and is good for treating liver problems, hormonal excesses, gas, inflammation, and stimulates breathing in the case of congestion.
Sassafras (Sassafras officinalis, S. albidium)- Alterative, anti-rheumatic, aromatic, blood purifier, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, parasiticide, stimulant. Sassafras has been used for hundreds of years as a tonic for the blood. It has been found that Sassafras plants maturing in the spring contain mineral salts that thin the blood, making it easier to cope with the heat, while plants maturing in the fall contain mineral salts that thicken the blood, making it easier to deal with the cold. It has been used to treat syphilis, alcohol and tobacco addictions, poison ivy and poison oak. The root bark of Sassafras contains antiseptic properties, making it ideal for the treatment of skin wounds and sores. It helps to relieve pain brought on by inflammatory skin conditions and arthritis, was used by the Native Americans to bring down fevers, and balances hormones within the body.
Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)- Ant-catarrhal, anti-galactagogue, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, aphrodisiac (mild), astringent, diuretic, expectorant, hormonal, nervine, nutritive, parasiticide, sedative, stimulant, tonic. Historically, Saw Palmetto berries have been used to treat disorders related to the genito-urinary system. Saw Palmetto berries are fat soluble, and have been found through scientific research to prevent the conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone, therefore helping to preventing benign prostatic hyperplasia. Saw Palmetto stimulates appetite, improves digestion, increases assimilation, decreases ovarian and uterine irritability, and reduces inflammation, rupture and blockage of the genito-urinary system. It increases blood flow to the reproductive organs, treats male sterility and impotence, assists the thyroid, quiets the nerves, expels mucus from the body, and has been said to increase the size of the breasts of women of childbearing age.
Schizandra (Schisandra chinensis)- Adaptogen, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, astringent, bitter, expectorant, sedative, tonic (uro-genital and hepatic). Schizandra berry strengthens the tissues and helps to retain body energy. It is a popular herb in Chinese Taoist herbalism, where it is used as an adaptogen. Schizandra is youthening and helps with coughs, asthma, night sweats, prolonged diarrhea and lung weakness. It enhances endurance, increases sexual vitality, supports liver function, is high in anti-oxidants, aids the body in dealing with stress, promotes long life of each cell in the body, builds the immune system, strengthens the veins, improves vision, and protects the body against free radical damage, infections and radiation.
Scotch Broom (Cytisus scoparius)- Scotch Broom is native to the British Isles and Central Europe, and was historically used for broom making. It is said that witches used Scotch Broom to make their own broom sticks. It has also been used for cattle fodder, roof thatching, as a hop substitute in beer making, and as a coffee substitute. In Europe it has been used as an ingredient in aphrodisiac drinks, while the Yaquis of South America use it in their ceremonies.
Sea Buckthorn Oil (Cytisus scoparius)- This little wonder berry is found growing wild primarily in China, Mongolia and Russia. It has been used as a food item for a very long time. The said benefits of Seabuckthorn oil range ...anti-aging wonder berry, antioxidant, cardiovascular health, anti-parasitic, and more. As a topical application for the skin, Seabuckthorn berry and seed oil are hard to match, let alone beat. The reasons for this are varied. There is a rich deep pigment in this berry oil that translates into a potent healing antioxidant for all skin types. The end result of this is fewer lines, diminished sun spots, evening out of skin tone, and firmer more supple skin. Sea Buckthorn also contains palmitoleic acid, which is present in human ski. For this reason, it is used for burns, wound healing, infections and skin diseases. This oil also has UV-blocking properties, aids in skin regeneration and promotes shiny, healthy hair -- just as it did for Khan's horses in Mongolia. In a June 2006 study published in China, researchers investigated the therapeutic effects of the oil on burn patients by applying the oil to the dressing. This treatment was given to 151 burn patients who experienced reduced swelling and pain as well as faster skin re-growth than the group receiving only petroleum jelly treatment. Sea Buckthorn oil is a profound and highly esteemed raw ingredient for consideration in any and all product lines. our lab has sourced the highest quality unfiltered food grade, cold processed Sea Buckthorn oil. It is available for any customer who would like to have our lab work it into their formulations. Know that it turns everything orange, including your products. If orange is other than what you imagine for your formula, go with Rosehip seed oil. If orange is exactly what you hoped for, it’s here for you!
Sesame Oil-Sesamum Indicum- Sesame oil makes a wonderful moisturizer for the skin. Distinctively sweet and nutty in aroma, it is light yellow in color. Also known as gingelly oil and til oil, Sesame oil boasts of its distinctive fragrance. Consistency wise, it is neither too thin nor too thick. Rich in Vitamin E and B complex, it is extremely beneficial for health. It also has a high content of minerals such as calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. To know about the uses and health benefits of Sesame oil, read on-
Some people find the fragrance of Sesame oil a bit strong; therefore, it is usually mixed with some other base oil such as Almond oil or Grape seed oil to make its aroma lighter. Sesame oil massage works wonders in relieving tiredness of the body. It is known to possess soothing and tranquilizing properties. It also plays the role of sun blocker, thereby preventing the skin from being tanned or destroyed by the harmful Ultraviolet rays
Sesame oil is known for its healing power. The presence of high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the oil is of great value in controlling high blood pressure. It makes it possible to lessen the dose of medication required to combat hypertension. It possesses Vitamin E and thus serves as a great antioxidant, which in turn helps to lower the cholesterol level. Sesame oil massage protects the skin from being victimized by problems such as Eczema, Psoriasis, and Blemishes. It has also proved to be effective in treating toothache and problem of gums.
Sesame oil is an excellent emollient and is beneficial in alleviating tension and stress. It has been observed that people suffering from the problem of hypertension are usually prone to anxiety, poor circulation, nerve and bone disorders. Thus, Sesame oil application protects the body from various disorders associated with nervous system. It also keeps away the problem of insomnia and mental fatigue. Sesame oil is an energy rejuvenator, thus is the best remedy for the tired and aching body. It also helps in treating blurred vision.
Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)- Antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, demulcent, digestive, diuretic, galactagogue, fertility enhancer. Shatavari is traditionally used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, where it is regarded as the most important herb for female fertility; the word Shatavari means a woman who has a hundred husbands. It prevents miscarriages, regulates menstruation, and helps with menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and irritability. It is beneficial for women who are lactating, loss of libido, infertility, the circulatory, digestive and respiratory organs, bronchial infections, ulcers, gastritis, Crohns Disease, sore throat and dry cough. Shatavari helps to build body mass and muscle tissue, and can be used externally to treat stiff joints. It nourishes the blood, treats male impotence, calms the nerves and helps with inflammation in the lungs due to dryness and heat.
Shea Butter-Butyrospermum Parkii- BBS a company in service to our customers, our community, and our planet. We are commited to supporting sustainable practices and this commitment extends into our raw goods in a very real way. With this in mind, we have secured a direct connection in Ghana, Africa for our Shea Butter. You will not find another shea butter on the world market that can hold a candle to our raw, wild, hand harvested shea butter. The quality is unparalleled and it is a truly special raw good.
A group of tribeswomen in Ghana have formed a co-operative in their village, and are creating hope, vibrancy, and abundance for their families and their village through the process of plugging into the American market with this superior nut butter. We are happy to be supporting our sisters in Ghana with fair trade pricing, as well as helping them to develop their manufacturing practices. All of our Shea Butter is coming to us directly from this co-op in Ghana, and know that by utilizing custom formula house, you are supporting wonderful things in the world..
A bit about Shea Butter- ..also known as karite butter which is extracted from the nuts of the genus Butyrosperum Parkii Kotschy tree which grows in Central Africa. Karite Butter is superior to cocoa and jojoba butter in its ability to heal damaged and dry skin.
Great protection for the skin from the elements, sun, photoaging, and elimination of superficial irritations, burns, eczema, dermatitis, dermatosis, and all damaged hair conditions. Shea butter is an extremely therapeutic emollient with chemical constituents that help to heal bruising and soreness. With high levels of vitamin A, E, unsaponifiables and cinnamic esters, these high antimicrobial and moisturizing properties heal and renew the skin as well as the entire body.
The natives of Central Africa as well as those in Japan use karite butter for food as well as body care. Karite butter is a replacement for regular dairy butter in foods, and a perfect replacement for dairy butter in cooking for vegetarians. Karite butter is an outstanding source of essential fatty acids, linoleic acids, and stands out as an exceptional source of unsaponifiable material.
In Africa, it has also long been used with astonishing results as a massage balm for tired and sore muscles, rheumatism, burns, and light wounds. Shea butter has a stimulating effect on the metabolism, and clinical research has indicated that karite butter increases local capillary circulation which in turn increases tissue re-oxygenation and improves the elimination of metabolic waste products. A natural anti-oxidant agent, B-amyrine and tocopherols protect the double bond of the oil as a whole and the unsaponifiable compounds in particular. This makes karite butter a truly fantastic anti-ageing topical as well as dietary supplement.
Another asset natural to raw shea butter is its high protection against ultraviolet rays. Clinical tests consistently show that karite butter without PABA naturally prevents sunburn when exposed to UV rays. This is a wonderful alternative to chemical sun-protection factors.
Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella, R. acetosa)- Anti-pyretic, anti-scorbutic, antiseptic (mild), astringent, diuretic, laxative, nutritive. Sheep Sorrel was first introduced to America as a salad green. It was commonly grown in European vegetable gardens until the 1700s. Sorrel is useful in treating excessive menstrual bleeding and hemorrhages of the stomach. Currently, Canada is using Sorrel in the treatment of various degenerative diseases. It makes an excellent poultice, helps dissolve, loosen and expel gravel from the kidneys, and is a good remedy for virtually any skin problem, including boils.
Shepherds Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)- Anti-hemorrhagic, anti-pyretic, astringent, diuretic, hemostatic, laxative, stimulant, styptic, urinary antiseptic. Shepherds Purse was used in Germany during World War II due to a shortage in drugs the controlled bleeding. It can be used to control excessive menstrual flow, and can be applied externally to cuts, wounds, bleeding sores, nose bleeds and bruises. Capsella is an effective remedy for diarrhea, internal bleeding of the colon and lungs, hemorrhages after childbirth, and catarrh of the urinary tract.
Scullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)- An-aphrodisiac, anti-bacterial, anti-convulsive, anti-pyretic, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, astringent (slight), diuretic (somewhat), nervine, sedative, tonic. Scullcap was considered in old times to be a remedy for rabies, thus its nickname mad Dog weed. It calms the nervous system, brings about natural sleep, is effective in helping with drug and alcohol withdrawal symptoms, helps to rebuild nerve endings in the brain, helps with infertility, and is very useful in cases of spasmodic afflictions such as epilepsy. Scullcap has also been known to help with digestive problems, respiratory infections, extreme fatigue, inflamed tissue and headaches.
Silica- Mineral found abundantly in sandstone, clay, and granite, as well as in parts of plants and animals. It is the principal ingredient of glass. In cosmetics it is used as an absorbent powder and thickening agent.
Silk Protein Amino Acid Blend (Sodium L-Pyrrolidone Carboxylate, Sodium Lactate, LArginine, L-Aspartic Acid, L-Pyrrolidonecarboxylic Acid, Glycine, L-Alanine, L-Serine, L-Valine, L-Proline, L-threonine, L-Isoleucine, L-Histidine, L-Phenylalanine)- Silk amino acids are primarily sourced and derived from silk worms. As we are a cruelty free facility, we do not support this avenue as our source. Our potent and beautiful silk amino acids are derived from a natural fermentation process utilizing a plant substrate such as molasses. Our silk amino acids are cultivated in a lab by wage earning free and self-empowered human beings rather than by enslaved disempowered and oppressed silk worms. In our world, beauty is not cruel.
Amino acids are the basis for all living tissue on Earth. The skin is a living, breathing organ and needs an abundant supply of amino acids to function properly. These natural miracles are the very building blocks needed for the creation of important skin proteins like collagen and elastin. Without amino acids the skin simply cannot function properly.
These selected amino acids are essential to healthy skin. These are exactly the same amino acids found in collagen and elastin. Each amino acid is made from plant sources and is painstakingly purified. These amino acids are then carefully blended to match the optimum amino acid composition in collagen. By utilizing the unique delivery system in this amino acid blend, the skin now has available the amino acids necessary to beautify and repair itself on a daily basis.
Amino acids are the main moisture retention factors in human skin. Topical application of amino acids has shown to dramatically increase moisture content while decreasing visible lines. In addition, amino acids help in the production of collagen and elastin, regulate sebaceous gland activity and decrease discoloration.
Free radicals are unbalanced molecules caused by the sun, environment and pollution. These unbalanced molecules randomly bounce around inside skin cells and cause damage to important cellular tissues including DNA structures. Amino acids are natural free radical scavenges that seek and neutralize free radicals to help prevent the damage done by them.
L-Proline: Important in maintaining radiant and youthful skin
L-Histidine: Protects the body from radiation and sun damage. Antioxidant, which neutralizes free radicals helping to prevent skin cell damage.
L-Arginine: Speeds the healing of skin cell damage and wounds.
L-Lysine: Skin conditioning agent. Involved in cellular and tissue repair. Essential amino acid needed for collagen production.
L-Glycine: Repairs damaged tissue and promotes healing.
L-Isoleucine: Branched chain amino acid. Important in protein synthesis and tissue repair.
L-Tyrosine: A building block of protein used to help the moisturizing product penetrate the skin. Converted by skin cells into melanin that protects against harmful effects of UV light.
L-Leucine: Branched chain amino acid. Protects against muscle protein breakdown.
L-Glutamine: Helps prevent muscle and tissue breakdown.
L-Valine: Branched chain amino acid. Important for muscular and tissue strength.
L-Threonine: Important for the formation of collagen and elastin.
L-Methionine: Neutralizes free radicals and fights aging of the skin.
L-Alanine: Important in protein synthesis.
L-Acetyl Tyrosine: Highly bio-available form of L-Tyrosine, a building block of protein.
L-Aspartic Acid: Involved in building skin cell DNA (genetic structure in the nucleolus).
L-Serine: Important in formation of cell membranes.
L-Phenylalanine: Building blocks for various proteins. It can be converted to L-Tyrosine.
Silver Sparkle- Mica, Titanium Dioxide for natural based glitter.
Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus Foetidus)- Antispasmodic, diaphoretic, expectorant. Skunk Cabbage, when used externally, is good for ringworm, sores and swelling. It acts as a narcotic for asthma, and is good for arthritis, chorea, edema, hysteria, whooping cough, worms, epilepsy, and convulsions in pregnancy and labor. Skunk Cabbage is also noted for its ability to generate temperatures of up to thirty five degrees Celsius. It actually melts its way through the snow in early spring, and is one of the only plants that exhibits thermo genesis.
Smectite Clay- Montmorillonite-containing bentonite clays have also been used for thousands of years as a remedy for infections, indigestion, and other medical problems by both appying wet clay topically to the skin as a poultice and by ingesting it. A recent article in The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy also found that certain iron-rich clay was effective in killing bacteria. This clay is a very soft phyllosilicate mineral that typically forms in microscopic crystals forming a clay. It is the main constituent of the volcanic ash weathering product, bentonite Smectite Clays water content is variable and it increases greatly in volume when it absorbs water.
Sodium Carbomer- Carbomers are large molecule agents used as thickening and suspending agents and emulsion stabilizers in cosmetics. White, slightly acidic powders, carbomers react with fat particles to form thick, stable emulsions of water and oil. This thickening agent is used to create gel-like formulations.
Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose- a gummy substance that is a sodium salt of cellulose; used as a thickening or emulsifying agent.
Sodium Chloride- More popularly known as common table salt. Used primarily as a binding agent in skin-care products and occasionally as an abrasive in scrub products.
Sodium Hydroxide- Also known as lye, it is a highly alkaline ingredient used in small amounts in cosmetics to modulate the pH of a product. It is also used as a cleansing agent in some cleansers.
Sodium Selenate- Sodium Selenate, or Selenium is considered to be a powerful antioxidant. It is an element that is known to be essential, in small amounts, to humans and other living things. In the body it is found as part of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase, which helps to rid the body of destructive superoxide molecules.
Selenium deficiencies are common, since selenium concentrations depend strongly on locale and diet. Such deficiencies give rise to symptoms like those of aging: damaged tissues, increased arthritis, heart disease and increased virulence of viral infections. Medical research has found evidence supporting the following uses for selenium supplementation:
o it slows aging by protecting cells and tissues from damage wrought by free radicals
o it combats arthritis and inhibits heart disease
o it reduces virulence of viruses
o it decreases mortality and improves mental state of people with HIV infection
o it can prevent progression of autoimmune thyroid disease
o selenium and iodine taken simultaneously can reduce hyperthyroidism
o selenium combines with metals such as cadmium and mercury to reduce their toxicity
Sorbic Acid- A natural organic preservative derived from mountain ash berries. Sorbic acid is used in many products, including several foods and even in contact lens solutions. Inhibits the growth of molds and yeast and fungus in skin care formulations, and adjusts the PH of a product for proper preservation and balance.
Spilanthes (Spilanthes acmella)- Spilanthes is commonly called the toothache plant due to its numbing effect on the gums. It is an antibacterial, and is thought to be good for oral health in general. The main constituent of Spilanthes, spilanthol, is an effective antiparasitic, and has been used as a native remedy against malaria. It also has strong antifungal properties and is useful in the treatment of ringworm, as well as bacterial infections of the skin and wounds. Some recommend using a mouth rinse of Spilanthes daily to promote gum health, and recent scientific research is proving Spilanthes to be a very strong antibacterial against E. coli, salmonella, staphylococcus albus, as well as an inhibitor of the growth of candida albicans.
Spirulina-Spirulina Maxima- Botanical; stimulant. Full of vitamins and minerals, it is said to have a hydrating effect on the surface layers of the skin. It has also been represented that Spirulina proteins contribute to tissue regeneration of the skin.
Stearamidopropyl Dimethylamine- An Emulsifier that is very ethical as it doesn't use solvents or chemicals. It is made from vegetable-based components. It is ideal for Hair Conditioners as it makes the hair very soft.
Stearic Acid- Occurs naturally in butter acids, tallow, cascarilla bark, and other fats an oils. A soap softener and toiletry thickener. Stearic Acid is naturally derived from palm oil. It helps to bind and thicken creams and is also used in soap and candles.
St. Johns Wort (Hypericum perforatum)- Alterative, anti-bacterial, anti-depressant, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-tumor, anti-viral, aromatic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, nervine, sedative, vulnerary. St. Johns Wort is especially good for treating wounds, no matter how gruesome. It has been used in cases of putrid leg ulcers where simply nothing else would heal them. St. Johns Wort helps reduce inflammation in cellulite, boils, septic sores and lymphangitis, and increases blood flow to stressed tissue. It has been used as an antidepressant, pain reliever and sedative, and treats anxiety, neuralgia, nervous tension, mental burnout, chronic fatigue, bruises, viral infections, worms, pulmonary and bladder complaints, and internal bleeding. St. Johns Wort is an excellent blood purifier and is a very good remedy for chronic uterine problems, as well as bronchitis dysentery and nervous depression.
Stillingia (Stillingia sylvatica)- Alterative, expectorant, emetic, cathartic, cholagogue. Doctors have found Stillingia to be one of the best treatments for syphilis. It is found to be useful in skin problems such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis, is a glandular stimulant used in the treatment of Cystic Fibrosis, cleanses the blood and aids in the digestion of protein. Stillingia is also a liver stimulant.
Stoneroot (Collinsonia canadensis)- Stoneroot has a strong lemony aroma, and has been used since the time of the Native Americans as a wound wash and lotion. A tea was also brewed to treat kidney stones, constipation, and headache. Stoneroot is prescribed to counteract fluid retention, and to prevent the formation or worsening of varicose veins and hemorrhoids.
Suma (Pfaffia paniculata)- Adaptogen, demulcent, energy tonic, immuno-stimulant, nutrient. Suma is called para todo by the Brazilian Indians, meaning for everything. This herb strengthens the immune system, fortifies hormones, reduces tumors and regulates blood sugar. It protects against viral infections, inhibits tumor growth, acts as an adaptogen to normalize all the bodys functions, restores sexual function in women and men, fights free radicals due to its high antioxidant content, and helps the body deal with stress.
Sundew (Drosera)- Sundew has been used medicinally since the 12th century, where the plants were used to treat coughs. Sundew tea was recommended by herbalists in Germany for dry coughs, whooping cough, bronchitis and asthma. Various Sundew varieties have also been used as aphrodisiacs, to strengthen the heart and prevent freckles, as well as a treatment for sunburns and toothaches. Today Drosera is usually used to treat stomach ulcers, asthma, coughs and lung infections.
Sunflower Oil-Helianthus Annuus- Carrier; An oil wealthy in Oleic acids with high amounts of Vitamins A, D, and E, also has beneficial amounts of lecithin, and unsaturated fatty acids. Deeply nourishing and conditioning for the skin and it is highly recommended for recipes designed to treat dry, weathered, aged, and damaged skin. Our line of organic Sunflower oil has a pleasant scent and is easily absorbed and applied.
High in Linolenic acid.
Sweet Almond Oil-Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis- An emollient/moisturizer; a natural vegetable oil pressed from almonds used for penetrating and softening. Massage therapists have long used this moisturizing oil for massage. Is used to soften dry skin and to help relieve dry, itchy and irritated skin. Main component is olein with a small proportion of glyceride. Similar to Olive Oil. Elegant skin feel.
Tamanu Oil-Calophyllum Inophyllum- Tamanu oil is a remarkable topical healing agent with skin healing, antineuralgic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibiotic and antioxidant properties. Tamanu oils botanical name is Calophyllum tacamahaca and/or Calophyllum Inophyllumbut its been called everything from Alexandrian Laurel to Pannay Tree to Sweet Scented Calophyllum, and in London it was once sold as Borneo Mahogany. The Tamanu tree is indigenous to tropical Southeast Asia; it is found in Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malaysia, South India, Sri Lanka, and the Melanesian and Polynesian islands. It is grows up to three meters tall, sporting cracked, black bark and elliptical, shiny leaves. The Tamanu tree blooms twice annually with fragrant, white flowers, which later yield clusters of yellow-skinned spherical fruit. The fruits pulp tastes similar to an apple, within which a large nut is embedded. The nut contains an odorless pale kernel, called punnai in some Pacific areas. This kernel is dried in the sun for two months until it becomes sticky with a dark, thick, rich oil; it must be protected from humidity and rain during drying. This sticky oil is cold-pressed to make a greenish yellow oil similar to olive oil. To put this spectacular oil into perspective, and to further justify its relatively high cost, It takes 100 kilograms of Tamanu fruit, the amount that one tree produces annually, to yield just 5 kilograms of cold pressed oil! Natives believed the Tamanu tree was a sacred gift of nature and that gods hid in its branches. It was their answer to skin protection from hot sun, high humidity and ocean wind.
Indonesians soak the leaf in water; the resulting blue solution is applied to inflamed eyes or taken internally for heatstroke. It is used as an astringent for hemorrhoids in Philippines. The Manus of Papua New Guinea heat leaves over a fire until they soften, then apply them to skin ulcers, boils, cuts, sores and pimples. On Dobu Island, leaves are boiled, and the resulting solution is used to wash skin rashes.
In the Philippines, the sap is mixed with sulfur to create an ointment for boils, open sores and wounds. In the 18th century, native Jamaicans used a similar species for wounds and sores.
Fiji natives use Tamanu oil for joint pains, arthritis, bruises, oozing wounds, chapped lips and preventing diaper rash. In most south sea islands it is utilized as an analgesic for sciatica, rheumatism and ulcers.
Pacific islanders apply Tamanu oil to scrapes, cuts, burns, insect bites and stings, acne and acne scars, psoriasis, diabetic sores, anal fissures, sunburn, dry or scaly skin, blisters, eczema, diaper rash and herpes soresand even to reduce foot and body odor!
In Europe, sometimes called Domba oil, it has a 70 to 75 percent success rate in alleviating rheumatism and scabies. Its also effective on gout and ringworm. It can be applied to mucous membrane lesions. It heals chapped skin, post-surgical wounds, skin allergies, cracked skin, bed sores, wounds, rashes, abrasions, athletes foot, boils, and infected nails.
Tamanu oil has even healed severe burns caused by boiling water, chemicals and X-rays. Its anti-inflammatory properties reduce rashes, sores, swelling and abrasions. Tamanu oil promotes new tissue formation, accelerating healing and healthy skin growth.
Tamanu oil reputedly relieves a sore throat when it is applied to the neck. Its pain-relieving properties have also been used traditionally to relieve neuralgia, shingles and believe it or not, leprous neuritis! In the 1920s, Sister Marie-Suzanne, a nun stationed in Fiji, topically applied Tamanu oil to leprosy victims with positive results.
Tamanu oil possesses significant antimicrobial qualities, as proven in antibacterial and antifungal tests. It contains powerful bactericide and fungicide agents that defeat human and animal pathogens. Tamanu can be applied directly to skin, undiluted. There are no reports of adverse effects from topical application. Tamanu oil has also compared favorably against antibiotics in alleviating these maladies:
o Bladder infections
o Wound infections
o The cause of diphtheria
o Infected burns
o Urinary tract infections
o The cause of Madura Foot, which causes the foots skin to swell and split
o Jock itch
o Athletes foot
Tamanu oil fades stretch marks with incredible results. It also works miracles on scar tissue, making scars look less unsightly. BioScience Laboratories conducted a study of Tamanu oils ability to improve the appearance of scars. Six subjects with obvious scars aged for one year or more participated in the test. Subjects were not allowed to use moisturizers on their scarred areas for seven days before the test or throughout the nine-week test period. Scars were rated for roughness, length, width and degree of difference from surrounding normal skin. Measurements of darkness and redness were also taken for scarred and surrounding normal skin. Digital photos of scars were taken prior to initial application and at the end of week nine. Tamanu oil was applied to the scarred area twice daily for nine consecutive weeks. There was significant improvement in appearance of scars after six weeks, and improvement continued through week nine. Scar length was reduced by an average 0.28 centimeters, and width was reduced by an average 0.12 centimeters!
Tea Tree-Melaleuca Alternifolia- Traditional Use: Employed in soaps, toothpastes, deodorants, disinfectants, gargles, germicides, and increasingly, in aftershaves and spicy colognes.
Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, anti-parasitic, antiseptic, antiviral, balsamic, cicatrisant, decongestant, diaphoretic, expectorant, fungicidal, stimulant (immune), and vulnerary.
Benefits: Abscess, acne, asthma, athletes foot, blisters, bronchitis, burns, candida, catarrh, chicken pox, cold sores, colds, coughs, cystitis, dandruff, ear and nose infections, fever, flu, fungal infections, herpes, immune system deficiencies, infectious illnesses, insect bites, local anesthetic, oily skin, prevents radiation burns or scalds, pruritis, respiratory problems, sinusitis, skin rashes, staph, strep throat, thrush, tooth and gum infections, tuberculosis, vaginal infections, veruccae, viral infections, warts, whooping cough, and wounds.
Because the water-resistant paperbark is so easy to peel off the tree, it was used extensively by the aboriginal peoples of Australia to make small canoes, knife sheaths, and thatching for shelters. The pungent leaves were soaked in hot water and taken as a cure for cold coughs, and headaches or they were simply picked from the tree and chewed. In World War ll cutters and producers of tea tree were exempt from military service until enough essential oil had been accumulated. It was issued to each soldier and sailor for them to treat tropical infections and other problems of warfare, including wounds.
Tetrasodium EDTA- This is a chelating agent used to prevent minerals present in formulations from bonding to other ingredients and casusing microbial growth.
Thuja (Thuja occidentalis)- Diuretic, insecticide, anthelmintic, antiviral, expectorant, emmenagogue, stimulant, anti-carcinogenic. Thuja makes a good topical, as well as internal treatment for warts. It enhances the immune system by stimulating T-lymphocytes, can be used as an expectorant for bronchial catarrh, is an effective diuretic for cystitis and amenorrhea, helps with stopped menstruation, clears intestinal parasites.
Thyme-Thymus Vulgaris- Antimicrobial; botanical. Skin care uses are as a skin tonic and also the herb Thyme works to repel certain insects. Properties: Analgesic, anthelminthic, antifungal, anti-infectious, antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, antiputrescent, antirheumatic, antiseptic, (intestinal, pulmonary, genito-urinary), antispasmodic, antitussive, antitoxic, antivenomus, antiviral, aperitif, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, balsamic, carminative, cicatrizant, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, parasiticide, pectoral, revulsive, rubefacient, stimulant (immune system, circulation), sudorific, tonic, and vermifuge.
Benefits: Abscess, acne, anorexia, arthritis, asthma, balsamic, bronchitis, bruises, burns, catarrh, cellulitis, chills, colds, coughs, cuts, cystitis, dermatitis, diarrhea, dyspepsia, eczema, edema, expectorant, flatulence, flu, gout, gum infections, headaches, infectious diseases, insect bites, insomnia, gum infections, laryngitis, lice, muscular aches and pains, nervous debility and stress related conditions, obesity, oily skin, poor circulation, rheumatism, scabies, sinusitis, sore throat, sports injuries, sprains, thrush, tonsillitis, urethritis, verrucas, and warts.
Of Interest: So important was the herbs aroma that its name was culled from the Greek thymon which means to fumigate. On the other hand, its name has also been linked to the Greek word thumon, meaning courage as the plant was associated with bravery. Indeed Roman soldiers bathed in thyme before entering a battle, and in the Middle Ages sprigs of thyme were woven into the scarves of knights departing for the Crusades. Most present-day research has centered on thymes ability as an antibacterial and anti-infectious agent, even when diffused in the air.
Titanium Dioxide- An inert earth mineral used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics. It protects skin from UVA and UVB radiation and is considered to have no risk of skin irritation (Source: Skin Therapy Letter, 1997, volume 2, number 5
Triethanolamine- A coating ingredient used for fresh fruit and vegetables and widely used in surfactants and in dispersing agents and detergents in hand and body lotions, shave cremes, soaps, shampoos, and bath powders. Used in cosmetics as a pH balancer.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa)- Emmenagogue, aromatic stimulant, cholagogue, alterative, analgesic, astringent, antiseptic. Turmeric is an ingredient in Indian curry powders because it helps promote good digestion and assimilation. It regulates menses, balances hormones, and lessens PMS symptoms. Turmeric also promotes blood circulation and is an effective anti-inflammatory, making it particularly useful as an external oil or liniment for treating bruises, injuries, and other inflammations.
Ubiquinone- CoQ10 levels decrease as you get older. Most women over thirty have below optimum levels of CoQ10 in the skin. The lack of CoQ10 results in an impeded ability to produce collagen and elastin. Collagen is important because it makes your skin firm, while elastin gives your skin flexibility. The loss of collagen and elastin causes your skin to wrinkle and sag.
CoQ10 also helps the skin by acting as a strong antioxidant. It helps to neutralize the harmful free radicals that are one of the major causes of aging. Thus, the age-related decline in CoQ10 also your skin is more prone to damage by free radicals.
Using topical anti-aging creams that contain CoQ10 can effectively help fight the signs of aging. The CoQ10 in the treatment can penetrate deeply to provide antioxidants and help create collagen and elastin.
Undaria Pinnatifida Cell Culture Extract- Our dermal matter is inextricably combined with a deep study of this earth's plant matrix and its inherent cosmeceutical abundance. Sustainably marrying these two studies into a beautiful, service oriented company is the spine of BBS. Inspiration through love is what fleshes out the body of this company. Service is the shoe that we walk in to create beauty through commerce. All for the sake of love....of course At some point in this journey, it becomes apparent that the ocean and her fathomless depths are the great womb from which all life in form originates. The murky rich primordial soup that is the ocean has long been held as the healing "plasma" of this world. It is no accident that thalassotherapy dates as far back as human beings can access recorded history. Thalassa is a Greek word meaning "sea".Thalassotherapy is the medicinal use of ocean water, ocean products and ocean climate for healing. Seaweed has become what it is due to the unrelenting glare of the Sun on its unprotected membranes. This unending exposure to radiation..... combined with the harsh parching properties of the oceans' salts, has resulted in seaweeds unchallenged stature regarding all things healing and age defying. Seaweed maintains unique compounds called phytochemicals and antioxidants. The extraordinary healing properties found in seaweed have formed in response to the brutal life that seaweed has been charged with evolving in and through. The hard won restorative components that comprise seaweed are youthening ambrosia for irritated and tired human skin. Our findings illustrate Undaria Pinnatifida Cell Culture Extract Advanced increases oxygen consumption, while simultaneously reducing the formation of reactive oxygen species to increase overall mitochondrial efficiency. Research strongly suggests that Undaria Pinnatifida Cell Culture Extract Advanced delivers potent anti- aging effects to minimize damage at the cellular level where aging starts.
Urea- Urea is the most scientifically researched organic compound known to medical science. It is the only proven ingredient to actually heal dry skin. It is wonderful as treatment for eczema, shingles, rosacea, psoriasis, ichthyosis, and any dry skin condition. Urea is a water soluble compound that is found in all animals and mammals. Urea is naturally present in healthy skin. It is one of three natural moisturizing factors (NMF) in the outer horny layer of our skin. The other two NMF are lactic acid and amino acids. There are markedly reduced amounts of urea in dry skin conditions. Urea preparations are emollients that are essential in the management of dry skin conditions. Emollients moisturize dry skin by reducing water loss from the epidermis (upper layer of skin) resulting in softer and more supple skin. The specific actions of urea include:
o Hydrating effects urea is strongly hygroscopic (water-loving) and draws and retains water within skin cells
o Keratolytic effects urea softens the horny layer so it can be easily released from the surface of the skin
o Regenerative skin protection urea has a direct protective effect against drying influences and if used regularly improves the capacity of the epidermal barriers for regeneration
o Irritation-soothing effects urea has anti-pruritic activity based on local anaesthetic effects
o Penetration-assisting effects urea can increase the penetration of other substances, e.g. corticosteroids as it increases skin hydration
Usnea -Usnea Barbata- a wildcrafted lichen originating in the Pacific Northwest. Known for its superb anti-bacterial, antibiotic, anti-fungal, anti-viral, astringent, diuretic, parasiticide, tonic, tuberculostatic qualities. According to the doctrine of signatures, Usnea is good for the hair and scalp. It is used both internally and externally for fungus, viral and bacterial infections, is effective against the parasite known as Trichomonas, and helps to strengthen the immune system. Many European anti-bacterial and anti-fungal creams are made from Usnea because the usnic acid it contains is releases slowly and is therefore available to the site of infection longer than other anti-bacterials.
Uva Ursi (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)- Anti-lithic, aromatic, astringent, disinfectant, diuretic, lithontriptic, sedative (renal), stimulant (mild), tonic, urinary antiseptic. Uva Ursi has historically been considered an herb for the kidneys by the Chinese, Europeans and American Indians. The leaves were used to treat bladder infections, kidney stones, and other ailments of the sort, and the herb was also used for canker sores, sore gums, and as a mouth wash. Uva Ursi has been used to correct bed-wetting, bladder disease, kidney congestion, kidney and urinary tract infections, urogenital inflammations, vaginal infections, and as a cleanser for the spleen. One can use Uva Ursi after child birth to prevent infections, and can add the herb to a hot bath for hemorrhoids, skin infections and inflammations. Arctostaphylos speeds the healing process for wounds, is useful for inflammation throughout the body, is a strong antibiotic against Staph and E. coli, and helps remove gravel from the kidneys and urinary tract.
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)- Anodyne (mild), anti-diuretic, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, carminative, cathartic, diuretic, hypnotic, nervine, parasiticide, sedative, stimulant, tonic. Valerian has been used for centuries to calm nervous disorders. It is used when sleep disorders are the result of nervous tension, hysteria, headache and exhaustion, and is employed as a sedative of the primary nerve centers in cases of epileptic fits, nervous unrest, neuralgia pain and wakefulness. Valerian root is being used in place of Valium to help assist in the rehabilitation of drug addicts. It most often simply helps them relax and sleep easily, especially in cases of hypochondria and hysteria. Although Valerian is a sedative, it also serves to antagonize the hypnotic effects of alcohol, improves coordination, strengthens the heart, stimulates intestinal motility, is an anti-spasmodic, and relieves stomach cramps and stress.
Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)- Venus Flytrap extract is used to treat various types of degenerative diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, ulcerative colitis, herpes, arthritis and AIDS. Famed naturalist Charles Darwin called Venus Flytrap the most wonderful plant in the world, and according to Dr. Helmut Keller, - the beauty and intelligence of this remarkable insect-eating plant cannot be over-emphasized. It is one of natures storehouses of phytonutrients for the human immune system."
Violet (Viola odorata)- Alterative, anti-neoplastic, anti-pyretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, demulcent, expectorant, vulnerary, emetic (large doses). The ancient writer Pliny prescribed it for gout and disorders of the spleen. Violet has antiseptic and expectorant properties, softens hard lumps such as tumors, has been used as a gargle, and treats respiratory disorders, sore throats, chronic coughs and asthma. It heals internal ulcers, boils, abscesses, pimples, malignant growths, swollen glands and severe headaches.
Vitamin A, C, E, B5- see ingredient decks for INCI names- values are those of the specific vitamins themselves, as our bodies need these vitamins for healthy cell growth.
Vitamin C- Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate- The cutting edge of skin care research shows that aging skin is the result of more than just years on the calendar. Exposure to environmental elements like sunlight, smoke, and air pollution causes photoaging in skin. Not only does this lead to the formation of lines, wrinkles, and pigmentation - it can lead to more serious skin conditions, including skin cancer. A comprehensive Vitamin C program can help prevent photoaging and the onset of more serious skin conditions. Topical vitamin C has now been shown to provide up to eight times the skins natural protection from UV damage. Sunscreens are also an important part of the prevention process, although they cannot do it alone. Vitamin C protects your skin from the sun in ways that sunscreens cant. When used together, Vitamin C and sunscreens provide almost complete photoprotection - preventing photoaging, preventing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and promoting vibrant skin health.
Oxidative damage shows up on our faces in the form of sun spots, discoloration, wrinkles, sagging, and loss of elasticity and glow. Vitamin C prevents oxidative damage by neutralizing oxygen-free radicals before they can attack the body. Some Vitamin C is available to the body by oral ingestion, but many individuals do not achieve even the minimum daily requirement through diet or supplements. Furthermore, Vitamin C cannot be stored in the body, and so must be reintroduced into the body AND skin on a daily basis. Scientists and formulators have refined ways to stabilize and deliver additional amounts of key Vitamin C into the skin. Continued research has demonstrated that properly formulated vitamin C combinations work synergistically to provide enhanced benefit. Recent studies show that topical application of optimized Vitamin C combinations can provide up to eight-fold antioxidant protection, ninety-six percent reduction of sunburn cells, and prevent the formation of free radicals in UV irradiated skin (sun exposed skin).
Our vitamin C formulations are superior to most of the C products on the market- .due to our use of a uniquely stabilized vitamin C called Stay C 50.
Stay C 50 is water soluble and is a salt form. It is easily bioconverted to Vitamin C by skin enzymes. Ascorbyl palmitate is the more commonly used form of vitamin C in skin care formulations today. It is more stable, meaning that it will not yellow the product base as quickly. The reason that we do not use ascorbyl palmitate is that it is not as easily converted to Vitamin C in the skin- .it remains in the ester form for a longer period of time. This is not optimal as we want the skin to bioconvert the provitamin form and take up the C right away! What good will a vitamin C concentrate do for your complexion and skin cells if it cannot actually penetrate into the skin? So what we are saying here is that the more commonly used ascorbyl palmitate is more stable but less bioavailable to the skin. We use Stay C 50 at concentrations that may turn the base a light cream color over time. That is because vitamin C is active- all vitamins are active and sensitive to light. The main reason the palmitate version was created was to avoid the yellowing in formulation but really had nothing to do with the skin efficacy. We are only interested in efficacy, and if we have to watch or product turn a light yellow in order to have the best skin care available, well, so be it!!
Vitamin-C is necessary for the production of collagen, the major structural protein of the skin and although visible differences will not be seen for approximately two months, you may notice a visible difference in skin texture, color and tone in as early as a few days. Topical Vitamin-C products will start to be absorbed by the skin almost immediately. Because these vitamin-C products were developed as a preventative treatment with the goal of protecting the skin from further environmental damage, the skin will benefit the moment the vitamin-C is applied. The appearance of fine lines and wrinkles will become less noticeable within two to six months. Individual results will vary, depending upon the condition of the skin at the time of initial use. Research shows that topical vitamin-C offers photoprotective qualities.
Most individuals find the ideal time to apply vitamin-C is in the morning, because during the day you are more susceptible to sun exposure and L-ascorbic acid provides photoprotection from UVA/UVB radiation. You can also safely use it at night, as it stays in the skin for up to 72 hours, and cannot be washed off. Using our Vitamin C products once a day should be perfect for optimal results. Do not let the slight sting upon application scare you. The high acid levels are necessary in order for the Vitamin C to be absorbed. Other products with AHAs can still very safely be used alongside of our Vitamin C formulations, and will actually be greatly enhanced by the addition of these products.
Vitamin E-Tocopheryl Acetate- Anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; emollient. Linoleic acid at 71%. A natural Vitamin E oil obtained by vacuum distillation of vegetable fats. Great for preventing rancidity in cosmetics and it acts as an anti-oxidant in creams, lotions, baby products, cosmetics and more. Has long been associated with accelerated healing. Is used a lot in burn and scar medical therapy units to assist the skin in healing.
Recent studies have suggested that Vitamin E oil assists in maintaining a healthy heart and blood vessels. Suitable for food use and measures 7500 I.U./Oz.
Wheat Germ Oil-Triticum Vulgare- Wheat Germ Oil is widely used as both a cosmetic ingredient and as a dietary supplement. It is naturally rich in Vitamins A, D, and E, and also contains Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, F, Essential Fatty Acids, protein, and minerals. Because of its anti-oxidant and regenerative properties, Wheat Germ Oil is a wonderful ingredient to add to body care and cosmetic products.
Wheat Germ Oil contains high levels of Vitamin E Oil, as well as other vitamins, minerals, protein, and Essential Fatty Acids. Essential Fatty Acids support physiological functions, and are essential for the health of our organs and overall health. They cannot be produced by our own bodies, and instead must be obtained from dietary sources. Wheat Germ Oil contains linoleic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic fatty acids. These are needed for our cardiovascular, immune, nervous, reproductive systems, and to maintain healthy cells and body functions.
The Vitamin E Oil present in Wheat Germ Oil promotes skin cell formation, and is great for nourishing and rejuvenating dry, mature, dehydrated skin, and reducing scars, stretch marks, sunburns, and damaged skin. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects, which may be beneficial medicinally as well as in cosmetics. The high Vitamin E content in Wheat Germ Oil is a natural preservative, helps to prevent rancidity, and prolongs the shelf life of cosmetic products.
Specifically, Wheat Germ Oil has been shown to be effective for the following conditions:
o Dry and cracked skin
o Prematurely aged skin
o Stretch marks
o Dull complexion
o Tired and overexerted muscles
o Sunburn and burns
o Poor blood circulation
o Improves lymph function
White Oak Bark (Quercus alba)- Antiseptic, astringent, hemostatic, parasiticide, tonic. The North American colonists used White Oak Bark to make barrels for holding liquids. They favored it over other types of wood because once wet, it would swell up and seal the barrel completely, making it impossible for any fluid to leak out. White Oak Bark tightens tissues, and can be applied externally to relieve bruises, varicose veins, swollen tissue, injuries and bleeding. It has a cleansing effect on inflamed parts of the skin, has been used for diarrhea, dysentery and bleeding, expels pinworms, is a good remedy for hemorrhoids, bleeding of the stomach, liver, lungs and bowels, and stops the spitting up of blood. White Oak Bark is useful when one wishes to expel mucus from ones system, pass kidney stones, bring down temperature in the case of a fever, heal damaged tissues of the stomach and intestines, and to arrest internal and external bleeding.
White Willow Bark-Salix Alba- Is a chemical found in some plants, particularly in the leaves of Wintergreen and bark of Sweet Birch. Antiseptic. Used in acne soaps and cleansers. It can help dissolve the top layer of corneum cells and thereby improve the look and feel of the skin.
Wild Cherry (Prunus virginiana, Prunus serotina)- Anti-tussive, aromatic, astringent, bitter, carminative, expectorant, nervine, parasiticide, pectoral, sedative, stomachic, stimulant, tonic. Wild Cherry bark was used by the Native American Indians to treat diarrhea and lung ailments. The early Colonists learned of it through the Native Americans, and used it in cough syrup, tonics, as a decoction or extract to expel worms, and as a poultice for abscesses and ulcers. It is slightly astringent to the mucus membranes, aids in digestion, loosens mucus in the throat and chest, is an excellent remedy for all catarrhal afflictions, and improves the condition of asthma.
Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)- Astringent, antiseptic, diuretic, styptic, tonic. Wild Geranium has been used as a salad green and is also a blood coagulant. It is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, sore throats, irritable bowels, cholera, excessive bleeding during menstruation, kidney and stomach complaints, and hemorrhoids. The powdered root has also been used as a topical remedy for canker sores.
Wild Indigo (Baptisia australis)- The Native Americans used Wild Indigo as a treatment for toothaches, and as a poultice for any kind of inflammation. The Cherokees used it to make a blue dye, and the Baptisia species is currently being researched for immune stimulating properties. It has a bitter taste, increases gastric secretions, is a laxative in small doses, stimulates the liver and increases bile secretions. It is an excellent dressing for ulcerations, malignant ulcers and sore mouth. It overcomes putrefaction and lessens foul discharges in irritable and painful ulcers, and has been used to treat sore nipples, syphilitic ulcers, erysipelatous, scrofulous, malignant sore throat and Diphtheria.
Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa)- Anti-bilious, anti-catarrhal, anti-emetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, bitter, blood purifier, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, hepatic, laxative, nervine, relaxant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. During the Civil War Wild Yam roots were employed for abdominal cramps and bilious colic. Dioscorea has steroid-like substances that are used in the making of birth control pills. Wild Yam treats painful gallstones, menstrual cramps, arthritic and rheumatic pains, abdominal and intestinal cramps, gas and flatulence, cleanses the blood, lowers blood cholesterol, and is a potent uterine tonic. The North American Indians used the Mexican Wild Yam as an effective birth control method, has historically been used for those with exhausted adrenals, helps to balance hormones, calms the nerves, expels gas from the stomach, treats nausea, reduces inflammations, and is a good preventative of miscarriage.
Willow Bark (Salix alba)- Alterative, analgesic, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, anti-periodic, anti-pyretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, astringent, bitter, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, tonic, vermifuge.The bark of the willow tree contains an effective pain killer known as salicin. When made into a tea and drunk, the salicin is excreted in the urine as salicylic acid, making it useful for the urethra and bladder. Willow is a well known and very effective anti-inflammatory for both topical and internal use, is good for fevers, headaches, various aches and pains related to rheumatism, arthritis and neuralgia, is a nerve sedative, and has strong anti-septic properties that make it useful in the treatment of infected wounds. Willow Bark is a very good source of herbal magnesium, is useful in all stomach ailments, and is the original aspirin.
Wintergreen-Methyl Salicylate- From wintergreen; antiseptic; flavor. Penetration and analgesic.
Witch Hazel-Hamamelis Virginiana- Witch Hazel Extract is a wonderful ingredient for use in your cosmetic and medicinal preparations. It is gentle enough to be used alone, or it may be combined with other ingredients or herbs. Commercial Witch Hazel extracts usually contain more alcohol than actual Witch Hazel, and have only been distilled once. However, the line offered by RSL leads in both quality and potency. Our true Witch Hazel extract has been double distilled, and contains 99.9% Witch Hazel extract and only 0.01% alcohol. This makes it more soothing than the version found in your local store, and lacks the alcohol sting and scent. Witch Hazel extract is produced from the leaves and bark of the North American shrub Witch-hazel, Hamamelis virginiana. It has been used medicinally throughout history. The Native Americans used poultices of Witch Hazel leaves and bark to treat hemorrhoids, wounds, painful tumors, insect bites, and skin ulcers. They also made Witch Hazel infusions for conditions including cuts, colds, heavy menstruation, tumors, and eye inflammation. In addition, Witch Hazel was used in folk medicine for backache, and internally for diarrhea, nervousness, nosebleed, vaginitis, and venereal disease.
Witch Hazel extract has astringent, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, and anesthetic properties, making it indispensable for a variety of different medicinal and cosmetic uses. Medicinally, Witch Hazel extract is used for bedsores, bruises, eczema, insect bites, hemorrhoids, poison ivy or oak, bruises, sore muscles, swelling, psoriasis, cracked or blistered skin, diaper rash, windburn, and sunburn. In cosmetic products, Witch Hazel extract is used as an aftershave or a facial astringent, applied to blemishes and pimples, varicose veins, and is used to cleanse oil from the skin, remove make-up, decrease bags under eyes and skin puffiness, and to reduce pore size. It is beneficial for both oily and dry mature skin, and is commonly found in anti-aging products as well as in products for blemished or acne-prone skin. For conditions such as bedsores, bruises, hemorrhoids, poison ivy or oak, bruises, sore muscles, swelling, or diaper rash, Witch Hazel extract can be applied using a compress. For hemorrhoid relief, it is also added to sitz baths. For facial care products, Witch Hazel extract can be easily added to facial cleansers, astringents, masks, and toners. Witch Hazel extract can be incorporated into creams or lotions, and then applied to the skin. For sore muscles, Witch Hazel extract can either be used in a compress or cream, or may be added to bath water. Athletes rub Witch Hazel extract onto their arms or legs limbs prior to workouts to help prevent muscle strain, or after a workout to help relieve soreness.
Wood Betony (Betonica officinalis, Stachys officinalis)- Alterative, Anti-scorbutic, aperient, aromatic, astringent, carminative, hepatic, nervine, parasiticide, sedative, stomachic, bitter tonic. Wood Betony is an excellent remedy for head complaints such as face twitching and headaches, and was used in medieval England for monstrous nocturnal visions, devils, despair and lunacy. It is used to treat rheumatism when in combination with other herbs, opens obstructions in the liver and spleen, softly stimulates the heart, expels worms from the body, and is a general tonic for digestive disorders. Wood Betony is calming to the nerves, is very high in vitamin C, cleans impurities of the blood and is helpful in cases of heartburn, stomach cramps and indigestion.
Wormwood (Artemsia absinthium)- Anti-bilious, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-venomous, aromatic, bitter, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hemostatic, hepatic, narcotic, parasiticide, stimulant, stomachic, styptic, tonic, vermifuge. Wormwood has been used for centuries to rid the body of parasites. Historically it has also been used as a hair tonic, to control the swelling of wounds and menstrual flow, and as a medicine for colds and sore eyes. It counteracts fevers, treats anemia and arthritis, regulates the liver, is a useful antidote for various poison mushrooms, and when used as a liniment acts as a local anesthetic for local inflammation, lower back pain, sprains, bruises, neuralgia, and arthritic and rheumatic pains. Wormwood is a good herb to employ when suffering from digestive complaints such as constipation, promotes menstruation and uterine circulation, reduces hair loss, and induces sweating in cases of dry fevers.
Xanthan Gum- Despite its rather alien-sounding name, xanthan gum is as natural as any other fermented corn sugar polysaccharide you can name. Xanthan gum derives its name from the strain of bacteria used during the fermentation process, Xanthomonas campestris. Xanthomonas campestris is the same bacteria responsible for causing black spots to form on broccoli, cauliflower, and other leafy vegetables. The bacteria form a slippery substance which acts as a natural stabilizer or thickener. The United States Department of Agriculture ran a number of experiments involving bacteria and various sugars to develop a new thickening agent similar to corn starch or guar gum. When Xanthomonas campestris was combined with corn sugar, the result was a colorless goo called xanthan gum. Xanthan gum is considered a polysaccharide in scientific circles, because it is a long chain of three different forms of sugar. Whats important to know is that all three of these natural sugars are present in corn sugar, a derivative of the more familiar corn syrup. The Xanthomonas campestris bacteria literally eat a supply of this corn sugar under controlled conditions, and the digestion process converts the individual sugars into a single substance with properties similar to cornstarch. Xanthan gum is used in dairy products and salad dressings as a thickening agent and stabilizer. Xanthan gum prevents ice crystals from forming in ice creams, and also provides a fat feel in low or no-fat dairy products. Another use for xanthan gum is the stabilization and binding of cosmetic products. One advantage of xanthan gum is that a little goes an incredibly long way. Cosmetic manufacturers add a very small amount of xanthan gum to their cream-based products in order to keep the individual ingredients from separating. Despite the use of bacteria during processing, xanthan gum itself is safe to human skin or digestive systems. Xanthan gum is often used whenever a gel-like quality is sought.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)- Alterative, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, digestant, diuretic, emmenagogue, hemostatic, stimulant, stomachic, styptic, tonic, vulnerary. Yarrow can be taken as a hot tea to increase body temperature, open up the pores, stimulate perspiration, equalize circulation and increase elimination. It purifies the blood of morbid waste, balances functions of the liver, stops bleeding relatively fast, and contains aromatic compounds that aid in shrinking inflamed tissue. Yarrow is a natural quinine substitute, is used in skin and hair conditioners, is effective against yeast infections, is a powerful virus inhibitor, is soothing and healing to the mucus membranes, is sometimes used in childhood conditions that involve skin eruptions, shrinks hemorrhoids, controls bleeding and was used by the English for general health issues while traveling.
Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus)- Alterative, anti-scorbutic, anti-scrofulous, anti-syphilitic, astringent, bitter, cathartic, cholagogue, depurative, hepatic, laxative, nutritive (leaves), tonic. Yellow Dock is a most excellent blood builder, tonic and cleanser, and has one of the highest iron contents in nature, making it an extremely good tonic treatment for anemia. It nourishes the spleen and is often used for skin diseases, liver and gallbladder disorders, iron deficiency, skin itch, ulcers, constipation and varicose veins. Yellow Dock helps to balance body chemistry due to its high mineral content, makes an excellent salve for itchy skin diseases and swelling, is applied to bleeding wounds and hemorrhoids, cleanses the lymphatic system, tones the pineal gland and builds the immune system.
Yerba Mansa (Anemopsis californica)- Yerba Mansa means calming herb in strongish. It is native to the Pacific West of North America and is an anti-inflammatory herb with properties similar to those of Goldenseal in that both herbs affect the mucous membrane. Yerba Mansa can be used for both acute and chronic nasal and pharyngeal congestion, inflammation of the mouth and throat, diarrhea, stomach ulcers, gonorrhea, yeast infections of the vagina and catarrhal conditions of the urinary tract.
Yerba Santa (Eriodictyon spp.,)- Alterative, aromatic, astringent, bitter, carminative, expectorant, sialagogue, stimulant, stomachic. The Indians of South America used Yerba Santa for coughs, colds, sore throats, mucus, diarrhea, vomiting and stomachaches. Yerba Santa stimulates the lungs and respiratory tract to expel mucus, and is very useful for conditions such as bronchitis and chest colds. It can be used externally as a poultice for wounds, insect bites, sprains and bruises. It naturally relieves fatigue, protects against the effects of stress, is an old remedy for tuberculosis, cleanses the blood and tones the nervous system, controls appetite, relieves rheumatic pain, reduces swellings, heals sores and enhances the healing benefits of other herbs.
Yohimbe (Pausinystalia johimbe)- Aphrodisiac. Yohimbe is native to Africa, where it grows as a tree. It is an effective body builder and a strong aphrodisiac for both men and women. Yohimbe is a hormone stimulant, increases athletic ability when testosterone needs are increased, and lowers blood pressure. The bark of the tree has been smoked, rubbed on the body, snuffed and ingested for it aphrodisiac properties, and has been used in prescription formulas to improve sexual performance.
Yucca (Yucca baccata, Yucca glauca)- Alterative, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, astringent, bitter, blood purifier, laxative. The South Western American Indian Tribes used Yucca root for virtually everything, from soap to medicine. Yuccas most common folk name is soap rope, and the early settlers learned from the Natives to make a shampoo or general purpose soap from it. Yucca extract makes excellent shampoos and soaps, and one can even cut up the fresh root and place it in water, making a natural lather on the spot. It helps with the digestion of food and prevents certain types of harmful bacteria from flourishing in the body. Due to its very beneficial effects on the healthy intestinal flora, it indirectly stimulates the body's absorption of nutrition while simultaneously decreasing the amounts of toxins available. Health clinics in the Sonoran desert region of Arizona are using Yucca for arthritis with impressive results. Yucca is often used in formulas that are designed to break up obstructions in the joints, and has been used as a natural cortisone source due to its high saponin content.